FileSystemAccessRule FileSystemAccessRule FileSystemAccessRule Constructors

Definition

Overloads

FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using a reference to a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, and a value that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using the name of a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, and a value that describes whether to allow or deny the operation.

FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using a reference to a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, a value that determines how rights are inherited, a value that determines how rights are propagated, and a value that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using the name of a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, a value that determines how rights are inherited, a value that determines how rights are propagated, and a value that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using a reference to a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, and a value that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

public:
 FileSystemAccessRule(System::Security::Principal::IdentityReference ^ identity, System::Security::AccessControl::FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System::Security::AccessControl::AccessControlType type);
public FileSystemAccessRule (System.Security.Principal.IdentityReference identity, System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType type);
new System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule : System.Security.Principal.IdentityReference * System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights * System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType -> System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule

Parameters

identity
IdentityReference IdentityReference IdentityReference

An IdentityReference object that encapsulates a reference to a user account.

fileSystemRights
FileSystemRights FileSystemRights FileSystemRights

One of the FileSystemRights values that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule.

type
AccessControlType AccessControlType AccessControlType

One of the AccessControlType values that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

Exceptions

The identity parameter is not an IdentityReference object.

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the type parameter.

Remarks

Use this constructor to create an access control rule that you can persist using the FileSecurity or DirectorySecurity class. Access control rules define user account rights that determine which actions are allowed or disallowed on computers running Microsoft Windows.

FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using the name of a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, and a value that describes whether to allow or deny the operation.

public:
 FileSystemAccessRule(System::String ^ identity, System::Security::AccessControl::FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System::Security::AccessControl::AccessControlType type);
public FileSystemAccessRule (string identity, System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType type);
new System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule : string * System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights * System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType -> System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule

Parameters

identity
String String String

The name of a user account.

fileSystemRights
FileSystemRights FileSystemRights FileSystemRights

One of the FileSystemRights values that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule.

type
AccessControlType AccessControlType AccessControlType

One of the AccessControlType values that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

Exceptions

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the type parameter.

Examples

The following code example uses the FileSecurity class to add and then remove an access control entry (ACE) from a file. You must supply a valid user or group account to run this example.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;

// Adds an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account.

void AddFileSecurity(String^ fileName, String^ account, 
                        FileSystemRights rights, AccessControlType controlType)
{
    // Get a FileSecurity object that represents the 
    // current security settings.
    FileSecurity^ fSecurity = File::GetAccessControl(fileName);

    // Add the FileSystemAccessRule to the security settings. 
    fSecurity->AddAccessRule(gcnew FileSystemAccessRule
                                   (account,rights, controlType));

    // Set the new access settings.
    File::SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity);
}

// Removes an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account.

void RemoveFileSecurity(String^ fileName, String^ account, 
                        FileSystemRights rights, AccessControlType controlType)
{

    // Get a FileSecurity object that represents the 
    // current security settings.
    FileSecurity^ fSecurity = File::GetAccessControl(fileName);

    // Remove the FileSystemAccessRule from the security settings. 
    fSecurity->RemoveAccessRule(gcnew FileSystemAccessRule
                                      (account,rights, controlType));

    // Set the new access settings.
    File::SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity);
}

int main()
{
    try
    {
        String^ fileName = "test.xml";

        Console::WriteLine("Adding access control entry for " + fileName);

        // Add the access control entry to the file.
        AddFileSecurity(fileName, "MYDOMAIN\\MyAccount", 
            FileSystemRights::ReadData, AccessControlType::Allow);

        Console::WriteLine("Removing access control entry from " + fileName);

        // Remove the access control entry from the file.
        RemoveFileSecurity(fileName, "MYDOMAIN\\MyAccount", 
            FileSystemRights::ReadData, AccessControlType::Allow);

        Console::WriteLine("Done.");
    }
    catch (Exception^ ex)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(ex->Message);
    }
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

namespace FileSystemExample
{
    class FileExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                string fileName = "test.xml";

