ViewStateException Class

Definition

Represents the exception that is thrown when the view state cannot be loaded or validated. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class ViewStateException sealed : Exception
[System.Serializable]
public sealed class ViewStateException : Exception
type ViewStateException = class
    inherit Exception
    interface ISerializable
Public NotInheritable Class ViewStateException
Inherits Exception
Inheritance
ViewStateException
Attributes
Implements

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to implement a method that deserializes a base64-encoded string and returns an ICollection collection of property settings. The Deserialize method can throw an HttpException exception that contains a ViewStateException object as an inner exception. The example shows how you can catch an HttpException exception and retrieve the properties from the ViewStateException object.

private ICollection LoadControlProperties(string serializedProperties)
{

    ICollection controlProperties = null;

    // Create an ObjectStateFormatter to deserialize the properties.
    ObjectStateFormatter formatter = new ObjectStateFormatter();

    try
    {
        // Call the Deserialize method.
        controlProperties = (ArrayList)formatter.Deserialize(serializedProperties);
    }
    catch (HttpException e)
    {
        ViewStateException vse = (ViewStateException)e.InnerException;
        String logMessage;

        logMessage = "ViewStateException. Path: " + vse.Path + Environment.NewLine;
        logMessage += "PersistedState: " + vse.PersistedState + Environment.NewLine;
        logMessage += "Referer: " + vse.Referer + Environment.NewLine;
        logMessage += "UserAgent: " + vse.UserAgent + Environment.NewLine;

        LogEvent(logMessage);

        if (vse.IsConnected)
        {
            HttpContext.Current.Response.Redirect("ErrorPage.aspx");
        }
        else
        {
            throw e;
        }
    }
    return controlProperties;
}
Private Function LoadControlProperties(ByVal serializedProperties As String) As ICollection

    Dim controlProperties As ICollection = Nothing

    ' Create an ObjectStateFormatter to deserialize the properties.
    Dim formatter As New ObjectStateFormatter()

    Try
        ' Call the Deserialize method.
        controlProperties = CType(formatter.Deserialize(serializedProperties), ArrayList)
    Catch e As HttpException
        Dim vse As ViewStateException
        Dim logMessage As String

        vse = e.InnerException

        logMessage = "ViewStateException. Path: " + vse.Path + Environment.NewLine
        logMessage += "PersistedState: " + vse.PersistedState + Environment.NewLine
        logMessage += "Referer: " + vse.Referer + Environment.NewLine
        logMessage += "UserAgent: " + vse.UserAgent + Environment.NewLine

        LogEvent(logMessage)

        If (vse.IsConnected) Then
            HttpContext.Current.Response.Redirect("ErrorPage.aspx")
        Else
            Throw e
        End If
    End Try
    Return controlProperties
End Function 'LoadControlProperties   

Remarks

If an exception occurs when the page loads the view-state information, the page creates a ViewStateException object and passes it as an inner exception within an HttpException exception. The HttpException exception is re-thrown to be handled by the application.

The ViewStateException class stores information about the exception in the Message property. If the request has permission to access the ServerVariables property, then the Message property contains the values returned from the RemoteAddress, RemotePort, UserAgent, PersistedState, Referer, and Path properties; otherwise, the Message property contains a generic view-state error message.

A view-state exception can be the result of a Message Authentication Codes (MAC) validation error. If the page attribute enableViewStateMac is set to true, view-state information is encoded with a MAC identifier. When the view-state information is posted back to the server, the page verifies the encoding to ensure that it has not been altered by the user. If the page cannot validate the MAC encoding on the view-state information, it will throw an HttpException exception with the ViewStateException object as an inner exception.

For MAC validation to succeed, the view-state information must be hashed by the same key when it is sent and received. Within a Web farm, the machine key on each server should be set to a common key.

Constructors

ViewStateException()

Initializes a new instance of the ViewStateException class.

Properties

Data

Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HelpLink

Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HResult

Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
InnerException

Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
IsConnected

Gets a value indicating whether the client is currently connected to the server.

Message

Gets debugging information about the HTTP request that resulted in a view-state exception.

Path

Gets the path of the HTTP request that resulted in a view-state exception.

PersistedState

Gets the contents of the view-state string that, when read, caused the view-state exception.

Referer

Gets the URL of the page that linked to the page where the view-state exception occurred.

RemoteAddress

Gets the IP address of the HTTP request that resulted in a view-state exception.

RemotePort

Gets the port number of the HTTP request that resulted in a view-state exception.

Source

Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.

(Inherited from Exception)
StackTrace

Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.

(Inherited from Exception)
TargetSite

Gets the method that throws the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
UserAgent

Gets the browser type of the HTTP request that resulted in a view-state exception.

Methods

Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetBaseException()

When overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.

(Inherited from Exception)
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Initializes a new instance of the ViewStateException class with serialized data.

GetType()

Gets the runtime type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Exception)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString()

Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Events

SerializeObjectState

Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Applies to

See also