ListItem ListItem ListItem ListItem Class

Definition

Represents a data item in a data-bound list control. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class ListItem sealed : System::Web::UI::IAttributeAccessor, System::Web::UI::IParserAccessor, System::Web::UI::IStateManager
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.ComponentModel.ExpandableObjectConverter))]
public sealed class ListItem : System.Web.UI.IAttributeAccessor, System.Web.UI.IParserAccessor, System.Web.UI.IStateManager
type ListItem = class
    interface IStateManager
    interface IParserAccessor
    interface IAttributeAccessor
Public NotInheritable Class ListItem
Implements IAttributeAccessor, IParserAccessor, IStateManager
Inheritance
ListItemListItemListItemListItem
Attributes
Implements

Examples

The following example illustrates the use of ListItem controls within a ListBox control.

Note

The following code samples use the single-file code model and may not work correctly if copied directly into a code-behind file. Each code sample must be copied into an empty text file that has an .aspx extension. For more information on the Web Forms code model, see ASP.NET Web Forms Page Code Model.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
 <head>
    <title>ListBox Example</title>
<script language="C#" runat="server">
 
         void SubmitBtn_Click(Object Sender, EventArgs e) {
             if (ListBox1.SelectedIndex > -1) {
                 Label1.Text="You chose: " + ListBox1.SelectedItem.Text;
                 Label1.Text+="<br /> with value: " + ListBox1.SelectedItem.Value;
             }
         }
 
     </script>
 
 </head>
 <body>
 
     <h3>ListBox Example</h3>
     <br />
 
     <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
         <asp:ListBox id="ListBox1" Width="100px" runat="server">
             <asp:ListItem>Item 1</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem>Item 2</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem>Item 3</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem Value="Value 4">Item 4</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem Text="Item 5" Value="Value 5" Selected="True"/>
             <asp:ListItem>Item 6</asp:ListItem>
         </asp:ListBox>
 
         <asp:button Text="Submit" OnClick="SubmitBtn_Click" runat="server" />
         
         <br />
         
         <asp:Label id="Label1" font-names="Verdana" font-size="10pt" runat="server"/>
         
     </form>
 
 </body>
 </html>
          
<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
 <head>
    <title>ListBox Example</title>
<script language="VB" runat="server">
 
         Sub SubmitBtn_Click(Sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
             If ListBox1.SelectedIndex > -1 Then
                 Label1.Text = "You chose: " & ListBox1.SelectedItem.Text
                 Label1.Text &= "<br /> with value: " & ListBox1.SelectedItem.Value
             End If
         End Sub
 
     </script>
 
 </head>
 <body>
 
     <h3>ListBox Example</h3>
     <br />
 
     <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
         <asp:ListBox id="ListBox1" Width="100px" runat="server">
             <asp:ListItem>Item 1</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem>Item 2</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem>Item 3</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem Value="Value 4">Item 4</asp:ListItem>
             <asp:ListItem Text="Item 5" Value="Value 5" Selected="True"/>
             <asp:ListItem>Item 6</asp:ListItem>
         </asp:ListBox>
 
         <asp:button Text="Submit" OnClick="SubmitBtn_Click" runat="server" />
         
         <br />
         
         <asp:Label id="Label1" font-names="Verdana" font-size="10pt" runat="server"/>
         
     </form>
 
 </body>
 </html>
          
<!-- This example demonstrates how to select multiple items from a DataList and add the 
selected items to a DataGrid. The example uses a foreach loop to iterate through 
the ListItem objects in the ListItemCollection of ListBox1. -->

<!-- This example demonstrates how to select multiple items from a DataList 
and add the selected items to a DataGrid. The example uses a For Each loop 
to iterate through the ListItem objects in the ListItemCollection of ListBox1. -->

<%@ Page language="c#" AutoEventWireup="true"%>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script language="C#" runat="server">
            // Global Variables.
            private DataView dv;
            private DataTable dt = new DataTable();

            private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
            {
// <Snippet4>
                // Set the number of rows displayed in the ListBox to be
                // the number of items in the ListBoxCollection.
                ListBox1.Rows = ListBox1.Items.Count;
// </Snippet4>

                // If the DataTable is already stored in the Web form's default
                // HttpSessionState variable, then don't recreate the DataTable.
                if (Session["data"] == null)
                {
                    // Add columns to the DataTable.
                    dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item"));
                    dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price"));
            // Store the DataTable in the Session variable so it can 
                    // be accessed again later.
                    Session["data"] = dt;
                    
                    // Use the table to create a DataView, because the DataGrid
                    // can only bind to a data source that implements IEnumerable.
                    dv = new DataView(dt);
            
