HttpCapabilitiesBase.RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding Property

Definition

Gets a value indicating whether the browser requires VIEWSTATE values to be specially encoded.

public:
 virtual property bool RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding { bool get(); };
public virtual bool RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding { get; }
member this.RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding : bool
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding As Boolean

Property Value

true if the browser requires VIEWSTATE values to be specially encoded; otherwise, false. The default is false.

Examples

The following code example shows how to determine whether the browser requires VIEWSTATE values to be specially encoded.

<%@ page language="C#"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
    void Page_Load(Object Sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        CheckBrowserCaps();
    }

    void CheckBrowserCaps()
    {
        String labelText = "";
        System.Web.HttpBrowserCapabilities myBrowserCaps = Request.Browser;
        if (((System.Web.Configuration.HttpCapabilitiesBase)myBrowserCaps).RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding)
        {
            labelText = "Browser requires view state values to be specially encoded.";
        }
        else
        {
            labelText = "Browser does not require view state values to be specially encoded.";
        }

        Label1.Text = labelText;
    }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
    <title>Browser Capabilities Sample</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form runat="server" id="form1">
        <div>
            Browser Capabilities:
            <p/><asp:Label ID="Label1" Runat="server" />
        </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
    Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
        CheckBrowserCaps()
    End Sub

    Function CheckBrowserCaps()

        Dim labelText As String = ""
        Dim myBrowserCaps As System.Web.HttpBrowserCapabilities = Request.Browser
        If (CType(myBrowserCaps, System.Web.Configuration.HttpCapabilitiesBase)).RequiresSpecialViewStateEncoding Then
            labelText = "Browser requires view state values to be specially encoded."
        Else
            labelText = "Browser does not require view state values to be specially encoded."
        End If

        Label1.Text = labelText

    End Function 'CheckBrowserCaps
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
    <title>Browser Capabilities Sample</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form runat="server" id="form1">
        <div>
            Browser Capabilities:
            <p/><asp:Label ID="Label1" Runat="server" />
        </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Remarks

HTTP is a stateless protocol, and VIEWSTATE is one mechanism used to persist client changes across multiple requests. Each control on a Web page contains a ViewState property, which represents the accumulation of any changes made by the client. In a Web Forms page, these changes are encoded in postback data as the value of an HTML <input> element with a type attribute of hidden. For example:

<input type="hidden" name="__VIEWSTATE" value="t0PH_u56?cDxleHQ7P=" />  

If true, non-alphabetic characters in the VIEWSTATE value will not be sent correctly by the browser, nor by an intermediate gateway. To correct this, server-control adapters replace non-alphabetic characters in the VIEWSTATE value with ones that do not require encoding in HTTP requests.

Applies to