DynamicMethod.GetILGenerator Method

Definition

Returns an MSIL generator that can be used to emit a body for the dynamic method.

Overloads

GetILGenerator(Int32)

Returns a Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) generator for the method with the specified MSIL stream size.

GetILGenerator()

Returns a Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) generator for the method with a default MSIL stream size of 64 bytes.

GetILGenerator(Int32)

Returns a Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) generator for the method with the specified MSIL stream size.

public:
 System::Reflection::Emit::ILGenerator ^ GetILGenerator(int streamSize);
public System.Reflection.Emit.ILGenerator GetILGenerator (int streamSize);
member this.GetILGenerator : int -> System.Reflection.Emit.ILGenerator
Public Function GetILGenerator (streamSize As Integer) As ILGenerator

Parameters

streamSize
Int32

The size of the MSIL stream, in bytes.

Returns

ILGenerator

An ILGenerator object for the method, with the specified MSIL stream size.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates this method overload. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the DynamicMethod class.

// Create an array that specifies the parameter types of the
// overload of Console::WriteLine to be used in Hello.
array<Type^>^ writeStringArgs = { String::typeid };
// Get the overload of Console::WriteLine that has one
// String parameter.
MethodInfo^ writeString = Console::typeid->GetMethod("WriteLine", 
    writeStringArgs);

// Get an ILGenerator and emit a body for the dynamic method,
// using a stream size larger than the IL that will be
// emitted.
ILGenerator^ il = hello->GetILGenerator(256);
// Load the first argument, which is a string, onto the stack.
il->Emit(OpCodes::Ldarg_0);
// Call the overload of Console::WriteLine that prints a string.
il->EmitCall(OpCodes::Call, writeString, nullptr);
// The Hello method returns the value of the second argument;
// to do this, load the onto the stack and return.
il->Emit(OpCodes::Ldarg_1);
il->Emit(OpCodes::Ret);
// Create an array that specifies the parameter types of the
// overload of Console.WriteLine to be used in Hello.
Type[] writeStringArgs = {typeof(string)};
// Get the overload of Console.WriteLine that has one
// String parameter.
MethodInfo writeString = typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine",
    writeStringArgs);

// Get an ILGenerator and emit a body for the dynamic method,
// using a stream size larger than the IL that will be
// emitted.
ILGenerator il = hello.GetILGenerator(256);
// Load the first argument, which is a string, onto the stack.
il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
// Call the overload of Console.WriteLine that prints a string.
il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, writeString, null);
// The Hello method returns the value of the second argument;
// to do this, load the onto the stack and return.
il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
il.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);
' Create an array that specifies the parameter types of the
' overload of Console.WriteLine to be used in Hello.
Dim writeStringArgs() As Type = {GetType(String)}
' Get the overload of Console.WriteLine that has one
' String parameter.
Dim writeString As MethodInfo = GetType(Console). _
    GetMethod("WriteLine", writeStringArgs) 

' Get an ILGenerator and emit a body for the dynamic method,
' using a stream size larger than the IL that will be
' emitted.
Dim il As ILGenerator = hello.GetILGenerator(256)
' Load the first argument, which is a string, onto the stack.
il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
' Call the overload of Console.WriteLine that prints a string.
il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, writeString, Nothing)
' The Hello method returns the value of the second argument;
' to do this, load the onto the stack and return.
il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
il.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)

Remarks

After a dynamic method has been completed, by calling the CreateDelegate or Invoke method, any further attempt to add MSIL is ignored. No exception is thrown.

Note

There are restrictions on unverifiable code in dynamic methods, even in some full-trust scenarios. See the "Verification" section in Remarks for DynamicMethod.

See also

Applies to

GetILGenerator()

Returns a Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) generator for the method with a default MSIL stream size of 64 bytes.

public:
 System::Reflection::Emit::ILGenerator ^ GetILGenerator();
public System.Reflection.Emit.ILGenerator GetILGenerator ();
member this.GetILGenerator : unit -> System.Reflection.Emit.ILGenerator
Public Function GetILGenerator () As ILGenerator

Returns

ILGenerator

An ILGenerator object for the method.