                    // Set the DataView as the data source, and bind it to the DataGrid.
                    DataGrid1.DataSource = dv;
                    DataGrid1.DataBind();
                }
            }

            private void addButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
            {
// <Snippet5>
                // Add the items selected in ListBox1 to DataGrid1.
                foreach (ListItem item in ListBox1.Items)
                {
                    if (item.Selected)
                    {
                        // Add the item to the DataGrid.
                        // First, get the DataTable from the Session variable.
                        dt = (DataTable)Session["data"];
            
                        if (dt != null)
                        { 
                            // Create a new DataRow in the DataTable.
                            DataRow dr = dt.NewRow();
                            // Add the item to the new DataRow.
                            dr["Item"] = item.Text;
                            // Add the item's value to the DataRow.
                            dr["Price"] = item.Value;
                            // Add the DataRow to the DataTable.
                            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
// </Snippet5>

                            // Rebind the data to DataGrid1.
                            dv = new DataView(dt);
                            DataGrid1.DataSource = dv;
                            DataGrid1.DataBind();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        </script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head>
    <title> ListItemCollection Example </title>
</head>
    
    <body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">

            <h3> ListItemCollection Example </h3>

            <table cellpadding="6" border="0">
                <tr>
                    <td valign="top">
                        <asp:ListBox id="ListBox1" runat="server" SelectionMode="Multiple">
                            <asp:ListItem Value=".89">apples</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value=".49">bananas</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="2.99">cherries</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="1.49">grapes</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="2.00">mangos</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="1.09">oranges</asp:ListItem>
                        </asp:ListBox>
                    </td>

                    <td valign="top">
                        <asp:Button id="addButton" runat="server" Text="Add -->"
                            Width="100px" OnClick="addButton_Click"></asp:Button>
                    </td>

                    <td valign="top">
                        <asp:DataGrid Runat="server" ID="DataGrid1" CellPadding="4">
                        </asp:DataGrid>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </table>        
        </form>
    </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" AutoEventWireup="true"%>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
            ' Global Variables.
            Private dv As DataView
            Private dt As New DataTable()

            Private Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs)
' <Snippet4>
                ' Set the number of rows displayed in the ListBox to be
                ' the number of items in the ListBoxCollection.
                ListBox1.Rows = ListBox1.Items.Count
' </Snippet4>

                ' If the DataTable is already stored in the Web form's default
                ' HttpSessionState variable, then don't recreate the DataTable.
                If Session("data") Is Nothing Then
                    ' Add columns to the DataTable.
                    dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Item"))
                    dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Price"))
            ' Store the DataTable in the Session variable so it can be 
                    ' accessed again later.
                    Session("data") = dt
                    
                    ' Use the table to create a DataView, because the DataGrid
                    ' can only bind to a data source that implements IEnumerable.
                    dv = New DataView(dt)
            
                    ' Set the DataView as the data source, and bind it to the DataGrid.
                    DataGrid1.DataSource = dv
                    DataGrid1.DataBind()
                End If
            End Sub

            Private Sub addButton_Click(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs)
' <Snippet5>
                ' Add the items selected in ListBox1 to DataGrid1.
                Dim item As ListItem
                For Each item In ListBox1.Items
                    If item.Selected Then
                        ' Add the item to the DataGrid.
                        ' First, get the DataTable from the Session variable.
                        dt = CType(Session("data"), DataTable)
            
                        If  Not (dt Is Nothing) Then
                            ' Create a new DataRow in the DataTable.
                            Dim dr As DataRow
                            dr = dt.NewRow()
                            ' Add the item to the new DataRow.
                            dr("Item") = item.Text
                            ' Add the item's value to the DataRow.
                            dr("Price") = item.Value
                            ' Add the DataRow to the DataTable.
                            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
' </Snippet5>

                            ' Rebind the data to DataGrid1.
                            dv = new DataView(dt)
                            DataGrid1.DataSource = dv
                            DataGrid1.DataBind()
                        End If
                    End If
                Next item
            End Sub
        </script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head>
    <title> ListItemCollection Example </title>
</head>
    
    <body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">

            <h3> ListItemCollection Example </h3>

            <table cellpadding="6" border="0">
                <tr>
                    <td valign="top">
                        <asp:ListBox id="ListBox1" runat="server" SelectionMode="Multiple">
                            <asp:ListItem Value=".89">apples</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value=".49">bananas</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="2.99">cherries</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="1.49">grapes</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="2.00">mangos</asp:ListItem>
                            <asp:ListItem Value="1.09">oranges</asp:ListItem>
                        </asp:ListBox>
                    </td>

                    <td valign="top">
                        <asp:Button id="addButton" runat="server" Text="Add -->"
                            Width="100px" OnClick="addButton_Click"></asp:Button>
                    </td>

                    <td valign="top">
                        <asp:DataGrid Runat="server" ID="DataGrid1" CellPadding="4">
                        </asp:DataGrid>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </table>        
        </form>
    </body>
</html>

Remarks

A ListItem control represents an individual data item within a data-bound list control, such as a ListBox or a RadioButtonList control.

