EncryptedXml.EncryptData EncryptedXml.EncryptData EncryptedXml.EncryptData EncryptedXml.EncryptData Method

Definition

Encrypts XML data using a symmetric algorithm.

Overloads

EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm) EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm) EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm) EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm)

Encrypts data in the specified byte array using the specified symmetric algorithm.

EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean) EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean) EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean) EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean)

Encrypts the specified element or its contents using the specified symmetric algorithm.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using a symmetric key. This example does not include any key information in the encrypted XML document.

#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, Alg, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
   // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
   String^ encryptionMethod = nullptr;
   if ( dynamic_cast<TripleDES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<DES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<Rijndael^>(Alg) )
   {
      switch ( Alg->KeySize )
      {
         case 128:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES128Url;
            break;

         case 192:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES192Url;
            break;

         case 256:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url;
            break;
      }
   }
   else
   {

      // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
      throw gcnew CryptographicException( L"The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption." );
   }



   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( encryptionMethod );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
   XmlElement^ encryptedElement = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( L"EncryptedData" )->Item( 0 ));

   // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
   if ( encryptedElement == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The EncryptedData element was not found." );
   }


   // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->LoadXml( encryptedElement );

   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml;

   // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
   array<Byte>^rgbOutput = exml->DecryptData( edElement, Alg );

   // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
   exml->ReplaceData( encryptedElement, rgbOutput );
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new TripleDES key.
   TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESkey = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", tDESkey );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, tDESkey );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the TripleDES key.
      tDESkey->Clear();
   }

}

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new TripleDES key. 
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESkey = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.

        string encryptionMethod = null;

        if (Alg is TripleDES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is DES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is Rijndael)
        {
            switch (Alg.KeySize)
            {
                case 128:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url;
                    break;
                case 192:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url;
                    break;
                case 256:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url;
                    break;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            throw new CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.");
        }

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod);

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        XmlElement encryptedElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        if (encryptedElement == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.");
        }

        // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement);

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml();

        // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        byte[] rgbOutput = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg);

        // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput);

    }


}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new TripleDES key. 
        Dim tDESkey As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, Alg, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        ' Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        ' supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
        Dim encryptionMethod As String = Nothing

        If TypeOf Alg Is TripleDES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is DES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is Rijndael Then
            Select Case Alg.KeySize
                Case 128
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url
                Case 192
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url
                Case 256
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url
            End Select
        Else
            ' Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            Throw New CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.")
        End If

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod)

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ' Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        Dim encryptedElement As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")(0)

        ' If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        If encryptedElement Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.")
        End If

        ' Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement)

        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml()

        ' Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        Dim rgbOutput As Byte() = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg)

        ' Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput)

    End Sub
End Module

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using a symmetric key. This example embeds a key name in the encrypted XML document that the decrypting method uses to find the appropriate decryption key.

#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, Alg, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
   // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
   String^ encryptionMethod = nullptr;
   if ( dynamic_cast<TripleDES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<DES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<Rijndael^>(Alg) )
   {
      switch ( Alg->KeySize )
      {
         case 128:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES128Url;
            break;

         case 192:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES192Url;
            break;

         case 256:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url;
            break;
      }
   }
   else
   {

      // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
      throw gcnew CryptographicException( L"The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption." );
   }



   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( encryptionMethod );

   // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
   // name of a key.
   // Create a new KeyInfo element.
   edElement->KeyInfo = gcnew KeyInfo;

   // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
   KeyInfoName^ kin = gcnew KeyInfoName;

   // Specify a name for the key.
   kin->Value = KeyName;

   // Add the KeyInfoName element.
   edElement->KeyInfo->AddClause( kin );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );

   if ( KeyName == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"KeyName" );


   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml( Doc );

   // Add a key-name mapping.
   // This method can only decrypt documents
   // that present the specified key name.
   exml->AddKeyNameMapping( KeyName, Alg );

   // Decrypt the element.
   exml->DecryptDocument();
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new TripleDES key.
   TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESkey = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", tDESkey, L"tDESKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, tDESkey, L"tDESKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the TripleDES key.
      tDESkey->Clear();
   }
   return 1;
}
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new TripleDES key. 
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESkey = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey, "tDESKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey, "tDESKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.