Examples

The following code example creates a dynamic method that takes two parameters. The example emits a simple function body that prints the first parameter to the console, and the example uses the second parameter as the return value of the method. The example completes the method by creating a delegate, invokes the delegate with different parameters, and finally invokes the dynamic method using the Invoke method.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;

public ref class Test
{   
};

// Declare a delegate that will be used to execute the completed
// dynamic method.
delegate int HelloInvoker(String^ msg, int ret);

int main()
{
    // Create an array that specifies the types of the parameters
    // of the dynamic method. This method has a string parameter
    // and an int parameter.
    array<Type^>^ helloArgs = {String::typeid, int::typeid};

    // Create a dynamic method with the name "Hello", a return type
    // of int, and two parameters whose types are specified by the
    // array helloArgs. Create the method in the module that
    // defines the Test class.
    DynamicMethod^ hello = gcnew DynamicMethod("Hello", 
        int::typeid,
        helloArgs,
        Test::typeid->Module);

    // Create an array that specifies the parameter types of the
    // overload of Console.WriteLine to be used in Hello.
    array<Type^>^ writeStringArgs = {String::typeid};
    // Get the overload of Console.WriteLine that has one
    // String parameter.
    MethodInfo^ writeString =
        Console::typeid->GetMethod("WriteLine", writeStringArgs);

    // Get an ILGenerator and emit a body for the dynamic method.
    ILGenerator^ ilgen = hello->GetILGenerator();
    // Load the first argument, which is a string, onto the stack.
    ilgen->Emit(OpCodes::Ldarg_0);
    // Call the overload of Console.WriteLine that prints a string.
    ilgen->EmitCall(OpCodes::Call, writeString, nullptr);
    // The Hello method returns the value of the second argument;
    // to do this, load the onto the stack and return.
    ilgen->Emit(OpCodes::Ldarg_1);
    ilgen->Emit(OpCodes::Ret);

    // Create a delegate that represents the dynamic method. This
    // action completes the method, and any further attempts to
    // change the method will cause an exception.
    HelloInvoker^ helloDelegate =
        (HelloInvoker^) hello->CreateDelegate(HelloInvoker::typeid);

    // Use the delegate to execute the dynamic method. Save and
    // print the return value.
    int returnValue = helloDelegate("\r\nHello, World!", 42);
    Console::WriteLine("helloDelegate(\"Hello, World!\", 42) returned {0}",
        returnValue);

    // Do it again, with different arguments.
    returnValue = helloDelegate("\r\nHi, Mom!", 5280);
    Console::WriteLine("helloDelegate(\"Hi, Mom!\", 5280) returned {0}",
        returnValue);

    // Create an array of arguments to use with the Invoke method.
    array<Object^>^ delegateArgs = {"\r\nHello, World!", 42};
    // Invoke the dynamic method using the arguments. This is much
    // slower than using the delegate, because you must create an
    // array to contain the arguments, and ValueType arguments
    // must be boxed.
    Object^ returnValueObject = hello->Invoke(nullptr, delegateArgs);
    Console::WriteLine("hello.Invoke returned {0}", returnValueObject);
}
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;
using Microsoft.VisualBasic;

public class Test
{
    // Declare a delegate that will be used to execute the completed
    // dynamic method.
    private delegate int HelloInvoker(string msg, int ret);

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create an array that specifies the types of the parameters
        // of the dynamic method. This method has a string parameter
        // and an int parameter.
        Type[] helloArgs = {typeof(string), typeof(int)};

        // Create a dynamic method with the name "Hello", a return type
        // of int, and two parameters whose types are specified by the
        // array helloArgs. Create the method in the module that
        // defines the Test class.
        DynamicMethod hello = new DynamicMethod("Hello",
            typeof(int),
            helloArgs,
            typeof(Test).Module);

        // Create an array that specifies the parameter types of the
        // overload of Console.WriteLine to be used in Hello.
        Type[] writeStringArgs = {typeof(string)};
        // Get the overload of Console.WriteLine that has one
        // String parameter.
        MethodInfo writeString =
            typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", writeStringArgs);

        // Get an ILGenerator and emit a body for the dynamic method.
        ILGenerator il = hello.GetILGenerator();
        // Load the first argument, which is a string, onto the stack.
        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
        // Call the overload of Console.WriteLine that prints a string.
        il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, writeString, null);
        // The Hello method returns the value of the second argument;
        // to do this, load the onto the stack and return.
        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

        // Create a delegate that represents the dynamic method. This
        // action completes the method, and any further attempts to
        // change the method will cause an exception.
        HelloInvoker hi =
            (HelloInvoker) hello.CreateDelegate(typeof(HelloInvoker));

