DataKeyArray DataKeyArray DataKeyArray DataKeyArray Class

Definition

Represents a collection of DataKey objects. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class DataKeyArray sealed : System::Collections::ICollection, System::Web::UI::IStateManager
public sealed class DataKeyArray : System.Collections.ICollection, System.Web.UI.IStateManager
type DataKeyArray = class
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IStateManager
Public NotInheritable Class DataKeyArray
Implements ICollection, IStateManager
Inheritance
DataKeyArrayDataKeyArrayDataKeyArrayDataKeyArray
Implements

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use the indexer to retrieve a DataKey object from a DataKeyArray collection.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomerGridView_DataBound(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {           
    // Use the indexer to retrieve the DataKey object for the 
    // first record.
    DataKey key = CustomerGridView.DataKeys[0];

    // Display the value of the primary key for the first
    // record displayed in the GridView control.
    MessageLabel.Text = "The primary key of the first record displayed is " +
      key.Value.ToString() + ".";
  }

  void CopyArray_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
      DataKeyArray theKeys = CustomerGridView.DataKeys;
      DataKey[] myNewArray = new DataKey[theKeys.Count];
      theKeys.CopyTo(myNewArray, 0);
      Label2.Visible = true;

      // Display first page key values from the new array.
      for (int i = 0; i < myNewArray.Length; i++)
      {
          Label2.Text += "<br />" + myNewArray[i].Value;
      }

  }

</script>

<html  >

  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>DataKeyArray Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataKeyArray Example</h3>

        <asp:gridview id="CustomerGridView"
          datasourceid="CustomerDataSource"
          autogeneratecolumns="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"  
          allowpaging="true"
          ondatabound="CustomerGridView_DataBound" 
          runat="server">

        </asp:gridview>

        <br/>

        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>

        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomerDataSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthwindConnectionString %>" 
          runat="server"/>

        <asp:Button ID="CopyArray" 
            runat="server" 
            Text="Copy DataKeyArray to Array" 
            OnClick="CopyArray_Click" />

        <br />

        <asp:label id="Label2"
          runat="server"
          Visible="false"  
          Text="First page of Copied Array Key Values" />


      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomerGridView_DataBound(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles CustomerGridView.DataBound
          
    ' Use the indexer to retrieve the DataKey object for the 
    ' first record.
    Dim key As DataKey = CustomerGridView.DataKeys(0)

    ' Display the value of the primary key for the first
    ' record displayed in the GridView control.
    MessageLabel.Text = "The primary key of the first record displayed is " & _
      key.Value.ToString() & "."
  
    End Sub
    
    Sub CopyArray_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim theKeys As DataKeyArray = CustomerGridView.DataKeys
        Dim myNewArray(theKeys.Count - 1) As DataKey
        theKeys.CopyTo(myNewArray, 0)
        Label2.Visible = True

        ' Display first page key values from the new array.  
        For i As Integer = 0 To myNewArray.Length - 1
            Label2.Text &= "<br />" & myNewArray(i).Value
        Next i

    End Sub
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>DataKeyArray Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DataKeyArray Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:gridview id="CustomerGridView"
          datasourceid="CustomerDataSource"
          autogeneratecolumns="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"  
          allowpaging="true"
          runat="server">
            
        </asp:gridview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomerDataSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>

        <asp:Button ID="CopyArray" 
            runat="server" 
            Text="Copy DataKeyArray to Array" 
            OnClick="CopyArray_Click" />

        <br />

        <asp:label id="Label2"
          runat="server"
          Visible="false"  
          Text="First page of Copied Array Key Values" />
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates how to iterate through a DataKeyArray collection.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomerGridView_DataBound(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {    
    // Display the value of the primary key for each
    // record in the GridView control.
    MessageLabel.Text = "The primary key of each record displayed are: <br/><br/>";

    foreach (DataKey key in CustomerGridView.DataKeys)
    {
       MessageLabel.Text += key.Value.ToString() + "<br/>";
    }
  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DataKeyArray Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DataKeyArray Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:gridview id="CustomerGridView"
          datasourceid="CustomerDataSource"
          autogeneratecolumns="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"  
          allowpaging="true"
          ondatabound="CustomerGridView_DataBound" 
          runat="server">
            
        </asp:gridview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomerDataSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomerGridView_DataBound(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles CustomerGridView.DataBound
    
    ' Display the value of the primary key for each
    ' record in the GridView control.
    MessageLabel.Text = "The primary key of each record displayed are: <br/><br/>"

    Dim key As DataKey
    For Each key In CustomerGridView.DataKeys
    
      MessageLabel.Text += key.Value.ToString() + "<br/>"
      
    Next
    
  End Sub
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DataKeyArray Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DataKeyArray Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:gridview id="CustomerGridView"
          datasourceid="CustomerDataSource"
          autogeneratecolumns="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"  
          allowpaging="true"
          runat="server">
            
        </asp:gridview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomerDataSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

Remarks

The DataKeyArray class is used to store and manage a collection of DataKey objects. A DataKey object represents the primary key of a record in a data-bound control. In general, data-bound controls that display multiple records (such as the GridView control) use a DataKeyArray object to store the DataKey objects for the records displayed in the control.

The DataKeyArray class supports several ways to access the items in the collection:

  • Use the Item[Int32] indexer to directly retrieve a DataKey object from the collection at a specific zero-based index.

  • Use the GetEnumerator method to retrieve an enumerator that can be used to iterate through the collection.

  • Use the CopyTo method to copy the items in the collection into an array, which can then be used to access the items in the collection.

To determine the total number of items in the collection, use the Count property.

Constructors

DataKeyArray(ArrayList) DataKeyArray(ArrayList) DataKeyArray(ArrayList) DataKeyArray(ArrayList)

Initializes a new instance of the DataKeyArray class.

Properties

Count Count Count Count

Gets the number of items in the collection.

IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether the items in the collection can be modified.

IsSynchronized IsSynchronized IsSynchronized IsSynchronized

Gets a value indicating whether the DataKeyArray collection is synchronized (thread safe).

Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32]

Gets the DataKey object from the collection at the specified index.

SyncRoot SyncRoot SyncRoot SyncRoot

Gets the object used to synchronize access to the collection.

Methods

CopyTo(DataKey[], Int32) CopyTo(DataKey[], Int32) CopyTo(DataKey[], Int32) CopyTo(DataKey[], Int32)

Copies all the items from this collection to the specified array of DataKey objects, starting at the specified index in the array.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that contains all DataKey objects in the collection.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copies all the items from this collection to the specified Array, starting at the specified index in the Array.

IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState

Gets a value indicating whether the DataKeyArray object is tracking its view-state changes.

IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object)

Loads the previously saved view state of the DataKeyArray object.

IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState()

Saves the current view state of the DataKeyArray object.

IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState()

Marks the starting point at which to begin tracking and saving view-state changes to the DataKeyArray object.

Extension Methods

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Applies to

See Also