ServiceType Enum

Definition

Represents the type of the service.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

[System.Flags]
public enum ServiceType
Inheritance
ServiceType
Attributes

Fields

Adapter

A service for a hardware device that requires its own driver.

FileSystemDriver

A file system driver, which is also a Kernel device driver.

InteractiveProcess

A service that can communicate with the desktop.

KernelDriver

A Kernel device driver such as a hard disk or other low-level hardware device driver.

RecognizerDriver

A file system driver used during startup to determine the file systems present on the system.

Win32OwnProcess

A Win32 program that can be started by the Service Controller and that obeys the service control protocol. This type of Win32 service runs in a process by itself.

Win32ShareProcess

A Win32 service that can share a process with other Win32 services.

Examples

The following example uses the ServiceController class to display the device driver services on the local computer.

array<ServiceController^>^scDevices = ServiceController::GetDevices();
if ( scDevices->Length )
{
   int numAdapter = 0,numFileSystem = 0,numKernel = 0,numRecognizer = 0;

   // Display the list of device driver services.
   Console::WriteLine(  "Device driver services on the local computer:" );

   for each (ServiceController^ scTemp in scDevices)
   {
      // Display the status and the service name, for example,
      //   [Running] PCI Bus Driver
      //             Type = KernelDriver
      Console::WriteLine(  " [{0}] {1}", scTemp->Status, scTemp->DisplayName );
      Console::WriteLine(  "           Type = {0}", scTemp->ServiceType );

      // Update counters using the service type bit flags.
      if ( (scTemp->ServiceType & ServiceType::Adapter) != (ServiceType)0 )
      {
         numAdapter++;
      }
      if ( (scTemp->ServiceType & ServiceType::FileSystemDriver) != (ServiceType)0 )
      {
         numFileSystem++;
      }
      if ( (scTemp->ServiceType & ServiceType::KernelDriver) != (ServiceType)0 )
      {
         numKernel++;
      }
      if ( (scTemp->ServiceType & ServiceType::RecognizerDriver) != (ServiceType)0 )
      {
         numRecognizer++;
      }
   }
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine(  "Total of {0} device driver services", scDevices->Length.ToString() );
   Console::WriteLine(  "  {0} are adapter drivers", numAdapter.ToString() );
   Console::WriteLine(  "  {0} are file system drivers", numFileSystem.ToString() );
   Console::WriteLine(  "  {0} are kernel drivers", numKernel.ToString() );
   Console::WriteLine(  "  {0} are file system recognizer drivers", numRecognizer.ToString() );
ServiceController[] scDevices;
scDevices = ServiceController.GetDevices();

int numAdapter = 0,
    numFileSystem = 0, 
    numKernel = 0, 
    numRecognizer = 0;

// Display the list of device driver services.
Console.WriteLine("Device driver services on the local computer:");

foreach (ServiceController scTemp in scDevices)
{
   // Display the status and the service name, for example,
   //   [Running] PCI Bus Driver
   //             Type = KernelDriver

   Console.WriteLine(" [{0}] {1}", 
                     scTemp.Status, scTemp.DisplayName);
   Console.WriteLine("           Type = {0}", scTemp.ServiceType); 

   // Update counters using the service type bit flags.
   if ((scTemp.ServiceType & ServiceType.Adapter) != 0)
   {
      numAdapter++;
   } 
   if ((scTemp.ServiceType & ServiceType.FileSystemDriver) != 0)
   {
      numFileSystem++;
   }  
   if ((scTemp.ServiceType & ServiceType.KernelDriver) != 0)
   {
      numKernel++;
   } 
   if ((scTemp.ServiceType & ServiceType.RecognizerDriver) != 0)
   {
      numRecognizer++;
   }

}

Console.WriteLine();
Console.WriteLine("Total of {0} device driver services", scDevices.Length);
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are adapter drivers", numAdapter);
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are file system drivers", numFileSystem);
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are kernel drivers", numKernel);
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are file system recognizer drivers", numRecognizer);


Dim scDevices() As ServiceController
scDevices = ServiceController.GetDevices()

Dim numAdapter As Integer
Dim numFileSystem As Integer
Dim numKernel As Integer
Dim numRecognizer As Integer

' Display the list of device driver services.
Console.WriteLine("Device driver services on the local computer:")

Dim scTemp As ServiceController
For Each scTemp In  scDevices
   ' Display the status and the service name, for example,
   '   [Running] PCI Bus Driver
   '             Type = KernelDriver

   Console.WriteLine(" [{0}] {1}", scTemp.Status, scTemp.DisplayName)
   Console.WriteLine("           Type = {0}", scTemp.ServiceType)

   ' Update counters using the service type bit flags.
   If (scTemp.ServiceType And ServiceType.Adapter) <> 0 Then
      numAdapter = numAdapter + 1
   End If
   If (scTemp.ServiceType And ServiceType.FileSystemDriver) <> 0 Then
      numFileSystem = numFileSystem + 1
   End If
   If (scTemp.ServiceType And ServiceType.KernelDriver) <> 0 Then
      numKernel = numKernel + 1
   End If
   If (scTemp.ServiceType And ServiceType.RecognizerDriver) <> 0 Then
      numRecognizer = numRecognizer + 1
   End If

Next scTemp

Console.WriteLine()
Console.WriteLine("Total of {0} device driver services", scDevices.Length)
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are adapter drivers", numAdapter)
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are file system drivers", numFileSystem)
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are kernel drivers", numKernel)
Console.WriteLine("  {0} are file system recognizer drivers", numRecognizer)

Remarks

The service type indicates how the service is used by the system. The ServiceController that passes commands to the service stores a value for the service type.

The value of a ServiceType instance represents a set of flags combined using the bitwise OR operator.

The creation of interactive services is not supported. To workaround this, you can create a non-interactive service and a separate control GUI application that communicates with the service using sockets or remoting.