MembershipUser.ResetPassword MembershipUser.ResetPassword MembershipUser.ResetPassword MembershipUser.ResetPassword Method

Definition

Resets a user's password to a new, automatically generated password.

Overloads

ResetPassword() ResetPassword() ResetPassword() ResetPassword()

Resets a user's password to a new, automatically generated password.

ResetPassword(String) ResetPassword(String) ResetPassword(String) ResetPassword(String)

Resets a user's password to a new, automatically generated password.

ResetPassword() ResetPassword() ResetPassword() ResetPassword()

Resets a user's password to a new, automatically generated password.

public:
 virtual System::String ^ ResetPassword();
public virtual string ResetPassword ();
abstract member ResetPassword : unit -> string
override this.ResetPassword : unit -> string
Public Overridable Function ResetPassword () As String

Returns

The new password for the membership user.

Exceptions

This method is not available. This can occur if the application targets the .NET Framework 4 Client Profile. To prevent this exception, override the method, or change the application to target the full version of the .NET Framework.

Examples

The following code example resets a user's password and returns the new, automatically generated password. Note that RequiresQuestionAndAnswer is assumed to be false.

Important

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

MembershipUser u;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!Membership.EnablePasswordReset)
  {
    FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage();
  }

  Msg.Text = "";

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Please supply a username.";
  }
  else
  {
    VerifyUsername();
  }
}


public void VerifyUsername()
{
    u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

    if (u == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Username " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";

      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = false;
    }
    else
    {
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = true;
    }
}

public void ResetPassword_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  string newPassword;

  u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

  if (u == null)
  { 
    Msg.Text = "Username " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";
    return;
  }

  try
  {
    newPassword = u.ResetPassword();
  }
  catch (MembershipPasswordException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Invalid password answer. Please re-enter and try again.";
    return;
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
    return;
  }

  if (newPassword != null)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Password reset. Your new password is: " + Server.HtmlEncode(newPassword);
  }
  else
  {
    Msg.Text = "Password reset failed. Please re-enter your values and try again.";
  }
}


</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Reset Password</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Retrieve Password</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="true" />
            <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                        ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                        Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="ResetPasswordButton" Text="Reset Password" 
              OnClick="ResetPassword_OnClick" runat="server" Enabled="false" />

</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim u As MembershipUser

Public Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  If Not Membership.EnablePasswordReset Then
    FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage()
  End If

  Msg.Text = ""

  If Not IsPostBack Then
    Msg.Text = "Please supply a username."
  Else
    VerifyUsername()
  End If
End Sub

Public Sub VerifyUsername()
    u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, False)

    If u Is Nothing Then
      Msg.Text = "Username " & Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) & " not found. Please check the value and re-enter."

      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = False
    Else
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = True
    End If
End Sub

Public Sub ResetPassword_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  Dim newPassword As String
  u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, False)

  If u Is Nothing Then
    Msg.Text = "Username " & Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) & " not found. Please check the value and re-enter."
    Return
  End If

  Try
    newPassword = u.ResetPassword()
  Catch e As MembershipPasswordException
    Msg.Text = "Invalid password answer. Please re-enter and try again."
    Return
  Catch e As Exception
    Msg.Text = e.Message
    Return
  End Try

  If Not newPassword Is Nothing Then
    Msg.Text = "Password reset. Your new password is: " & Server.HtmlEncode(newPassword)
  Else
    Msg.Text = "Password reset failed. Please re-enter your values and try again."
  End If
End Sub


</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Reset Password</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Retrieve Password</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" />
            <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                        ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                        Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="ResetPasswordButton" Text="Reset Password" 
              OnClick="ResetPassword_OnClick" runat="server" Enabled="False" />

</form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

ResetPassword calls the MembershipProvider.ResetPassword method of the membership provider referenced by the ProviderName property to reset the password for the membership user to a new, automatically generated password. The new password is then returned to the caller.

If EnablePasswordReset is false, the membership provider will return an exception.

If RequiresQuestionAndAnswer is true, you must use the ResetPassword overload that takes a password answer as a parameter and supply the password answer for the membership user. If a password answer is required and an incorrect password answer is supplied, a MembershipPasswordException is thrown by the membership provider.

See also

ResetPassword(String) ResetPassword(String) ResetPassword(String) ResetPassword(String)

Resets a user's password to a new, automatically generated password.

public:
 virtual System::String ^ ResetPassword(System::String ^ passwordAnswer);
public virtual string ResetPassword (string passwordAnswer);
abstract member ResetPassword : string -> string
override this.ResetPassword : string -> string
Public Overridable Function ResetPassword (passwordAnswer As String) As String

Parameters

passwordAnswer
String String String String

The password answer for the membership user.

