IEnlistmentNotification IEnlistmentNotification IEnlistmentNotification IEnlistmentNotification Interface

Definition

Describes an interface that a resource manager should implement to provide two phase commit notification callbacks for the transaction manager upon enlisting for participation.

public interface class IEnlistmentNotification
public interface IEnlistmentNotification
type IEnlistmentNotification = interface
Public Interface IEnlistmentNotification
Derived

Examples

The following example shows an implementation of this interface, as well as enlisting the object as a participant in a transaction using the EnlistVolatile method.

static void Main(string[] args)
{
    try
    {
        using (TransactionScope scope = new TransactionScope())
        {
        
            //Create an enlistment object
            myEnlistmentClass myElistment = new myEnlistmentClass();

            //Enlist on the current transaction with the enlistment object
            Transaction.Current.EnlistVolatile(myElistment, EnlistmentOptions.None);

            //Perform transactional work here.

            //Call complete on the TransactionScope based on console input
                            ConsoleKeyInfo c;
            while(true)
                            {
                Console.Write("Complete the transaction scope? [Y|N] ");
                c = Console.ReadKey();
                Console.WriteLine();
        
                                    if ((c.KeyChar == 'Y') || (c.KeyChar == 'y'))
                {
                    scope.Complete();
                    break;
                }
                else if ((c.KeyChar == 'N') || (c.KeyChar == 'n'))
                {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    catch (System.Transactions.TransactionException ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(ex);
    }
    catch
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Cannot complete transaction");
        throw;
    }
}

class myEnlistmentClass : IEnlistmentNotification
{
    public void Prepare(PreparingEnlistment preparingEnlistment)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Prepare notification received");

        //Perform transactional work

        //If work finished correctly, reply prepared
        preparingEnlistment.Prepared();

        // otherwise, do a ForceRollback
        preparingEnlistment.ForceRollback();
    }

    public void Commit(Enlistment enlistment)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Commit notification received");

        //Do any work necessary when commit notification is received

        //Declare done on the enlistment
        enlistment.Done();
    }

    public void Rollback(Enlistment enlistment)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Rollback notification received");

        //Do any work necessary when rollback notification is received

        //Declare done on the enlistment
        enlistment.Done();
    }

    public void InDoubt(Enlistment enlistment)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("In doubt notification received");

        //Do any work necessary when indout notification is received
        
        //Declare done on the enlistment
        enlistment.Done();
    }
}
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Try
            Using scope As TransactionScope = New TransactionScope()

                'Create an enlistment object
                Dim myEnlistmentClass As New EnlistmentClass

                'Enlist on the current transaction with the enlistment object
                Transaction.Current.EnlistVolatile(myEnlistmentClass, EnlistmentOptions.None)

                'Perform transactional work here.

                'Call complete on the TransactionScope based on console input
                Dim c As ConsoleKeyInfo
                While (True)
                    Console.Write("Complete the transaction scope? [Y|N] ")
                    c = Console.ReadKey()
                    Console.WriteLine()
                    If (c.KeyChar = "Y") Or (c.KeyChar = "y") Then
                        scope.Complete()
                        Exit While
                    ElseIf ((c.KeyChar = "N") Or (c.KeyChar = "n")) Then
                        Exit While
                    End If
                End While
            End Using
        Catch ex As TransactionException
            Console.WriteLine(ex)
        Catch
            Console.WriteLine("Cannot complete transaction")
            Throw
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

Public Class EnlistmentClass
    Implements IEnlistmentNotification

    Public Sub Prepare(ByVal myPreparingEnlistment As PreparingEnlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.Prepare
        Console.WriteLine("Prepare notification received")

        'Perform transactional work

        'If work finished correctly, reply with prepared
        myPreparingEnlistment.Prepared()
    End Sub

    Public Sub Commit(ByVal myEnlistment As Enlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.Commit
        Console.WriteLine("Commit notification received")

        'Do any work necessary when commit notification is received

        'Declare done on the enlistment
        myEnlistment.Done()
    End Sub

    Public Sub Rollback(ByVal myEnlistment As Enlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.Rollback
        Console.WriteLine("Rollback notification received")

        'Do any work necessary when rollback notification is received

        'Declare done on the enlistment
        myEnlistment.Done()
    End Sub

    Public Sub InDoubt(ByVal myEnlistment As Enlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.InDoubt
        Console.WriteLine("In doubt notification received")

        'Do any work necessary when indout notification is received

        'Declare done on the enlistment
        myEnlistment.Done()
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

In order for a resource manager to participate in a transaction, it must enlist in the transaction through the transaction manager. The Transaction class defines a set of methods whose names begin with Enlist that provide this functionality. The different Enlist methods correspond to the different types of enlistment that a resource manager may have.

This class describes an interface that a resource manager should implement to provide two phase commit notification callbacks for the transaction manager upon enlisting for participation. For each resource manager's implementation of the IEnlistmentNotification interface, you should enlist it using the EnlistVolatile method or the EnlistDurable method of the Transaction class, depending on whether your resource is volatile or durable. For more information on enlistment and 2PC, see Enlisting Resources as Participants in a Transaction and Committing a Transaction in Single-Phase and Multi-Phase respectively.

The transaction manager notifies the enlisted object at different phases of the Two Phase Commit Protocol by the following methods.

Method Description
Prepare This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the first phase of a transaction, when the transaction manager asks participants whether they can commit the transaction.
Commit This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the second phase of a transaction if the transaction is committed.
Rollback This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the second phase of a transaction if the transaction is aborted (that is, rolled back).
InDoubt This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the second phase of a transaction if the transaction is in doubt.

Note

You should be aware that notifications might not be sent sequentially, or in a particular order.

Methods

Commit(Enlistment) Commit(Enlistment) Commit(Enlistment) Commit(Enlistment)

Notifies an enlisted object that a transaction is being committed.

InDoubt(Enlistment) InDoubt(Enlistment) InDoubt(Enlistment) InDoubt(Enlistment)

Notifies an enlisted object that the status of a transaction is in doubt.

Prepare(PreparingEnlistment) Prepare(PreparingEnlistment) Prepare(PreparingEnlistment) Prepare(PreparingEnlistment)

Notifies an enlisted object that a transaction is being prepared for commitment.

Rollback(Enlistment) Rollback(Enlistment) Rollback(Enlistment) Rollback(Enlistment)

Notifies an enlisted object that a transaction is being rolled back (aborted).

Applies to

See also