Roles.RoleExists(String) Method

Definition

Gets a value indicating whether the specified role name already exists in the role data source.

public:
 static bool RoleExists(System::String ^ roleName);
public static bool RoleExists (string roleName);
static member RoleExists : string -> bool
Public Shared Function RoleExists (roleName As String) As Boolean

Parameters

roleName
String

The name of the role to search for in the data source.

Returns

Boolean

true if the role name already exists in the data source; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

roleName is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).

roleName is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

Role management is not enabled.

Examples

The following code example uses the RoleExists method to determine whether a role name already exists before creating the role. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.

Important

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesGrid.DataBind();
  }
}

public void CreateRole_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  string createRole = RoleTextBox.Text;

  try
  {
    if (Roles.RoleExists(createRole))
    {
      Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' already exists. Please specify a different role name.";
      return;
    }

    Roles.CreateRole(createRole);

    Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' created.";

    // Re-bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesGrid.DataBind();
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' <u>not</u> created.";
    Response.Write(e.ToString());
  }

}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Create Role</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">
  <h3>Create a Role</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  Role name: 

  <asp:TextBox id="RoleTextBox" runat="server" />

  <asp:Button Text="Create Role" id="CreateRoleButton"
              runat="server" OnClick="CreateRole_OnClick" />

  <br />

  <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="2" id="RolesGrid" 
                Gridlines="Both" CellSpacing="2" AutoGenerateColumns="false" >
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
    <Columns>
      <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
        <ItemTemplate>
          <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
        </ItemTemplate>
      </asp:TemplateField>
    </Columns>
   </asp:GridView>
</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim rolesArray() As String

Public Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)

  If Not IsPostBack Then
    ' Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles()
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray
    RolesGrid.DataBind()
  End If

End Sub

Public Sub CreateRole_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)

  Dim createRole As String = RoleTextBox.Text

  Try
    If Roles.RoleExists(createRole) Then
      Msg.Text = "Role '" & Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) & "' already exists. Please specify a different role name."
      Return
    End If

    Roles.CreateRole(createRole)

    Msg.Text = "Role '" & Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) & "' created."

    ' Re-bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles()
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray
    RolesGrid.DataBind()
  Catch
    Msg.Text = "Role '" & Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) & "' <u>not</u> created."
  End Try

End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Create Role</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">
  <h3>Create a Role</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  Role name: 

  <asp:TextBox id="RoleTextBox" runat="server" />

  <asp:Button Text="Create Role" id="CreateRoleButton"
              runat="server" OnClick="CreateRole_OnClick" />

  <br />

  <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="2" id="RolesGrid" 
                Gridlines="Both" CellSpacing="2" AutoGenerateColumns="false" >
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
    <Columns>
      <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
        <ItemTemplate>
          <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
        </ItemTemplate>
      </asp:TemplateField>
    </Columns>
   </asp:GridView>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

The RoleExists method calls the RoleExists method of the default role provider to determine whether a role name exists in the data source for the application that is specified in the ApplicationName property.

Applies to

See also