SqlMembershipProvider.GetUser SqlMembershipProvider.GetUser SqlMembershipProvider.GetUser SqlMembershipProvider.GetUser Method

Definition

Gets the information for a membership user from the data source.

Overloads

GetUser(String, Boolean) GetUser(String, Boolean) GetUser(String, Boolean) GetUser(String, Boolean)

Returns information from the SQL Server membership database for a user and provides an option to update the last activity date/time stamp for the user.

GetUser(Object, Boolean) GetUser(Object, Boolean) GetUser(Object, Boolean) GetUser(Object, Boolean)

Gets the information from the data source for the membership user associated with the specified unique identifier and updates the last activity date/time stamp for the user, if specified.

GetUser(String, Boolean) GetUser(String, Boolean) GetUser(String, Boolean) GetUser(String, Boolean)

Returns information from the SQL Server membership database for a user and provides an option to update the last activity date/time stamp for the user.

public:
 override System::Web::Security::MembershipUser ^ GetUser(System::String ^ username, bool userIsOnline);
public override System.Web.Security.MembershipUser GetUser (string username, bool userIsOnline);
override this.GetUser : string * bool -> System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
Public Overrides Function GetUser (username As String, userIsOnline As Boolean) As MembershipUser

Parameters

username
String String String String

The name of the user to get information for.

userIsOnline
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to update the last activity date/time stamp for the user; false to return user information without updating the last activity date/time stamp for the user.

Returns

A MembershipUser object representing the specified user. If no user is found in the database for the specified username value, null is returned.

Exceptions

username exceeds 256 characters.

-or-

username contains a comma.

Examples

The following code example uses the GetUser method to determine whether a user exists before retrieving the password for the user.

Note

This example uses the Membership class to call the SqlMembershipProvider specified as the defaultProvider in the Web.config file. If you need to access the default provider as the type SqlMembershipProvider, you can cast the Provider property of the Membership class. To access other configured providers as a specific provider type, you can access them by their configured name with the Providers property of the Membership class and cast them as the specific provider type.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Net.Mail" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!Membership.EnablePasswordRetrieval)
  {
    FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage();
  }

  Msg.Text = "";

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Please enter a user name.";
  }
  else
  {
    VerifyUsername();
  }
}


public void VerifyUsername()
{
    MembershipUser user = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

    if (user == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "The user name " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " was not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";

      QuestionLabel.Text = "";
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = false;
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = false;
      EmailPasswordButton.Enabled = false;
    }
    else
    {
      QuestionLabel.Text = user.PasswordQuestion;
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = true;
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = true;
      EmailPasswordButton.Enabled = true;
    }
}


public void EmailPassword_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  // Note: Returning a password in clear text using email is not recommended for
  // sites that require a high level of security.

  try
  {
    string password = Membership.Provider.GetPassword(UsernameTextBox.Text, AnswerTextBox.Text);
    MembershipUser u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text);
    EmailPassword(u.Email, password);
    Msg.Text = "Your password was sent via email.";
  }
  catch (MembershipPasswordException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "The password answer is incorrect. Please check the value and try again.";
  }
  catch (System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "An error occurred retrieving your password. Please check your values " +
               "and try again.";
  }
}


private void EmailPassword(string email, string password)
{
  try
  {
    MailMessage Message = new MailMessage("administrator", email);
    Message.Subject = "Your Password";
    Message.Body = "Your password is: " + Server.HtmlEncode(password);

    SmtpClient SmtpMail = new SmtpClient("SMTPSERVER");
    SmtpMail.Send(Message);
  }
  catch 
  {
    Msg.Text = "An exception occurred while sending your password. Please try again.";
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Retrieve Password</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Retrieve Password</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="true" />
            <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                        ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                        Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />

  Password Question: <b><asp:Label id="QuestionLabel" runat="server" /></b><br />

  Answer: <asp:TextBox id="AnswerTextBox" Columns="60" runat="server" Enabled="false" />
          <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="AnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="AnswerTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" Enabled="false" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="EmailPasswordButton" Text="Email My Password" 
              OnClick="EmailPassword_OnClick" runat="server" Enabled="false" />

</form>

</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Net.Mail" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Public Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)

    If Not Membership.EnablePasswordRetrieval Then
      FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage()
    End If

    Msg.Text = ""

    If Not IsPostBack Then
      Msg.Text = "Please enter a user name."
    Else
      VerifyUsername()
    End If

  End Sub


  Private Sub VerifyUsername()

    Dim user As MembershipUser = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, False)

    If user Is Nothing Then
      Msg.Text = "The user name " & Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) & " was not found. Please check the value and re-enter."

