Marshal.SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(SecureString) Marshal.SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(SecureString) Marshal.SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(SecureString) Marshal.SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(SecureString) Method

Definition

Important

This API is not CLS-compliant.

Copies the contents of a managed SecureString object to a block of memory allocated from the unmanaged COM task allocator.

public:
 static IntPtr SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(System::Security::SecureString ^ s);
[System.CLSCompliant(false)]
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
public static IntPtr SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode (System.Security.SecureString s);
static member SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode : System.Security.SecureString -> nativeint
Public Shared Function SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode (s As SecureString) As IntPtr
Parameters
s
SecureString SecureString SecureString SecureString

The managed object to copy.

Returns

The address, in unmanaged memory, where the s parameter was copied to, or 0 if a null object was supplied.

Exceptions

The current computer is not running Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 or later.

Examples

The following example uses the SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode method to marshal and decrypt the contents of a SecureString object to a block of unmanaged memory. It then uses the ZeroFreeCoTaskMemUnicode method to zero out and dispose the unmanaged block.

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security;

class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        IntPtr unmanagedRef = IntPtr.Zero;
        // Ask the user for a password.
        Console.Write("Please enter your password: ");
        SecureString passWord = GetPassword();

        Console.WriteLine("Copying and decrypting the string to unmanaged memory...");
        // Copy the Secure string to unmanaged memory (and decrypt it).
        unmanagedRef = Marshal.SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(passWord);
        passWord.Dispose();
        
        if (unmanagedRef != IntPtr.Zero) {
            Console.WriteLine("Zeroing out unmanaged memory...");
            Marshal.ZeroFreeCoTaskMemUnicode(unmanagedRef);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Done.");
    }

    public static SecureString GetPassword()
    {
        SecureString password = new SecureString();

        // get the first character of the password
        ConsoleKeyInfo nextKey = Console.ReadKey(true);
        while (nextKey.Key != ConsoleKey.Enter) {
            if (nextKey.Key == ConsoleKey.Backspace) {
                if (password.Length > 0) {
                    password.RemoveAt(password.Length - 1);

                    // erase the last * as well
                    Console.Write(nextKey.KeyChar);
                    Console.Write(" ");
                    Console.Write(nextKey.KeyChar);
                }
            }
            else {
                password.AppendChar(nextKey.KeyChar);
                Console.Write("*");
            }

            nextKey = Console.ReadKey(true);
        }

         Console.WriteLine();

         // Lock the password down.
         password.MakeReadOnly();
         return password;
     }
 }
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Please enter your password: **********
//       Copying and decrypting the string to unmanaged memory...
//       Zeroing out unmanaged memory...
//       Done.
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports System.Security

Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        Dim unmanagedRef As IntPtr
        ' Ask the user for a password.
        Console.Write("Please enter your password: ")
        Dim passWord As SecureString = GetPassword()

        Console.WriteLine("Copying and decrypting the string to unmanaged memory...")
        ' Copy the Secure string to unmanaged memory (and decrypt it).
        unmanagedRef = Marshal.SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode(passWord)
        passWord.Dispose()

        If unmanagedRef <> IntPtr.Size Then
            Console.WriteLine("Zeroing out unmanaged memory...")
            Marshal.ZeroFreeCoTaskMemUnicode(unmanagedRef)
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("Done.")
    End Sub

    Function GetPassword() As SecureString
        Dim password As New SecureString()

        ' Get the first character of the password.
        Dim nextKey As ConsoleKeyInfo = Console.ReadKey(True)
        While nextKey.Key <> ConsoleKey.Enter
            If nextKey.Key = ConsoleKey.BackSpace Then
                If password.Length > 0 Then
                    password.RemoveAt(password.Length - 1)

                    ' Erase the last * as well.
                    Console.Write(nextKey.KeyChar)
                    Console.Write(" ")
                    Console.Write(nextKey.KeyChar)
                End If
            Else
                password.AppendChar(nextKey.KeyChar)
                Console.Write("*")
            End If

            nextKey = Console.ReadKey(True)
        End While
        Console.WriteLine()

        ' lock the password down
        password.MakeReadOnly()
        Return password
    End Function
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Please enter your password: **********
'       Copying and decrypting the string to unmanaged memory...
'       Zeroing out unmanaged memory...
'       Done.

Remarks

The SecureStringToCoTaskMemUnicode method is useful for custom marshaling or when mixing managed and unmanaged code. Because this method allocates the unmanaged memory required for a string, always free the memory by calling the ZeroFreeCoTaskMemUnicode method. The characters of the string are copied as Unicode characters.

Notes to Callers

This method is supported only on computers running Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 or later.

Security

SecurityCriticalAttribute
requires full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted or transparent code.

Applies to