There are several ways to specify the text displayed for an item in the list control. The most common method is by placing text in the inner HTML content. The inner HTML content is the text between the opening and closing tags of the ListItem control. You can also use the Text property to specify the text displayed in the list control for the item.

The Value property allows you to associate a value with the item in the list control, in addition to the text displayed in the control. For example, you can display text for an item in the list control, such as "Item 1", and use the Value property to specify a value for that item, such as "$1.99".

You can have any combination of the inner HTML content, Text, or Value properties set. The resulting HTML output for the ListItem control depends on the combination of these three properties that are set. For example, if all three properties are set as follows:

<asp:ListItem Value="Value 1" Text="Item 1">Inner 1</asp:ListItem>  

The inner HTML content is used for rendered inner HTML content and the Value property is used for the Value attribute. The resulting HTML rendering output is:

<option value="Value 1">Inner 1</option>  

The following table lists the combination of set properties and the corresponding property used for the rendered inner HTML content and Value attribute. The three columns on the left list the combination of set properties. The two columns on the right list which property value is used for the corresponding attribute.

Inner HTML content Text property Value property Rendered Inner HTML content Rendered Value attribute
Set Set Set Inner HTML content Value property
Set Set Not set Inner HTML content Inner HTML content
Set Not set Set Inner HTML content Value property
Set Not set Not set Inner HTML content Inner HTML text
Not set Set Set Text property Value property
Not set Set Not set Text property Text property
Not set Not set Set Value property Value property
Not set Not set Not set Not set Not set

Note

Because the Text and Value properties each have a default value of an empty string, it is possible to have empty list items in the list control.

When a list control is displayed, any ListItem control with its Selected property set to true appears highlighted in the control.

The ListItem control provides the Enabled property to allow you to specify whether a ListItem control is enabled or disabled. A ListItem control that is disabled is dimmed to indicate that it cannot be selected. Use this property to disable a ListItem control in either a RadioButtonList control or a CheckBoxList control.

Note

You cannot use this property to disable a ListItem control in a DropDownList control or ListBox control.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of ListItem, see the ListItem constructor.

Caution

This control can be used to display user input, which might include malicious client script. Check any information that is sent from a client for executable script, SQL statements, or other code before displaying it in your application. You can use validation controls to verify user input before displaying the input text in a control. ASP.NET provides an input request validation feature to block script and HTML in user input. For more information, see Securing Standard Controls, How to: Protect Against Script Exploits in a Web Application by Applying HTML Encoding to Strings, and Validating User Input in ASP.NET Web Pages.

Constructors

ListItem() ListItem() ListItem() ListItem()

Initializes a new instance of the ListItem class.

ListItem(String) ListItem(String) ListItem(String) ListItem(String)

Initializes a new instance of the ListItem class with the specified text data.

ListItem(String, String) ListItem(String, String) ListItem(String, String) ListItem(String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the ListItem class with the specified text and value data.

ListItem(String, String, Boolean) ListItem(String, String, Boolean) ListItem(String, String, Boolean) ListItem(String, String, Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the ListItem class with the specified text, value, and enabled data.

Properties

Attributes Attributes Attributes Attributes

Gets a collection of attribute name and value pairs for the ListItem that are not directly supported by the class.

Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the list item is enabled.

Selected Selected Selected Selected

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the item is selected.

Text Text Text Text

Gets or sets the text displayed in a list control for the item represented by the ListItem.

Value Value Value Value

Gets or sets the value associated with the ListItem.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object has the same value and text as the current list item.

FromString(String) FromString(String) FromString(String) FromString(String)

Creates a ListItem from the specified text.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as a hash function for a particular type, and is suitable for use in hashing algorithms and data structures like a hash table.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

Explicit Interface Implementations

IAttributeAccessor.GetAttribute(String) IAttributeAccessor.GetAttribute(String) IAttributeAccessor.GetAttribute(String) IAttributeAccessor.GetAttribute(String)

Returns the attribute value of the list item control having the specified attribute name.

IAttributeAccessor.SetAttribute(String, String) IAttributeAccessor.SetAttribute(String, String) IAttributeAccessor.SetAttribute(String, String) IAttributeAccessor.SetAttribute(String, String)

Sets an attribute of the list item control with the specified name and value.

IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object) IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object) IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object) IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject(Object)

Allows the Text property to be persisted as inner content.

IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState

For a description of this member, see IsTrackingViewState.

IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object)

For a description of this member, see LoadViewState(Object).

IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState()

For a description of this member, see SaveViewState().

IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState()

For a description of this member, see TrackViewState().

Applies to

See Also