        // Use the delegate to execute the dynamic method. Save and
        // print the return value.
        int retval = hi("\r\nHello, World!", 42);
        Console.WriteLine("Executing delegate hi(\"Hello, World!\", 42) returned {0}",
            retval);

        // Do it again, with different arguments.
        retval = hi("\r\nHi, Mom!", 5280);
        Console.WriteLine("Executing delegate hi(\"Hi, Mom!\", 5280) returned {0}",
            retval);

        // Create an array of arguments to use with the Invoke method.
        object[] invokeArgs = {"\r\nHello, World!", 42};
        // Invoke the dynamic method using the arguments. This is much
        // slower than using the delegate, because you must create an
        // array to contain the arguments, and ValueType arguments
        // must be boxed.
        object objRet = hello.Invoke(null, invokeArgs);
        Console.WriteLine("hello.Invoke returned {0}", objRet);
    }
}
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

Public Class Test
    ' Declare a delegate that will be used to execute the completed
    ' dynamic method. 
    Private Delegate Function HelloInvoker(ByVal msg As String, _
        ByVal ret As Integer) As Integer

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create an array that specifies the types of the parameters
        ' of the dynamic method. This method has a String parameter
        ' and an Integer parameter.
        Dim helloArgs() As Type = {GetType(String), GetType(Integer)}

        ' Create a dynamic method with the name "Hello", a return type
        ' of Integer, and two parameters whose types are specified by
        ' the array helloArgs. Create the method in the module that
        ' defines the Test class.
        Dim hello As New DynamicMethod("Hello", _
            GetType(Integer), _
            helloArgs, _
            GetType(Test).Module)

        ' Create an array that specifies the parameter types of the
        ' overload of Console.WriteLine to be used in Hello.
        Dim writeStringArgs() As Type = {GetType(String)}
        ' Get the overload of Console.WriteLine that has one
        ' String parameter.
        Dim writeString As MethodInfo = GetType(Console). _
            GetMethod("WriteLine", writeStringArgs) 

        ' Get an ILGenerator and emit a body for the dynamic method.
        Dim il As ILGenerator = hello.GetILGenerator()
        ' Load the first argument, which is a string, onto the stack.
        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
        ' Call the overload of Console.WriteLine that prints a string.
        il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, writeString, Nothing)
        ' The Hello method returns the value of the second argument;
        ' to do this, load the onto the stack and return.
        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)

        ' Create a delegate that represents the dynamic method. This
        ' action completes the method, and any further attempts to
        ' change the method will cause an exception.
    Dim hi As HelloInvoker = _
            hello.CreateDelegate(GetType(HelloInvoker))

        ' Use the delegate to execute the dynamic method. Save and
        ' print the return value.
        Dim retval As Integer = hi(vbCrLf & "Hello, World!", 42)
        Console.WriteLine("Executing delegate hi(""Hello, World!"", 42) returned " _
            & retval)

        ' Do it again, with different arguments.
        retval = hi(vbCrLf & "Hi, Mom!", 5280)
        Console.WriteLine("Executing delegate hi(""Hi, Mom!"", 5280) returned " _
            & retval)

        ' Create an array of arguments to use with the Invoke method.
        Dim invokeArgs() As Object = {vbCrLf & "Hello, World!", 42}
        ' Invoke the dynamic method using the arguments. This is much
        ' slower than using the delegate, because you must create an
        ' array to contain the arguments, and ValueType arguments
        ' must be boxed. Note that this overload of Invoke is 
        ' inherited from MethodBase, and simply calls the more 
        ' complete overload of Invoke.
        Dim objRet As Object = hello.Invoke(Nothing, invokeArgs)
        Console.WriteLine("hello.Invoke returned " & objRet)
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Hello, World!
'Executing delegate hi("Hello, World!", 42) returned 42
'
'Hi, Mom!
'Executing delegate hi("Hi, Mom!", 5280) returned 5280
'
'Hello, World!
'hello.Invoke returned 42
'

Remarks

After a dynamic method has been completed, by calling the CreateDelegate or Invoke method, any further attempt to add MSIL is ignored. No exception is thrown.

Note

There are restrictions on unverifiable code in dynamic methods, even in some full-trust scenarios. See the "Verification" section in Remarks for DynamicMethod.

See also

Applies to