      QuestionLabel.Text = ""
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = False
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = False
      EmailPasswordButton.Enabled = False
    Else
      QuestionLabel.Text = user.PasswordQuestion
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = True
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = True
      EmailPasswordButton.Enabled = True
    End If

  End Sub


  Public Sub EmailPassword_OnClick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)

    ' Note: Returning a password in clear text using email is not recommended for
    ' sites that require a high level of security.

    Try
      Dim password As String = Membership.Provider.GetPassword(UsernameTextBox.Text, AnswerTextBox.Text)
      Dim u As MembershipUser = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text)
      EmailPassword(u.Email, password)
      Msg.Text = "Your password was sent via email."
    Catch e As MembershipPasswordException
      Msg.Text = "The password answer is incorrect. Please check the value and try again."
    Catch e As System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException
      Msg.Text = "An error occurred retrieving your password. Please check your values " & _
                 "and try again."
    End Try

  End Sub


  Private Sub EmailPassword(ByVal email As String, ByVal password As String)

    Try
      Dim Message As MailMessage = New MailMessage("administrator", email)
      Message.Subject = "Your Password"
      Message.Body = "Your password is: " & Server.HtmlEncode(password)
      
      Dim SmtpMail As SmtpClient = New SmtpClient("SMTPSERVER")
      SmtpMail.Send(Message)
    Catch
      Msg.Text = "An exception occurred while sending your password. Please try again."
    End Try

  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
  <title>Sample: Retrieve Password</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <h3>
      Retrieve Password</h3>
    <asp:Label ID="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />
    Username:
    <asp:TextBox ID="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" />
    <asp:RequiredFieldValidator ID="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server" ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox"
      ForeColor="red" Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />
    Password Question: <b>
      <asp:Label ID="QuestionLabel" runat="server" /></b><br />
    Answer:
    <asp:TextBox ID="AnswerTextBox" Columns="60" runat="server" Enabled="False" />
    <asp:RequiredFieldValidator ID="AnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server" ControlToValidate="AnswerTextBox"
      ForeColor="red" Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" Enabled="False" /><br />
    <asp:Button ID="EmailPasswordButton" Text="Email My Password" OnClick="EmailPassword_OnClick"
      runat="server" Enabled="False" />
  </form>
</body>
</html>

Remarks

This method is called by the Membership class to retrieve user information from the SQL Server database specified in the ASP.NET application's configuration file (Web.config).

If userIsOnline is true, the last activity date/time stamp for the user is updated to the current date and time. This is reflected in the LastActivityDate and IsOnline properties and in the value returned by GetNumberOfUsersOnline.

Leading and trailing spaces are trimmed from the username parameter value.

See also

GetUser(Object, Boolean) GetUser(Object, Boolean) GetUser(Object, Boolean) GetUser(Object, Boolean)

Gets the information from the data source for the membership user associated with the specified unique identifier and updates the last activity date/time stamp for the user, if specified.

public:
 override System::Web::Security::MembershipUser ^ GetUser(System::Object ^ providerUserKey, bool userIsOnline);
public override System.Web.Security.MembershipUser GetUser (object providerUserKey, bool userIsOnline);
override this.GetUser : obj * bool -> System.Web.Security.MembershipUser
Public Overrides Function GetUser (providerUserKey As Object, userIsOnline As Boolean) As MembershipUser

Parameters

providerUserKey
Object Object Object Object

The unique identifier for the user.

userIsOnline
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to update the last-activity date/time stamp for the specified user; otherwise, false.

Returns

A MembershipUser object representing the user associated with the specified unique identifier. If no user is found in the database for the specified providerUserKey value, null is returned.

Exceptions

Remarks

GetUser retrieves the user information from the data source and creates a MembershipUser object populated with the returned data. The user is identified using the unique identifier specified with the providerUserKey parameter.

See also

Applies to