        string encryptionMethod = null;

        if (Alg is TripleDES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is DES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is Rijndael)
        {
            switch (Alg.KeySize)
            {
                case 128:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url;
                    break;
                case 192:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url;
                    break;
                case 256:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url;
                    break;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            throw new CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.");
        }

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of a key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }


}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new TripleDES key. 
        Dim tDESkey As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey, "tDESKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey, "tDESKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)
 

        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, Alg, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        ' Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        ' supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
        Dim encryptionMethod As String = Nothing

        If TypeOf Alg Is TripleDES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is DES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is Rijndael Then
            Select Case Alg.KeySize
                Case 128
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url
                Case 192
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url
                Case 256
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url
            End Select
        Else
            ' Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            Throw New CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.")
        End If

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of a key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub
End Module

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using an asymmetric key. This example creates a symmetric session key to encrypt the document and then uses the asymmetric key to embed an encrypted version of the session key into the XML document.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, RSA^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // a new random symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
   RijndaelManaged^ sessionKey = gcnew RijndaelManaged;
   sessionKey->KeySize = 256;
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url );

   // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
   EncryptedKey^ ek = gcnew EncryptedKey;
   array<Byte>^encryptedKey = EncryptedXml::EncryptKey( sessionKey->Key, Alg, false );
   ek->CipherData = gcnew CipherData( encryptedKey );
   ek->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( EncryptedXml::XmlEncRSA15Url );

   // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
   // name of the RSA key.
   // Create a new KeyInfo element.
   edElement->KeyInfo = gcnew KeyInfo;

   // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
   KeyInfoName^ kin = gcnew KeyInfoName;

   // Specify a name for the key.
   kin->Value = KeyName;

   // Add the KeyInfoName element to the
   // EncryptedKey object.
   ek->KeyInfo->AddClause( kin );

   // Add the encrypted key to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->KeyInfo->AddClause( gcnew KeyInfoEncryptedKey( ek ) );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, RSA^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );

   if ( KeyName == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"KeyName" );


   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml( Doc );

   // Add a key-name mapping.
   // This method can only decrypt documents
   // that present the specified key name.
   exml->AddKeyNameMapping( KeyName, Alg );

   // Decrypt the element.
   exml->DecryptDocument();
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
   // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.
   RSA^ rsaKey = gcnew RSACryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", rsaKey, L"rsaKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
	  xmlDoc->Save( L"test.xml" );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, rsaKey, L"rsaKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
	  xmlDoc->Save( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the RSA key.
      rsaKey->Clear();
   }

   return 1;
}
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml");

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the 
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }

}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey = New RSACryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml")

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)

        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        Dim sessionKey As New RijndaelManaged()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub
End Module

EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm) EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm) EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm) EncryptData(Byte[], SymmetricAlgorithm)

Encrypts data in the specified byte array using the specified symmetric algorithm.

public:
 cli::array <System::Byte> ^ EncryptData(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ plainText, System::Security::Cryptography::SymmetricAlgorithm ^ symAlg);
public byte[] EncryptData (byte[] plainText, System.Security.Cryptography.SymmetricAlgorithm symAlg);
member this.EncryptData : byte[] * System.Security.Cryptography.SymmetricAlgorithm -> byte[]
Public Function EncryptData (plainText As Byte(), symAlg As SymmetricAlgorithm) As Byte()

Parameters

plaintext
Byte[]

The data to encrypt.

symmetricAlgorithm
SymmetricAlgorithm SymmetricAlgorithm SymmetricAlgorithm SymmetricAlgorithm

The symmetric algorithm to use for encryption.

Returns

Byte[]

A byte array of encrypted data.

Exceptions

The value of the plaintext parameter is null.

-or-

The value of the symmetricAlgorithm parameter is null.

The data could not be encrypted using the specified parameters.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using a symmetric key. This example does not include any key information in the encrypted XML document.

