SignedXml.XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl SignedXml.XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl SignedXml.XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl SignedXml.XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl Field

Definition

Represents the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for exclusive XML canonicalization. This field is constant.

public: System::String ^ XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl;
public const string XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl;
val mutable XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl : string
Public Const XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl As String 

Field Value

Examples

The following code example shows how to sign and verify an XML document using the XmlDsigExcC14NTransform class. This sample creates an envelope signature.

//
// This example signs an XML file using an
// envelope signature. It then verifies the 
// signed XML.
//
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Xml;

// Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
static void SignXmlFile( String^ FileName, String^ SignedFileName, RSA^ Key )
{
   
   // Create a new XML document.
   XmlDocument^ doc = gcnew XmlDocument;
   
   // Format the document to ignore white spaces.
   doc->PreserveWhitespace = false;
   
   // Load the passed XML file using it's name.
   doc->Load( gcnew XmlTextReader( FileName ) );
   
   // Create a SignedXml object.
   SignedXml^ signedXml = gcnew SignedXml( doc );
   
   // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
   signedXml->SigningKey = Key;
   
   // Specify a canonicalization method.
   signedXml->SignedInfo->CanonicalizationMethod = SignedXml::XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl;
   
   // Set the InclusiveNamespacesPrefixList property.        
   XmlDsigExcC14NTransform^ canMethod = dynamic_cast<XmlDsigExcC14NTransform^>(signedXml->SignedInfo->CanonicalizationMethodObject);
   canMethod->InclusiveNamespacesPrefixList = L"Sign";
   
   // Create a reference to be signed.
   Reference^ reference = gcnew Reference;
   reference->Uri = L"";
   
   // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
   XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform^ env = gcnew XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform;
   reference->AddTransform( env );
   
   // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
   signedXml->AddReference( reference );
   
   // Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
   KeyInfo^ keyInfo = gcnew KeyInfo;
   keyInfo->AddClause( gcnew RSAKeyValue( dynamic_cast<RSA^>(Key) ) );
   signedXml->KeyInfo = keyInfo;
   
   // Compute the signature.
   signedXml->ComputeSignature();
   
   // Get the XML representation of the signature and save
   // it to an XmlElement object.
   XmlElement^ xmlDigitalSignature = signedXml->GetXml();
   
   // Append the element to the XML document.
   doc->DocumentElement->AppendChild( doc->ImportNode( xmlDigitalSignature, true ) );
   if ( dynamic_cast<XmlDeclaration^>(doc->FirstChild) )
   {
      doc->RemoveChild( doc->FirstChild );
   }

   
   // Save the signed XML document to a file specified
   // using the passed string.
   XmlTextWriter^ xmltw = gcnew XmlTextWriter( SignedFileName,gcnew UTF8Encoding( false ) );
   doc->WriteTo( xmltw );
   xmltw->Close();
}


// Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
static Boolean VerifyXmlFile( String^ Name )
{
   
   // Create a new XML document.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDocument = gcnew XmlDocument;
   
   // Format using white spaces.
   xmlDocument->PreserveWhitespace = true;
   
   // Load the passed XML file into the document. 
   xmlDocument->Load( Name );
   
   // Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
   // the XML document class.
   SignedXml^ signedXml = gcnew SignedXml( xmlDocument );
   
   // Find the "Signature" node and create a new
   // XmlNodeList object.
   XmlNodeList^ nodeList = xmlDocument->GetElementsByTagName( L"Signature" );
   
   // Load the signature node.
   signedXml->LoadXml( dynamic_cast<XmlElement^>(nodeList->Item( 0 )) );
   
   // Check the signature and return the result.
   return signedXml->CheckSignature();
}


// Create example data to sign.
static void CreateSomeXml( String^ FileName )
{
   
   // Create a new XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument;
   
   // Create a new XmlNode object.
   XmlNode^ node = document->CreateNode( XmlNodeType::Element, L"", L"MyXML", L"Don't_Sign" );
   
   // Append the node to the document.
   document->AppendChild( node );
   
   // Create a new XmlNode object.
   XmlNode^ subnode = document->CreateNode( XmlNodeType::Element, L"", L"TempElement", L"Sign" );
   
   // Add some text to the node.
   subnode->InnerText = L"Here is some data to sign.";
   
   // Append the node to the document.
   document->DocumentElement->AppendChild( subnode );
   
