Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(String) Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(String) Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(String) Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(String) Method

Definition

Copies the contents of a managed String into unmanaged memory, converting into ANSI format as it copies.

public:
 static IntPtr StringToHGlobalAnsi(System::String ^ s);
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
public static IntPtr StringToHGlobalAnsi (string s);
static member StringToHGlobalAnsi : string -> nativeint
Public Shared Function StringToHGlobalAnsi (s As String) As IntPtr

Parameters

s
String String String String

A managed string to be copied.

Returns

The address, in unmanaged memory, to where s was copied, or 0 if s is null.

Exceptions

The s parameter exceeds the maximum length allowed by the operating system.

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to convert the contents of a managed String class to unmanaged memory and then dispose of the unmanaged memory when done.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

#include <iostream>                                                 // for printf


int main()
{
    // Create a managed string.
    String^ managedString = "Hello unmanaged world (from the managed world).";

    // Marshal the managed string to unmanaged memory.
    char* stringPointer = (char*) Marshal::StringToHGlobalAnsi(managedString ).ToPointer();

    printf("stringPointer = %s\n", stringPointer);

    // Always free the unmanaged string.
    Marshal::FreeHGlobal(IntPtr(stringPointer));

    return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

class MainFunction
{
    static void Main()
    {
    Console.WriteLine("\nStringToGlobalAnsi\n");

    // Create a managed string.
    String  managedString = "I am a managed String";
    Console.WriteLine("1) managedString = " + managedString );

    // Marshal the managed string to unmanaged memory.
    IntPtr stringPointer = (IntPtr)Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(managedString);
    Console.WriteLine("2) stringPointer = {0}", stringPointer );

    // Get the string back from unmanaged memory
    String RetrievedString = Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi( stringPointer);
    Console.WriteLine("3) Retrieved from unmanaged memory = " + RetrievedString );

    // Always free the unmanaged string.
    Marshal.FreeHGlobal(stringPointer);

    // IntPtr handle value is still the same:
    Console.WriteLine("4) stringPointer = " + stringPointer );

    // However, it contains no data after being freed:
    String RetrievedString2 = Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi( stringPointer);
    Console.WriteLine("5) RetrievedString2 = " + RetrievedString2 );
    }
}

Remarks

StringToHGlobalAnsi is useful for custom marshaling or when mixing managed and unmanaged code. Because this method allocates the unmanaged memory required for a string, always free the memory by calling FreeHGlobal. StringToHGlobalAnsi provides the opposite functionality of Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi.

This method copies embedded null characters, and includes a terminating null character.

Security

SecurityCriticalAttribute
requires full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted or transparent code.

Applies to

See also