#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, Alg, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
   // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
   String^ encryptionMethod = nullptr;
   if ( dynamic_cast<TripleDES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<DES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<Rijndael^>(Alg) )
   {
      switch ( Alg->KeySize )
      {
         case 128:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES128Url;
            break;

         case 192:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES192Url;
            break;

         case 256:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url;
            break;
      }
   }
   else
   {

      // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
      throw gcnew CryptographicException( L"The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption." );
   }



   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( encryptionMethod );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
   XmlElement^ encryptedElement = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( L"EncryptedData" )->Item( 0 ));

   // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
   if ( encryptedElement == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The EncryptedData element was not found." );
   }


   // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->LoadXml( encryptedElement );

   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml;

   // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
   array<Byte>^rgbOutput = exml->DecryptData( edElement, Alg );

   // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
   exml->ReplaceData( encryptedElement, rgbOutput );
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new TripleDES key.
   TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESkey = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", tDESkey );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, tDESkey );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the TripleDES key.
      tDESkey->Clear();
   }

}

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new TripleDES key. 
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESkey = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.

        string encryptionMethod = null;

        if (Alg is TripleDES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is DES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is Rijndael)
        {
            switch (Alg.KeySize)
            {
                case 128:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url;
                    break;
                case 192:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url;
                    break;
                case 256:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url;
                    break;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            throw new CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.");
        }

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod);

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        XmlElement encryptedElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        if (encryptedElement == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.");
        }

        // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement);

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml();

        // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        byte[] rgbOutput = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg);

        // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput);

    }


}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new TripleDES key. 
        Dim tDESkey As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, Alg, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        ' Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        ' supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
        Dim encryptionMethod As String = Nothing

        If TypeOf Alg Is TripleDES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is DES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is Rijndael Then
            Select Case Alg.KeySize
                Case 128
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url
                Case 192
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url
                Case 256
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url
            End Select
        Else
            ' Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            Throw New CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.")
        End If

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod)

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ' Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        Dim encryptedElement As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")(0)

        ' If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        If encryptedElement Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.")
        End If

        ' Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement)

        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml()

        ' Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        Dim rgbOutput As Byte() = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg)

        ' Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput)

    End Sub
End Module

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using a symmetric key. This example embeds a key name in the encrypted XML document that the decrypting method uses to find the appropriate decryption key.

#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, Alg, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
   // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
   String^ encryptionMethod = nullptr;
   if ( dynamic_cast<TripleDES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<DES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<Rijndael^>(Alg) )
   {
      switch ( Alg->KeySize )
      {
         case 128:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES128Url;
            break;

         case 192:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES192Url;
            break;

         case 256:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url;
            break;
      }
   }
   else
   {

      // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
      throw gcnew CryptographicException( L"The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption." );
   }



   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( encryptionMethod );

   // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
   // name of a key.
   // Create a new KeyInfo element.
   edElement->KeyInfo = gcnew KeyInfo;

   // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
   KeyInfoName^ kin = gcnew KeyInfoName;

   // Specify a name for the key.
   kin->Value = KeyName;

   // Add the KeyInfoName element.
   edElement->KeyInfo->AddClause( kin );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );

   if ( KeyName == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"KeyName" );


   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml( Doc );

   // Add a key-name mapping.
   // This method can only decrypt documents
   // that present the specified key name.
   exml->AddKeyNameMapping( KeyName, Alg );

   // Decrypt the element.
   exml->DecryptDocument();
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new TripleDES key.
   TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESkey = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", tDESkey, L"tDESKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, tDESkey, L"tDESKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the TripleDES key.
      tDESkey->Clear();
   }
   return 1;
}
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new TripleDES key. 
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESkey = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey, "tDESKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey, "tDESKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.

        string encryptionMethod = null;

        if (Alg is TripleDES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is DES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is Rijndael)
        {
            switch (Alg.KeySize)
            {
                case 128:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url;
                    break;
                case 192:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url;
                    break;
                case 256:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url;
                    break;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            throw new CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.");
        }

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of a key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }


}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new TripleDES key. 
        Dim tDESkey As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey, "tDESKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey, "tDESKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)
 

        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, Alg, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        ' Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        ' supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
        Dim encryptionMethod As String = Nothing

        If TypeOf Alg Is TripleDES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is DES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is Rijndael Then
            Select Case Alg.KeySize
                Case 128
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url
                Case 192
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url
                Case 256
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url
            End Select
        Else
            ' Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            Throw New CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.")
        End If

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of a key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub
End Module

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using an asymmetric key. This example creates a symmetric session key to encrypt the document and then uses the asymmetric key to embed an encrypted version of the session key into the XML document.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, RSA^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // a new random symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
   RijndaelManaged^ sessionKey = gcnew RijndaelManaged;
   sessionKey->KeySize = 256;
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url );

   // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
   EncryptedKey^ ek = gcnew EncryptedKey;
   array<Byte>^encryptedKey = EncryptedXml::EncryptKey( sessionKey->Key, Alg, false );
   ek->CipherData = gcnew CipherData( encryptedKey );
   ek->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( EncryptedXml::XmlEncRSA15Url );

   // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
   // name of the RSA key.
   // Create a new KeyInfo element.
   edElement->KeyInfo = gcnew KeyInfo;

   // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
   KeyInfoName^ kin = gcnew KeyInfoName;

   // Specify a name for the key.
   kin->Value = KeyName;

   // Add the KeyInfoName element to the
   // EncryptedKey object.
   ek->KeyInfo->AddClause( kin );

   // Add the encrypted key to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->KeyInfo->AddClause( gcnew KeyInfoEncryptedKey( ek ) );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, RSA^ Alg, String^ KeyName )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );

   if ( KeyName == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"KeyName" );


   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml( Doc );

   // Add a key-name mapping.
   // This method can only decrypt documents
   // that present the specified key name.
   exml->AddKeyNameMapping( KeyName, Alg );

   // Decrypt the element.
   exml->DecryptDocument();
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
   // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.
   RSA^ rsaKey = gcnew RSACryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", rsaKey, L"rsaKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
	  xmlDoc->Save( L"test.xml" );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, rsaKey, L"rsaKey" );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
	  xmlDoc->Save( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the RSA key.
      rsaKey->Clear();
   }

   return 1;
}
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml");

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml");

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the 
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }

}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey = New RSACryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml")

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
            xmlDoc.Save("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)

        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        Dim sessionKey As New RijndaelManaged()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

The returned byte array can be placed into a <CipherValue> element. This method assumes that the data specified in the plaintext parameter is a byte array that contains XML data.

EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean) EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean) EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean) EncryptData(XmlElement, SymmetricAlgorithm, Boolean)

Encrypts the specified element or its contents using the specified symmetric algorithm.

public:
 cli::array <System::Byte> ^ EncryptData(System::Xml::XmlElement ^ inputElement, System::Security::Cryptography::SymmetricAlgorithm ^ symAlg, bool content);
public byte[] EncryptData (System.Xml.XmlElement inputElement, System.Security.Cryptography.SymmetricAlgorithm symAlg, bool content);
member this.EncryptData : System.Xml.XmlElement * System.Security.Cryptography.SymmetricAlgorithm * bool -> byte[]
Public Function EncryptData (inputElement As XmlElement, symAlg As SymmetricAlgorithm, content As Boolean) As Byte()

Parameters

inputElement
XmlElement XmlElement XmlElement XmlElement

The element or its contents to encrypt.

symmetricAlgorithm
SymmetricAlgorithm SymmetricAlgorithm SymmetricAlgorithm SymmetricAlgorithm

The symmetric algorithm to use for encryption.

content
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to encrypt only the contents of the element; false to encrypt the entire element.

Returns

Byte[]

A byte array that contains the encrypted data.

Exceptions

The value of the inputElement parameter is null.

-or-

The value of the symmetricAlgorithm parameter is null.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to encrypt an XML document using a symmetric key. This example does not include any key information in the encrypted XML document.

#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
static void Encrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, String^ ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( ElementToEncrypt == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"ElementToEncrypt" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
   // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   XmlElement^ elementToEncrypt = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( ElementToEncrypt )->Item( 0 ));

   // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
   if ( elementToEncrypt == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The specified element was not found" );
   }


   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class
   // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the
   // symmetric key.
   //////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml^ eXml = gcnew EncryptedXml;
   array<Byte>^encryptedElement = eXml->EncryptData( elementToEncrypt, Alg, false );

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
   // it with the desired encryption information.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->Type = EncryptedXml::XmlEncElementUrl;

   // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the
   // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
   // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
   // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
   String^ encryptionMethod = nullptr;
   if ( dynamic_cast<TripleDES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<DES^>(Alg) )
   {
      encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncDESUrl;
   }
   else
   if ( dynamic_cast<Rijndael^>(Alg) )
   {
      switch ( Alg->KeySize )
      {
         case 128:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES128Url;
            break;

         case 192:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES192Url;
            break;

         case 256:
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml::XmlEncAES256Url;
            break;
      }
   }
   else
   {

      // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
      throw gcnew CryptographicException( L"The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption." );
   }



   edElement->EncryptionMethod = gcnew EncryptionMethod( encryptionMethod );

   // Add the encrypted element data to the
   // EncryptedData object.
   edElement->CipherData->CipherValue = encryptedElement;

   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
   // object with the EncryptedData element.
   ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   EncryptedXml::ReplaceElement( elementToEncrypt, edElement, false );
}

static void Decrypt( XmlDocument^ Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm^ Alg )
{

   // Check the arguments.
   if ( Doc == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Doc" );

   if ( Alg == nullptr )
      throw gcnew ArgumentNullException( L"Alg" );


   // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
   XmlElement^ encryptedElement = dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(Doc->GetElementsByTagName( L"EncryptedData" )->Item( 0 ));

   // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
   if ( encryptedElement == nullptr )
   {
      throw gcnew XmlException( L"The EncryptedData element was not found." );
   }


   // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
   EncryptedData^ edElement = gcnew EncryptedData;
   edElement->LoadXml( encryptedElement );

   // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
   EncryptedXml^ exml = gcnew EncryptedXml;

   // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
   array<Byte>^rgbOutput = exml->DecryptData( edElement, Alg );

   // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
   exml->ReplaceData( encryptedElement, rgbOutput );
}

int main()
{

   // Create an XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
   try
   {
      xmlDoc->PreserveWhitespace = true;
      xmlDoc->Load( L"test.xml" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      return 0;
   }


   // Create a new TripleDES key.
   TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider^ tDESkey = gcnew TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider;
   try
   {

      // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Encrypt( xmlDoc, L"creditcard", tDESkey );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Encrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );

      // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
      Decrypt( xmlDoc, tDESkey );

      // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( L"Decrypted XML:" );
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( xmlDoc->OuterXml );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }
   finally
   {

      // Clear the TripleDES key.
      tDESkey->Clear();
   }

}

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            return;
        }

        // Create a new TripleDES key. 
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tDESkey = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey);

            // Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, Alg, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        // Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        // supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.

        string encryptionMethod = null;

        if (Alg is TripleDES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is DES)
        {
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl;
        }
        else if (Alg is Rijndael)
        {
            switch (Alg.KeySize)
            {
                case 128:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url;
                    break;
                case 192:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url;
                    break;
                case 256:
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url;
                    break;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            throw new CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.");
        }

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod);

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, SymmetricAlgorithm Alg)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        // Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        XmlElement encryptedElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        if (encryptedElement == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.");
        }

        // Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement);

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml();

        // Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        byte[] rgbOutput = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg);

        // Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput);

    }


}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            Return
        End Try

        ' Create a new TripleDES key. 
        Dim tDESkey As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine("Encrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, tDESkey)

            ' Display the encrypted XML to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Decrypted XML:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.OuterXml)
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the TripleDES key.
            tDESkey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncrypt As String, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If ElementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' symmetric key.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementEncrypt, Alg, False)

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        ' Determine what kind of algorithm is being used and
        ' supply the appropriate URL to the EncryptionMethod element.
        Dim encryptionMethod As String = Nothing

        If TypeOf Alg Is TripleDES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncTripleDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is DES Then
            encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncDESUrl
        ElseIf TypeOf Alg Is Rijndael Then
            Select Case Alg.KeySize
                Case 128
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES128Url
                Case 192
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES192Url
                Case 256
                    encryptionMethod = EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url
            End Select
        Else
            ' Throw an exception if the transform is not in the previous categories
            Throw New CryptographicException("The specified algorithm is not supported for XML Encryption.")
        End If

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(encryptionMethod)

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As SymmetricAlgorithm)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ' Find the EncryptedData element in the XmlDocument.
        Dim encryptedElement As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")(0)

        ' If the EncryptedData element was not found, throw an exception.
        If encryptedElement Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The EncryptedData element was not found.")
        End If

        ' Create an EncryptedData object and populate it.
        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.LoadXml(encryptedElement)

        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml()

        ' Decrypt the element using the symmetric key.
        Dim rgbOutput As Byte() = exml.DecryptData(edElement, Alg)

        ' Replace the encryptedData element with the plaintext XML element.
        exml.ReplaceData(encryptedElement, rgbOutput)

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

The returned byte array data is the value of the <CipherValue> element.

Applies to