Volatile Class

Definition

Contains methods for performing volatile memory operations.

public ref class Volatile abstract sealed
public static class Volatile
type Volatile = class
Public Class Volatile
Inheritance
Volatile

Remarks

On a multiprocessor system, due to performance optimizations in the compiler or processor, regular memory operations may appear to be reordered when multiple processors are operating on the same memory. Volatile memory operations prevent certain types of reordering with respect to the operation. A volatile write operation prevents earlier memory operations from being reordered to occur after the volatile write. A volatile read operation prevents later memory operations from being reordered to occur before the volatile read. These operations might involve memory barriers on some processors, which can affect performance.

Note

  • On a multiprocessor system, a volatile read operation is not guaranteed to obtain the latest value written to that memory location by any processor. Similarly, a volatile write operation does not guarantee that the value written would be immediately visible to other processors.
  • On a uniprocessor system, volatile reads and writes ensure that a value is read or written to memory and not cached (for example, in a processor register). Thus, you can use these operations to synchronize access to a field that can be updated by another thread or by hardware.

Volatile memory operations are for special cases of synchronization, where normal locking is not an acceptable alternative. Under normal circumstances, the C# lock statement, the Visual Basic SyncLock statement, and the Monitor class provide the easiest and least error-prone way of synchronizing access to data, and the Lazy<T> class provides a simple way to write lazy initialization code without directly using double-checked locking.

The Volatile.Read and Volatile.Write methods enable functionality that is not supported in languages. For example:

  • Some languages, such as Visual Basic, do not recognize the concept of volatile memory operations. The Volatile class provides that functionality in such languages.

    Note

    Calling one of these methods affects only a single memory access. To provide effective synchronization for a field, all access to the field must use Volatile.Read and Volatile.Write.

  • In C#, using the volatile modifier on a field guarantees that every access to that field is a volatile memory operation, but the volatile modifier cannot be applied to array elements. The Volatile.Read and Volatile.Write methods can be used on array elements.

Methods

Read(Boolean)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(Byte)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(Double)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(Int16)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(Int32)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(Int64)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(IntPtr)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(SByte)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(Single)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(UInt16)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(UInt32)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(UInt64)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read(UIntPtr)

Reads the value of the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Read<T>(T)

Reads the object reference from the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears after this method in the code, the processor cannot move it before this method.

Write(Boolean, Boolean)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(Byte, Byte)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(Double, Double)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(Int16, Int16)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(Int32, Int32)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(Int64, Int64)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(IntPtr, IntPtr)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(SByte, SByte)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(Single, Single)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(UInt16, UInt16)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(UInt32, UInt32)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(UInt64, UInt64)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write(UIntPtr, UIntPtr)

Writes the specified value to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Write<T>(T, T)

Writes the specified object reference to the specified field. On systems that require it, inserts a memory barrier that prevents the processor from reordering memory operations as follows: If a read or write appears before this method in the code, the processor cannot move it after this method.

Applies to

See also