   // Save the XML document to the file name specified.
   XmlTextWriter^ xmltw = gcnew XmlTextWriter( FileName,gcnew UTF8Encoding( false ) );
   document->WriteTo( xmltw );
   xmltw->Close();
}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Generate a signing key.
      RSACryptoServiceProvider^ Key = gcnew RSACryptoServiceProvider;
      
      // Create an XML file to sign.
      CreateSomeXml( L"Example.xml" );
      Console::WriteLine( L"New XML file created." );
      
      // Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
      // new file.
      SignXmlFile( L"Example.xml", L"SignedExample.xml", Key );
      Console::WriteLine( L"XML file signed." );
      
      // Verify the signature of the signed XML.
      Console::WriteLine( L"Verifying signature..." );
      bool result = VerifyXmlFile( L"SignedExample.xml" );
      
      // Display the results of the signature verification to \
      // the console.
      if ( result )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"The XML signature is valid." );
      }
      else
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"The XML signature is not valid." );
      }
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

   return 1;
}

//
// This example signs an XML file using an
// envelope signature. It then verifies the 
// signed XML.
//
using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;

public class SignVerifyEnvelope
{

    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        try
        {
            // Generate a signing key.
            RSACryptoServiceProvider Key = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();

            // Create an XML file to sign.
            CreateSomeXml("Example.xml");
            Console.WriteLine("New XML file created.");

            // Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
            // new file.
            SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Key);
            Console.WriteLine("XML file signed.");

            // Verify the signature of the signed XML.
            Console.WriteLine("Verifying signature...");
            bool result = VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml");

            // Display the results of the signature verification to \
            // the console.
            if (result)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.");
            }

        }
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    // Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
    public static void SignXmlFile(string FileName, string SignedFileName, RSA Key)
    {
        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();

        // Format the document to ignore white spaces.
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = false;

        // Load the passed XML file using it's name.
        doc.Load(new XmlTextReader(FileName));

        // Create a SignedXml object.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(doc);

        // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = Key;

        // Specify a canonicalization method.
        signedXml.SignedInfo.CanonicalizationMethod = SignedXml.XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl;

        // Set the InclusiveNamespacesPrefixList property.        
        XmlDsigExcC14NTransform canMethod = (XmlDsigExcC14NTransform)signedXml.SignedInfo.CanonicalizationMethodObject;
        canMethod.InclusiveNamespacesPrefixList = "Sign";

        // Create a reference to be signed.
        Reference reference = new Reference();
        reference.Uri = "";

        // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform env = new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform();
        reference.AddTransform(env);

        // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference);


        // Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
        KeyInfo keyInfo = new KeyInfo();
        keyInfo.AddClause(new RSAKeyValue((RSA)Key));
        signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo;

        // Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature();

        // Get the XML representation of the signature and save
        // it to an XmlElement object.
        XmlElement xmlDigitalSignature = signedXml.GetXml();

        // Append the element to the XML document.
        doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, true));


        if (doc.FirstChild is XmlDeclaration)
        {
            doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild);
        }

        // Save the signed XML document to a file specified
        // using the passed string.
        XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, new UTF8Encoding(false));
        doc.WriteTo(xmltw);
        xmltw.Close();
    }
    // Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
    public static Boolean VerifyXmlFile(String Name)
    {
        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument xmlDocument = new XmlDocument();

        // Format using white spaces.
        xmlDocument.PreserveWhitespace = true;

        // Load the passed XML file into the document. 
        xmlDocument.Load(Name);

        // Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
        // the XML document class.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(xmlDocument);

        // Find the "Signature" node and create a new
        // XmlNodeList object.
        XmlNodeList nodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature");

        // Load the signature node.
        signedXml.LoadXml((XmlElement)nodeList[0]);

        // Check the signature and return the result.
        return signedXml.CheckSignature();

    }

    // Create example data to sign.
    public static void CreateSomeXml(string FileName)
    {
        // Create a new XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();

        // Create a new XmlNode object.
        XmlNode node = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyXML", "Don't_Sign");

        // Append the node to the document.
        document.AppendChild(node);

        // Create a new XmlNode object.
        XmlNode subnode = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "TempElement", "Sign");

        // Add some text to the node.
        subnode.InnerText = "Here is some data to sign.";

        // Append the node to the document.
        document.DocumentElement.AppendChild(subnode);

        // Save the XML document to the file name specified.
        XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(FileName, new UTF8Encoding(false));
        document.WriteTo(xmltw);
        xmltw.Close();
    }
}
'
' This example signs an XML file using an
' envelope signature. It then verifies the 
' signed XML.
'
Imports System
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Xml



Module SignVerifyEnvelope


    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Try
            ' Generate a signing key.
            Dim Key As New RSACryptoServiceProvider()

            ' Create an XML file to sign.
            CreateSomeXml("Example.xml")
            Console.WriteLine("New XML file created.")

            ' Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
            ' new file.
            SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Key)
            Console.WriteLine("XML file signed.")

            ' Verify the signature of the signed XML.
            Console.WriteLine("Verifying signature...")
            Dim result As Boolean = VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml")

            ' Display the results of the signature verification to 
            ' the console.
            If result Then
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.")
            End If

        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub


    ' Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
    Sub SignXmlFile(ByVal FileName As String, ByVal SignedFileName As String, ByVal Key As RSA)
        ' Create a new XML document.
        Dim doc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Format the document to ignore white spaces.
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = False

        ' Load the passed XML file using it's name.
        doc.Load(New XmlTextReader(FileName))

        ' Create a SignedXml object.
        Dim signedXml As New SignedXml(doc)

        ' Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = Key

        ' Specify a canonicalization method.
        signedXml.SignedInfo.CanonicalizationMethod = signedXml.XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl

        ' Set the InclusiveNamespacesPrefixList property. 
        Dim canMethod As XmlDsigExcC14NTransform = CType(signedXml.SignedInfo.CanonicalizationMethodObject, XmlDsigExcC14NTransform)
        canMethod.InclusiveNamespacesPrefixList = "Sign"

        ' Create a reference to be signed.
        Dim reference As New Reference()
        reference.Uri = ""

        ' Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        Dim env As New XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform()
        reference.AddTransform(env)

        ' Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference)


        ' Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
        Dim keyInfo As New KeyInfo()
        keyInfo.AddClause(New RSAKeyValue(CType(Key, RSA)))
        signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo

        ' Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature()

        ' Get the XML representation of the signature and save
        ' it to an XmlElement object.
        Dim xmlDigitalSignature As XmlElement = signedXml.GetXml()

        ' Append the element to the XML document.
        doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, True))


        If TypeOf doc.FirstChild Is XmlDeclaration Then
            doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild)
        End If

        ' Save the signed XML document to a file specified
        ' using the passed string.
        Dim xmltw As New XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, New UTF8Encoding(False))
        doc.WriteTo(xmltw)
        xmltw.Close()

    End Sub

    ' Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
    Function VerifyXmlFile(ByVal Name As String) As [Boolean]
        ' Create a new XML document.
        Dim xmlDocument As New XmlDocument()

        ' Format using white spaces.
        xmlDocument.PreserveWhitespace = True

        ' Load the passed XML file into the document. 
        xmlDocument.Load(Name)

        ' Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
        ' the XML document class.
        Dim signedXml As New SignedXml(xmlDocument)

        ' Find the "Signature" node and create a new
        ' XmlNodeList object.
        Dim nodeList As XmlNodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature")

        ' Load the signature node.
        signedXml.LoadXml(CType(nodeList(0), XmlElement))

        ' Check the signature and return the result.
        Return signedXml.CheckSignature()

    End Function


    ' Create example data to sign.
    Sub CreateSomeXml(ByVal FileName As String)
        ' Create a new XmlDocument object.
        Dim document As New XmlDocument()

        ' Create a new XmlNode object.
        Dim node As XmlNode = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyXML", "Don't_Sign")

        ' Append the node to the document.
        document.AppendChild(node)

        ' Create a new XmlNode object.
        Dim subnode As XmlNode = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "TempElement", "Sign")

        ' Add some text to the node.
        subnode.InnerText = "Here is some data to sign."

        ' Append the node to the document.
        document.DocumentElement.AppendChild(subnode)

        ' Save the XML document to the file name specified.
        Dim xmltw As New XmlTextWriter(FileName, New UTF8Encoding(False))
        document.WriteTo(xmltw)
        xmltw.Close()

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

The value of the XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl field is "http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#".

Use this field to conveniently supply a value to one of the URI attributes of an element used for XMLDSIG.

The XmlDsigExcC14NTransform class implements the transform described by the XmlDsigExcC14NTransformUrl field.

For more information, see the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specification at http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#.

Applies to