Returns

The new password for the membership user.

Exceptions

This method is not available. This can occur if the application targets the .NET Framework 4 Client Profile. To prevent this exception, override the method, or change the application to target the full version of the .NET Framework.

Examples

The following code example resets a user's password and returns the new, automatically generated password.

Important

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

MembershipUser u;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!Membership.EnablePasswordReset)
  {
    FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage();
  }

  Msg.Text = "";

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Please supply a username.";
  }
  else
  {
    VerifyUsername();
  }
}


public void VerifyUsername()
{
    u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

    if (u == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Username " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";

      QuestionLabel.Text = "";
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = false;
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = false;
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = false;
    }
    else
    {
      QuestionLabel.Text = u.PasswordQuestion;
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = true;
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = true;
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = true;
    }
}

public void ResetPassword_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  string newPassword;
  u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

  if (u == null)
  { 
    Msg.Text = "Username " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";
    return;
  }

  try
  {
    newPassword = u.ResetPassword(AnswerTextBox.Text);
  }
  catch (MembershipPasswordException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Invalid password answer. Please re-enter and try again.";
    return;
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
    return;
  }

  if (newPassword != null)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Password reset. Your new password is: " + Server.HtmlEncode(newPassword);
  }
  else
  {
    Msg.Text = "Password reset failed. Please re-enter your values and try again.";
  }
}


</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Reset Password</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Retrieve Password</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="true" />
            <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                        ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                        Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />

  Password Question: <b><asp:Label id="QuestionLabel" runat="server" /></b><br />

  Answer: <asp:TextBox id="AnswerTextBox" Columns="60" runat="server" Enabled="false" />
          <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="AnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="AnswerTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" Enabled="false" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="ResetPasswordButton" Text="Reset Password" 
              OnClick="ResetPassword_OnClick" runat="server" Enabled="false" />

</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim u As MembershipUser

Public Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  If Not Membership.EnablePasswordReset Then
    FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage()
  End If

  Msg.Text = ""

  If Not IsPostBack Then
    Msg.Text = "Please supply a username."
  Else
    VerifyUsername()
  End If
End Sub

Public Sub VerifyUsername()
    u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, False)

    If u Is Nothing Then
      Msg.Text = "Username " & Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) & " not found. Please check the value and re-enter."

      QuestionLabel.Text = ""
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = False
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = False
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = False
    Else
      QuestionLabel.Text = u.PasswordQuestion
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = True
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = True
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = True
    End If
End Sub

Public Sub ResetPassword_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  Dim newPassword As String
  u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, False)

  If u Is Nothing Then
    Msg.Text = "Username " & Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) & " not found. Please check the value and re-enter."
    Return
  End If

  Try
    newPassword = u.ResetPassword(AnswerTextBox.Text)
  Catch e As MembershipPasswordException
    Msg.Text = "Invalid password answer. Please re-enter and try again."
    Return
  Catch e As Exception
    Msg.Text = e.Message
    Return
  End Try

  If Not newPassword Is Nothing Then
    Msg.Text = "Password reset. Your new password is: " & Server.HtmlEncode(newPassword)
  Else
    Msg.Text = "Password reset failed. Please re-enter your values and try again."
  End If
End Sub


</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Reset Password</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Retrieve Password</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" />
            <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                        ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                        Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />

  Password Question: <b><asp:Label id="QuestionLabel" runat="server" /></b><br />

  Answer: <asp:TextBox id="AnswerTextBox" Columns="60" runat="server" Enabled="False" />
          <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="AnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="AnswerTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" Enabled="False" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="ResetPasswordButton" Text="Reset Password" 
              OnClick="ResetPassword_OnClick" runat="server" Enabled="False" />

</form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

ResetPassword calls the MembershipProvider.ResetPassword method of the membership provider referenced by the ProviderName property to reset the password for the membership user to a new, automatically generated password. The new password is then returned to the caller.

If EnablePasswordReset is false, the membership provider will return an exception.

If RequiresQuestionAndAnswer is false, you can supply null for the answer parameter, or use the ResetPassword overload that does not take any parameters.

If a password answer is required and an incorrect password answer is supplied, a MembershipPasswordException is thrown by the membership provider.

See also

Applies to