GridViewDeleteEventHandler GridViewDeleteEventHandler GridViewDeleteEventHandler GridViewDeleteEventHandler Delegate

Definition

Represents the method that handles the RowDeleting event of a GridView control.

public delegate void GridViewDeleteEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void GridViewDeleteEventHandler(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e);
type GridViewDeleteEventHandler = delegate of obj * GridViewDeleteEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub GridViewDeleteEventHandler(sender As Object, e As GridViewDeleteEventArgs)
Parameters
sender

The source of the event.

e

A GridViewDeleteEventArgs object that contains the event data.

Inheritance
GridViewDeleteEventHandlerGridViewDeleteEventHandlerGridViewDeleteEventHandlerGridViewDeleteEventHandler

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to programmatically add a GridViewDeleteEventHandler delegate to the RowDeleting event of a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
        
    // Create a new GridView control.
    GridView customersGridView = new GridView();
         
    // Set the GridView control's properties.          
    customersGridView.ID = "CustomersGridView";
    customersGridView.DataSourceID = "CustomersSqlDataSource"; 
    customersGridView.AutoGenerateColumns = true;
    customersGridView.AutoGenerateDeleteButton = true;
    customersGridView.DataKeyNames = new String[] {"CustomerID"};
       
    // Programmatically register the event-handling methods.
    customersGridView.RowDeleting += new GridViewDeleteEventHandler(this.CustomersGridView_RowDeleting);
        
    // Add the GridView object to the Controls collection
    // of the PlaceHolder control.
    GridViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customersGridView);
        
  }
    
  void CustomersGridView_RowDeleting(Object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
  {

    // User the sender parameter to retrieve the GridView control
    // that raised the event.
    GridView customersGridView = (GridView)sender;
    
    // Cancel the delete operation if the user attempts to remove
    // the last record from the GridView control.
    if (customersGridView.Rows.Count <= 1)
    {
        
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You must keep at least one record.";
            
    }
    
  }  

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewDeleteEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridViewDeleteEventHandler Example</h3>
            
      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>
      
      <asp:placeholder id="GridViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        deletecommand="Delete from Customers where CustomerID = @CustomerID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            
    ' Create a new GridView control.
    Dim customersGridView As New GridView()
         
    ' Set the GridView control's properties.          
    customersGridView.ID = "CustomersGridView"
    customersGridView.DataSourceID = "CustomersSqlDataSource"
    customersGridView.AutoGenerateColumns = True
    customersGridView.AutoGenerateDeleteButton = True
    Dim keyArray() As String = {"CustomerID"}
    customersGridView.DataKeyNames = keyArray
       
    ' Programmatically register the event-handling methods.
    AddHandler customersGridView.RowDeleting, AddressOf CustomersGridView_RowDeleting
        
    ' Add the GridView object to the Controls collection
    ' of the PlaceHolder control.
    GridViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customersGridView)
        
  End Sub
    
  Sub CustomersGridView_RowDeleting(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewDeleteEventArgs)

    ' User the sender parameter to retrieve the GridView control
    ' that raised the event.
    Dim customersGridView As GridView = CType(sender, GridView)
    
    ' Cancel the delete operation if the user attempts to remove
    ' the last record from the GridView control.
    If customersGridView.Rows.Count <= 1 Then

      e.Cancel = True
      Message.Text = "You must keep at least one record."
            
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewDeleteEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridViewDeleteEventHandler Example</h3>
            
      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>
      
      <asp:placeholder id="GridViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        deletecommand="Delete from Customers where CustomerID = @CustomerID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following example demonstrates how to declaratively add a GridViewDeleteEventHandler delegate to the RowDeleting event of a GridView control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    void CustomersGridView_RowDeleting
        (Object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        TableCell cell = CustomersGridView.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[2];
        if (cell.Text == "Beaver")
        {
            e.Cancel = true;
            Message.Text = "You cannot delete customer Beaver.";
        }
        else
        {
            Message.Text = "";
        }
    }  

