SqlCacheDependencyAdmin SqlCacheDependencyAdmin SqlCacheDependencyAdmin SqlCacheDependencyAdmin Class

Definition

Performs administrative tasks required on a SQL Server database to support the SqlCacheDependency class when using polling-based dependencies. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class SqlCacheDependencyAdmin abstract sealed
public static class SqlCacheDependencyAdmin
type SqlCacheDependencyAdmin = class
Public Class SqlCacheDependencyAdmin
Inheritance
SqlCacheDependencyAdminSqlCacheDependencyAdminSqlCacheDependencyAdminSqlCacheDependencyAdmin

Examples

The following code example is a simple ASP.NET page for enabling and disabling change notifications on SQL Server database tables. It uses the SqlCacheDependencyAdmin object to manage change notifications in the database specified in a connection string called MyConnectionString. The example includes two files, an .aspx file that defines the user interface and a code-behind file containing the source code for the ASP.NET events.

The first sample is the .aspx file that defines the user interface.

Important

This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="cacheDependencyAdmincs.aspx.cs"
  Inherits="cacheDependencyAdmincs" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html" />
  <title>Cache Dependency Administration</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <table>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          Database support for change notifications:
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td align="center">
          <asp:Button ID="enableNotification" runat="server" Text="On" OnClick="enableNotification_Click" />
        </td>
        <td align="center">
          <asp:Button ID="disableNotification" runat="server" Text="Off" OnClick="disableNotification_Click" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:Label ID="enabledTablesMsg" runat="server" Text="Tables enabled for change notification:" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:ListBox ID="enabledTables" runat="server" SelectionMode="multiple" /><br />
          <asp:Button ID="disableTable" runat="server" Text="Disable selected table(s)" OnClick="disableTable_Click" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:Label ID="tableEnableMsg" runat="server" Text="Enable change notification on table:" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:TextBox ID="tableName" runat="server" /><br />
          <asp:Button ID="enableTable" runat="server" Text="Enable table(s)" OnClick="enableTable_Click" />
          <asp:Label id="enableTableErrorMsg" runat="server" Visible="false" />
        </td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" CodeFile="cacheDependencyAdminvb.aspx.vb"
  Inherits="cacheDependencyAdminvb"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html" />
  <title>Cache Dependency Administration</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <table>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          Database support for change notifications:
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td align="center">
          <asp:Button ID="enableNotification" runat="server" Text="On" OnClick="enableNotification_Click" />
        </td>
        <td align="center">
          <asp:Button ID="disableNotification" runat="server" Text="Off" OnClick="disableNotification_Click" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:Label ID="enabledTablesMsg" runat="server" Text="Tables enabled for change notification:" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:ListBox ID="enabledTables" runat="server" SelectionMode="multiple" /><br />
          <asp:Button ID="disableTable" runat="server" Text="Disable selected table(s)" OnClick="disableTable_Click" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:Label ID="tableEnableMsg" runat="server" Text="Enable change notification on table:" />
        </td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td colspan="2">
          <asp:TextBox ID="tableName" runat="server" /><br />
          <asp:Button ID="enableTable" runat="server" Text="Enable table(s)" OnClick="enableTable_Click" />
          <asp:Label id="enableTableErrorMsg" runat="server" Visible="false" />
        </td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

The second sample is the code-behind file containing the source code for the page events.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

using System.Web.Caching;

public partial class cacheDependencyAdmincs : System.Web.UI.Page
{
  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Put page in default state.
    enabledTables.Visible = true;
    disableTable.Visible = true;
    enabledTablesMsg.Text = "Tables enabled for change notification:";

    tableName.Visible = true;
    enableTable.Visible = true;
    tableEnableMsg.Text = "Enable change notification on table(s):";
    enableTableErrorMsg.Visible = false;
  }

   protected void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    try
    {
      string[] enabledTablesList =
      SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.GetTablesEnabledForNotifications(
        ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnectionString"].ConnectionString);
      if (enabledTablesList.Length > 0)
      {
        enabledTables.DataSource = enabledTablesList;
        enabledTables.DataBind();
      }
      else
      {
        enabledTablesMsg.Text = "No tables are enabled for change notifications.";
        enabledTables.Visible = false;
        disableTable.Visible = false;
      }
    }
    catch (DatabaseNotEnabledForNotificationException ex)
    {
      enabledTables.Visible = false;
      disableTable.Visible = false;
      enabledTablesMsg.Text = "Cache notifications are not enabled in this database.";

      tableName.Visible = false;
      enableTable.Visible = false;
      tableEnableMsg.Text = "Must enable database for notifications before enabling tables";
    }
  }
  protected void enableNotification_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.EnableNotifications(
      ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnectionString"].ConnectionString);
  }
  protected void disableNotification_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.DisableNotifications(
      ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnectionString"].ConnectionString);
  }
  protected void disableTable_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    foreach (ListItem item in enabledTables.Items)
    {
      if (item.Selected)
      {
        SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.DisableTableForNotifications(
          ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnectionString"].ConnectionString,
          item.Text);
      }
    }
  }
  protected void enableTable_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    try
    {
      if (tableName.Text.Contains(";"))
      {
        string[] tables = tableName.Text.Split(new Char[] { ';' });
        for (int i = 0; i < tables.Length; i++)
          tables[i] = tables[i].Trim();

        SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.EnableTableForNotifications(
          ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnectionString"].ConnectionString,
          tables);
      }
      else
      {
        SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.EnableTableForNotifications(
          ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MyConnectionString"].ConnectionString,
          tableName.Text);
      }
    }
    catch (HttpException ex)
    {
      enableTableErrorMsg.Text = "<br />" +
        "An error occurred enabling a table.<br />" +
        "The error message was: " +
        ex.Message;
      enableTableErrorMsg.Visible = true;
    }
  }
}
Partial Class cacheDependencyAdminvb
  Inherits System.Web.UI.Page

  Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    'Put the page into a default state.
    enabledTables.Visible = True
    disableTable.Visible = True
    enabledTablesMsg.Text = "Tables enabled for change notification:"

    tableName.Visible = True
    enableTable.Visible = True
    tableEnableMsg.Text = "Enable change notification on table(s):"
    enableTableErrorMsg.Text = ""
  End Sub

  Protected Sub Page_PreRender(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    Try
      Dim enabledTablesList As String()
      enabledTablesList = SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.GetTablesEnabledForNotifications( _
        ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("MyConnectionString").ConnectionString)
      If enabledTablesList.Length > 0 Then
        enabledTables.DataSource = enabledTablesList
        enabledTables.DataBind()
      Else
        enabledTablesMsg.Text = "No tables are enabled for change notifications."
        enabledTables.Visible = False
        disableTable.Visible = False
      End If
    Catch ex As DatabaseNotEnabledForNotificationException
      enabledTables.Visible = False
      disableTable.Visible = False
      enabledTablesMsg.Text = "Cache notifications are not enabled in this database."

      tableName.Visible = False
      enableTable.Visible = False
      tableEnableMsg.Text = "Must enable database for notifications before enabling tables."
    End Try
  End Sub
  Protected Sub enableNotification_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.EnableNotifications( _
        ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("MyConnectionString").ConnectionString)
  End Sub
  Protected Sub disableNotification_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.DisableNotifications( _
        ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("MyConnectionString").ConnectionString)
  End Sub
  Protected Sub disableTable_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    For Each item As ListItem In enabledTables.Items
      If item.Selected Then
        SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.DisableTableForNotifications( _
        ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("MyConnectionString").ConnectionString, _
        item.Text)
      End If
    Next
  End Sub
  Protected Sub enableTable_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    Try
      If tableName.Text.Contains(";") Then
        Dim tables As String()
        tables = tableName.Text.Split(New [Char]() {";"c})
        For i As Integer = 0 To tables.Length - 1
          tables(i) = tables(i).Trim
        Next

        SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.EnableTableForNotifications( _
          ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("MyConnectionString").ConnectionString, _
          tables)
      Else
        SqlCacheDependencyAdmin.EnableTableForNotifications( _
          ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("MyConnectionString").ConnectionString, _
          tableName.Text)
      End If
    Catch ex As HttpException
      enableTableErrorMsg.Text = "<br />" & _
        "An error occurred enabling a table.<br />" & _
        "The error message was: " & _
        ex.Message
      enableTableErrorMsg.Visible = True
    End Try
  End Sub

End Class

Remarks

You can use the methods of this class to programmatically enable and disable a SQL Server database and its tables for SqlCacheDependency object change notifications. In addition, this class obtains information about which tables in a database are enabled for change notifications using the GetTablesEnabledForNotifications method. However, you can also use the Aspnet_regsql command-line tool to manage change notifications for a SQL Server database and its tables.

Note

To call any of the methods in this class, the account you use to access the SQL Server database must have permissions to create tables and stored procedures. To enable notifications on a specific table, you must have permissions to create a SQL Server trigger on that table. For more information on how to set permissions on a database, see the SQL Server documentation. For more information about the account used by the ASP.NET process, see ASP.NET Impersonation.

Methods

DisableNotifications(String) DisableNotifications(String) DisableNotifications(String) DisableNotifications(String)

Disables SqlCacheDependency change notifications for the specified database.

DisableTableForNotifications(String, String) DisableTableForNotifications(String, String) DisableTableForNotifications(String, String) DisableTableForNotifications(String, String)

Disables SqlCacheDependency change notifications on a SQL Server database table.

DisableTableForNotifications(String, String[]) DisableTableForNotifications(String, String[]) DisableTableForNotifications(String, String[]) DisableTableForNotifications(String, String[])

Disables SqlCacheDependency change notifications on an array of SQL Server database tables.

EnableNotifications(String) EnableNotifications(String) EnableNotifications(String) EnableNotifications(String)

Enables SqlCacheDependency change notifications on the specified database.

EnableTableForNotifications(String, String) EnableTableForNotifications(String, String) EnableTableForNotifications(String, String) EnableTableForNotifications(String, String)

Connects to the specified SQL Server database and enables the specified database table for SqlCacheDependency change notifications.

EnableTableForNotifications(String, String[]) EnableTableForNotifications(String, String[]) EnableTableForNotifications(String, String[]) EnableTableForNotifications(String, String[])

Connects to the specified SQL Server database and enables the specified array of database tables for SqlCacheDependency change notification.

GetTablesEnabledForNotifications(String) GetTablesEnabledForNotifications(String) GetTablesEnabledForNotifications(String) GetTablesEnabledForNotifications(String)

Retrieves a string array containing the name of every table that is enabled for change notifications in a SQL Server database.

Applies to

See also