                Console.WriteLine("Adding access control entry for "
                    + fileName);

                // Add the access control entry to the file.
                AddFileSecurity(fileName, @"DomainName\AccountName",
                    FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow);

                Console.WriteLine("Removing access control entry from "
                    + fileName);

                // Remove the access control entry from the file.
                RemoveFileSecurity(fileName, @"DomainName\AccountName",
                    FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow);

                Console.WriteLine("Done.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e);
            }
        }

        // Adds an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account.
        public static void AddFileSecurity(string fileName, string account,
            FileSystemRights rights, AccessControlType controlType)
        {


            // Get a FileSecurity object that represents the
            // current security settings.
            FileSecurity fSecurity = File.GetAccessControl(fileName);

            // Add the FileSystemAccessRule to the security settings.
            fSecurity.AddAccessRule(new FileSystemAccessRule(account,
                rights, controlType));

            // Set the new access settings.
            File.SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity);

        }

        // Removes an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account.
        public static void RemoveFileSecurity(string fileName, string account,
            FileSystemRights rights, AccessControlType controlType)
        {

            // Get a FileSecurity object that represents the
            // current security settings.
            FileSecurity fSecurity = File.GetAccessControl(fileName);

            // Remove the FileSystemAccessRule from the security settings.
            fSecurity.RemoveAccessRule(new FileSystemAccessRule(account,
                rights, controlType));

            // Set the new access settings.
            File.SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity);

        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.AccessControl



Module FileExample

    Sub Main()
        Try
            Dim fileName As String = "test.xml"

            Console.WriteLine("Adding access control entry for " & fileName)

            ' Add the access control entry to the file.
            AddFileSecurity(fileName, "DomainName\AccountName", _
                FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow)

            Console.WriteLine("Removing access control entry from " & fileName)

            ' Remove the access control entry from the file.
            RemoveFileSecurity(fileName, "DomainName\AccountName", _
                FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow)

            Console.WriteLine("Done.")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try

    End Sub


    ' Adds an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account.
    Sub AddFileSecurity(ByVal fileName As String, ByVal account As String, _
        ByVal rights As FileSystemRights, ByVal controlType As AccessControlType)
  
        ' Get a FileSecurity object that represents the 
        ' current security settings.
        Dim fSecurity As FileSecurity = File.GetAccessControl(fileName)

        ' Add the FileSystemAccessRule to the security settings. 
        Dim accessRule As FileSystemAccessRule = _
            New FileSystemAccessRule(account, rights, controlType)

        fSecurity.AddAccessRule(accessRule)

        ' Set the new access settings.
        File.SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity)

    End Sub


    ' Removes an ACL entry on the specified file for the specified account.
    Sub RemoveFileSecurity(ByVal fileName As String, ByVal account As String, _
        ByVal rights As FileSystemRights, ByVal controlType As AccessControlType)

        ' Get a FileSecurity object that represents the 
        ' current security settings.
        Dim fSecurity As FileSecurity = File.GetAccessControl(fileName)

        ' Remove the FileSystemAccessRule from the security settings. 
        fSecurity.RemoveAccessRule(New FileSystemAccessRule(account, _
            rights, controlType))

        ' Set the new access settings.
        File.SetAccessControl(fileName, fSecurity)

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

Use this constructor to create an access control rule that you can persist using the FileSecurity or DirectorySecurity class. Access control rules define user account rights that determine which actions are allowed or disallowed on computers running Microsoft Windows.

The identity parameter must identify a valid account on the current computer or domain. The string takes the following form, where DOMAIN is the name of a valid domain or computer name and account is the name of a valid user account on a domain or computer: DOMAIN\account.

FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(IdentityReference, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using a reference to a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, a value that determines how rights are inherited, a value that determines how rights are propagated, and a value that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

public:
 FileSystemAccessRule(System::Security::Principal::IdentityReference ^ identity, System::Security::AccessControl::FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System::Security::AccessControl::InheritanceFlags inheritanceFlags, System::Security::AccessControl::PropagationFlags propagationFlags, System::Security::AccessControl::AccessControlType type);
public FileSystemAccessRule (System.Security.Principal.IdentityReference identity, System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System.Security.AccessControl.InheritanceFlags inheritanceFlags, System.Security.AccessControl.PropagationFlags propagationFlags, System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType type);
new System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule : System.Security.Principal.IdentityReference * System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights * System.Security.AccessControl.InheritanceFlags * System.Security.AccessControl.PropagationFlags * System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType -> System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule

Parameters

identity
IdentityReference IdentityReference IdentityReference

An IdentityReference object that encapsulates a reference to a user account.

fileSystemRights
FileSystemRights FileSystemRights FileSystemRights

One of the FileSystemRights values that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule.

inheritanceFlags
InheritanceFlags InheritanceFlags InheritanceFlags

One of the InheritanceFlags values that specifies how access masks are propagated to child objects.

propagationFlags
PropagationFlags PropagationFlags PropagationFlags

One of the PropagationFlags values that specifies how Access Control Entries (ACEs) are propagated to child objects.

type
AccessControlType AccessControlType AccessControlType

One of the AccessControlType values that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

Exceptions

The identity parameter is not an IdentityReference object.

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the type parameter.

-or-

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the inheritanceFlags parameter.

-or-

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the propagationFlags parameter.

Remarks

Use this constructor to create an access control rule that you can persist using the FileSecurity or DirectorySecurity class. Access control rules define user account rights that determine which actions are allowed or disallowed on computers running Microsoft Windows.

FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType) FileSystemAccessRule(String, FileSystemRights, InheritanceFlags, PropagationFlags, AccessControlType)

Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemAccessRule class using the name of a user account, a value that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule, a value that determines how rights are inherited, a value that determines how rights are propagated, and a value that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

public:
 FileSystemAccessRule(System::String ^ identity, System::Security::AccessControl::FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System::Security::AccessControl::InheritanceFlags inheritanceFlags, System::Security::AccessControl::PropagationFlags propagationFlags, System::Security::AccessControl::AccessControlType type);
public FileSystemAccessRule (string identity, System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights fileSystemRights, System.Security.AccessControl.InheritanceFlags inheritanceFlags, System.Security.AccessControl.PropagationFlags propagationFlags, System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType type);
new System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule : string * System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemRights * System.Security.AccessControl.InheritanceFlags * System.Security.AccessControl.PropagationFlags * System.Security.AccessControl.AccessControlType -> System.Security.AccessControl.FileSystemAccessRule

Parameters

identity
String String String

The name of a user account.

fileSystemRights
FileSystemRights FileSystemRights FileSystemRights

One of the FileSystemRights values that specifies the type of operation associated with the access rule.

inheritanceFlags
InheritanceFlags InheritanceFlags InheritanceFlags

One of the InheritanceFlags values that specifies how access masks are propagated to child objects.

propagationFlags
PropagationFlags PropagationFlags PropagationFlags

One of the PropagationFlags values that specifies how Access Control Entries (ACEs) are propagated to child objects.

type
AccessControlType AccessControlType AccessControlType

One of the AccessControlType values that specifies whether to allow or deny the operation.

Exceptions

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the type parameter.

-or-

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the inheritanceFlags parameter.

-or-

An incorrect enumeration was passed to the propagationFlags parameter.

Remarks

Use this constructor to create an access control rule that you can persist using the FileSecurity or DirectorySecurity class. Access control rules define user account rights that determine which actions are allowed or disallowed on computers running Microsoft Windows.

The identity parameter must identify a valid account on the current computer or domain. The string takes the following form, where DOMAIN is the name of a valid domain or computer name and account is the name of a valid user account on a domain or computer: DOMAIN\account.

Applies to