PartialCachingAttribute Class

Definition

Defines the metadata attribute that Web Forms user controls (.ascx files) use to indicate if and how their output is cached. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class PartialCachingAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class)]
public sealed class PartialCachingAttribute : Attribute
type PartialCachingAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class PartialCachingAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Inheritance
PartialCachingAttribute
Attributes

Examples

The following code example demonstrates using the PartialCachingAttribute. This example has three parts:

  • A partial class, ctlMine, that inherits from the UserControl base class and to which the PartialCachingAttribute attribute is applied.

  • A user control that is used with the ctlMine partial class.

  • A Web Forms page that hosts the user control.

The first part of the example demonstrates a partial class that inherits from the UserControl base class and to which the PartialCachingAttribute attribute is applied. In this example, the attribute specifies that the user control should be cached for 20 seconds.

// [filename partialcache.cs]
// Create a code-behind user control that is cached
// for 20 seconds using the PartialCachingAttribute class.
// This control uses a DataGrid server control to display
// XML data.
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Data;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{

    // Set the PartialCachingAttribute.Duration property to 20 seconds.
    [PartialCaching(20)]
    public partial class ctlMine : UserControl
    {

        protected void Page_Load(Object Src, EventArgs E)
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();

            FileStream fs = new FileStream(Server.MapPath("schemadata.xml"), FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
            StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(fs);
            ds.ReadXml(reader);
            fs.Close();

            DataView Source = new DataView(ds.Tables[0]);
            // Use the LiteralControl constructor to create a new
            // instance of the class.
            LiteralControl myLiteral = new LiteralControl();
            // Set the LiteralControl.Text property to an HTML
            // string and the TableName value of a data source.
            myLiteral.Text = "<h6><font face=verdana>Caching an XML Table: " + Source.Table.TableName + " </font></h6>";
            MyDataGrid.DataSource = Source;
            MyDataGrid.DataBind();

            TimeMsg.Text = DateTime.Now.ToString("G");

        }
    }
}
' Filename is partialcache.vb
' Create a code-behind user control that is cached
' for 20 seconds using the PartialCachingAttribute class.
' This control uses a DataGrid server control to display
' XML data.
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB.Controls

    ' Set the PartialCachingAttribute.Duration property to 20 seconds.
    <PartialCaching(20)> _
    Partial Class ctlMine
        Inherits UserControl

        Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal Src As [Object], ByVal E As EventArgs)
            Dim ds As New DataSet()

            Dim fs As New FileStream(Server.MapPath("schemadata.xml"), FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
            Dim reader As New StreamReader(fs)
            ds.ReadXml(reader)
            fs.Close()

            Dim [Source] As New DataView(ds.Tables(0))
            ' Use the LiteralControl constructor to create a new
            ' instance of the class.
            Dim myLiteral As New LiteralControl()
            ' Set the LiteralControl.Text property to an HTML
            ' string and the TableName value of a data source.
            myLiteral.Text = "<h6><font face=verdana>Caching an XML Table: " & [Source].Table.TableName & " </font></h6>"
            MyDataGrid.DataSource = [Source]
            MyDataGrid.DataBind()

            TimeMsg.Text = DateTime.Now.ToString("G")
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

The second part of the example shows a user control that is used with the previous example to demonstrate user control caching.

<!-- The mark-up .ascx file that displays the output of
     the partialcache.cs user control code-behind file. -->
<%@ Control language="C#" inherits="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls.ctlMine" CodeFile="partialcache.cs.ascx.cs" %>

  <ASP:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
    Width="900"
    BackColor="#ccccff"
    BorderColor="black"
    ShowFooter="false"
    CellPadding="3"
    CellSpacing="0"
    Font-Names="Verdana"
    Font-Size="8pt"
    HeaderStyle-BackColor="#aaaadd"
    EnableViewState="false"
  />

  <br />

  <i>Control last generated on:</i> <asp:label id="TimeMsg" runat="server" />
<!-- The mark-up .ascx file that displays the output of
     the partialcache.vb user control code-behind file. -->
<%@ Control language="vb" inherits="Samples.AspNet.VB.Controls.ctlMine" CodeFile="partialcache.vb.ascx.vb" %>

  <ASP:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
    Width="900"
    BackColor="#ccccff"
    BorderColor="black"
    ShowFooter="false"
    CellPadding="3"
    CellSpacing="0"
    Font-Names="Verdana"
    Font-Size="8pt"
    HeaderStyle-BackColor="#aaaadd"
    EnableViewState="false"
  />

  <br />

  <i>Control last generated on:</i> <asp:label id="TimeMsg" runat="server" />

The third part of the example demonstrates a Web Forms page that hosts the user control.