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowDeleting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <h3>
        GridView RowDeleting Example
    </h3>
    <asp:Label ID="Message" ForeColor="Red" runat="server" />
    <br />
    <asp:GridView ID="CustomersGridView" runat="server" 
        DataSourceID="CustomersSqlDataSource" 
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        AutoGenerateDeleteButton="True" 
        OnRowDeleting="CustomersGridView_RowDeleting"
        DataKeyNames="CustomerID,AddressID">
        <Columns>
            <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                HeaderText="FirstName" SortExpression="FirstName" />
            <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" HeaderText="LastName" 
                SortExpression="LastName" />
            <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" 
                SortExpression="City" />
            <asp:BoundField DataField="StateProvince" HeaderText="State" 
                SortExpression="StateProvince" />
        </Columns>
    </asp:GridView>
    <asp:SqlDataSource ID="CustomersSqlDataSource" runat="server"
        SelectCommand="SELECT SalesLT.CustomerAddress.CustomerID, 
            SalesLT.CustomerAddress.AddressID, 
            SalesLT.Customer.FirstName, 
            SalesLT.Customer.LastName, 
            SalesLT.Address.City, 
            SalesLT.Address.StateProvince 
            FROM SalesLT.Customer 
            INNER JOIN SalesLT.CustomerAddress 
            ON SalesLT.Customer.CustomerID = 
                SalesLT.CustomerAddress.CustomerID 
            INNER JOIN SalesLT.Address ON SalesLT.CustomerAddress.AddressID = 
                SalesLT.Address.AddressID"
        DeleteCommand="Delete from SalesLT.CustomerAddress where CustomerID = 
            @CustomerID and AddressID = @AddressID" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>">
        <DeleteParameters>
            <asp:Parameter Name="AddressID" />
            <asp:Parameter Name="CustomerID" />
        </DeleteParameters>
    </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    Private Sub CustomersGridView_RowDeleting _
        (ByVal sender As [Object], _
        ByVal e As GridViewDeleteEventArgs)
        Dim cell As TableCell
        cell = CustomersGridView.Rows(e.RowIndex).Cells(2)
        If cell.Text = "Beaver" Then
            e.Cancel = True
            Message.Text = "You cannot delete customer Beaver."
        Else
            Message.Text = ""
        End If
    End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowDeleting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <h3>
        GridView RowDeleting Example
    </h3>
    <asp:Label ID="Message" ForeColor="Red" runat="server" />
    <br />
    <asp:GridView ID="CustomersGridView" runat="server" 
        DataSourceID="CustomersSqlDataSource" 
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        AutoGenerateDeleteButton="True" 
        OnRowDeleting="CustomersGridView_RowDeleting"
        DataKeyNames="CustomerID,AddressID">
        <Columns>
            <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                HeaderText="FirstName" SortExpression="FirstName" />
            <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" HeaderText="LastName" 
                SortExpression="LastName" />
            <asp:BoundField DataField="City" HeaderText="City" 
                SortExpression="City" />
            <asp:BoundField DataField="StateProvince" HeaderText="State" 
                SortExpression="StateProvince" />
        </Columns>
    </asp:GridView>
    <asp:SqlDataSource ID="CustomersSqlDataSource" runat="server"
        SelectCommand="SELECT SalesLT.CustomerAddress.CustomerID, 
            SalesLT.CustomerAddress.AddressID, 
            SalesLT.Customer.FirstName, 
            SalesLT.Customer.LastName, 
            SalesLT.Address.City, 
            SalesLT.Address.StateProvince 
            FROM SalesLT.Customer 
            INNER JOIN SalesLT.CustomerAddress 
            ON SalesLT.Customer.CustomerID = 
                SalesLT.CustomerAddress.CustomerID 
            INNER JOIN SalesLT.Address ON SalesLT.CustomerAddress.AddressID = 
                SalesLT.Address.AddressID"
        DeleteCommand="Delete from SalesLT.CustomerAddress where CustomerID = 
            @CustomerID and AddressID = @AddressID" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>">
        <DeleteParameters>
            <asp:Parameter Name="AddressID" />
            <asp:Parameter Name="CustomerID" />
        </DeleteParameters>
    </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Remarks

The GridView control raises the RowDeleting event when a Delete button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Delete") is clicked, but before the GridView control deletes the record. This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the delete operation, whenever this event occurs.

When you create a GridViewDeleteEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about event-handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

Applies to

See Also