<!-- The WebForms page that contains the user control generated
     by partialcache.cs. -->
<%@ Register TagPrefix="Acme" TagName="Cache" Src="partialcache.cs.ascx" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<script language="C#" runat="server">

      void Page_Load(Object Src, EventArgs E ) {

          TimeMsg.Text = DateTime.Now.ToString("G");
      }

  </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
  
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <Acme:Cache runat="server"/>
    <br />

    <i>Page last generated on:</i> <asp:label id="TimeMsg" runat="server" />

  </form>
</body>
</html>
<!-- The WebForms page that contains the user control generated
     by partialcache.vb. -->
<%@ Register TagPrefix="Acme" TagName="Cache" Src="partialcache.vb.ascx" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<script language="vb" runat="server">

   Sub Page_Load(Src As [Object], E As EventArgs) 
      TimeMsg.Text = DateTime.Now.ToString("G")
   End Sub 'Page_Load

  </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
  
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <Acme:Cache runat="server"/>
    <br />

    <i>Page last generated on:</i> <asp:label id="TimeMsg" runat="server" />

  </form>
</body>
</html>

Remarks

The PartialCachingAttribute attribute class marks user controls (.ascx files) that support fragment caching, and encapsulates the cache settings that ASP.NET uses when caching the control. Page and controls developers use the PartialCachingAttribute attribute to enable output caching for a user control in a code-behind file.

Using the PartialCachingAttribute is one of several ways you can enable output caching. The following list describes methods you can use to enable output caching.

  • Use the directive to enable output caching in declarative scenarios.

  • Use the PartialCachingAttribute to enable caching for a user control in a code-behind file.

  • Use the ControlCachePolicy class to programmatically specify cache settings in programmatic scenarios in which you are working with BasePartialCachingControl instances.

If a user control contains an directive or has a PartialCachingAttribute applied, the ASP.NET parser generates an instance of the PartialCachingControl class to wrap the user control.

For more information about ASP.NET caching, see Caching. For more information about using attributes, see Attributes.

Constructors

PartialCachingAttribute(Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the PartialCachingAttribute class with the specified duration assigned to the user control to be cached.

PartialCachingAttribute(Int32, String, String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the PartialCachingAttribute class, specifying the caching duration, any GET and POST values, control names, and custom output caching requirements used to vary the cache.

PartialCachingAttribute(Int32, String, String, String, Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the PartialCachingAttribute class, specifying the caching duration, any GET and POST values, control names, custom output caching requirements used to vary the cache, and whether the user control output can be shared with multiple pages.

PartialCachingAttribute(Int32, String, String, String, String, Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the PartialCachingAttribute class, specifying the caching duration, any GET and POST values, control names, custom output caching requirements used to vary the cache, the database dependencies, and whether the user control output can be shared with multiple pages.

Properties

Duration

Gets the amount of time, in seconds, that cached items should remain in the output cache.

ProviderName

Gets or sets the name of the provider that is used to store the output-cached data for the associated control.

Shared

Gets a value indicating whether user control output can be shared with multiple pages.

SqlDependency

Gets a delimited string that identifies one or more database and table name pairs that the cached user control is dependent on.

TypeId

When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Inherited from Attribute)
VaryByControls

Gets a list of user control properties that the output cache uses to vary the user control.

VaryByCustom

Gets a list of custom strings that the output cache will use to vary the user control.

VaryByParams

Gets a list of query string or form POST parameters that the output cache will use to vary the user control.

Methods

Equals(Object)

Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Inherited from Attribute)
GetHashCode()

Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Inherited from Attribute)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Inherited from Attribute)
Match(Object)

When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Inherited from Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Explicit Interface Implementations

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Inherited from Attribute)

Applies to

See also