ListView.Sorting ListView.Sorting ListView.Sorting ListView.Sorting Event

Definition

Occurs when a sort operation is requested, but before the ListView control handles the sort operation.

public:
 event EventHandler<System::Web::UI::WebControls::ListViewSortEventArgs ^> ^ Sorting;
public event EventHandler<System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListViewSortEventArgs> Sorting;
member this.Sorting : EventHandler<System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListViewSortEventArgs> 
Public Custom Event Sorting As EventHandler(Of ListViewSortEventArgs) 

Examples

The following example shows how create an event handler for the Sorting event.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">
  //<Snippet2>
  void ContactsListView_Sorting(Object sender, ListViewSortEventArgs e)
  {
    // Check the sort direction to set the image URL accordingly.
    string imgUrl;
    if (e.SortDirection == SortDirection.Ascending)
      imgUrl = "~/images/ascending.gif";
    else
      imgUrl = "~/images/descending.gif";
      
    // Check which field is being sorted
    // to set the visibility of the image controls.
    Image sortImage1 = (Image) ContactsListView.FindControl("SortImage1");
    Image sortImage2 = (Image)ContactsListView.FindControl("SortImage2");
    Image sortImage3 = (Image)ContactsListView.FindControl("SortImage3");
    switch (e.SortExpression)
    {
      case "FirstName":
        sortImage1.Visible = true;
        sortImage1.ImageUrl = imgUrl;
        sortImage2.Visible = false;
        sortImage3.Visible = false;
        break;
      case "LastName":
        sortImage1.Visible = false;
        sortImage2.Visible = true;
        sortImage2.ImageUrl = imgUrl;
        sortImage3.Visible = false;
        break;
      case "EmailAddress":
        sortImage1.Visible = false;
        sortImage2.Visible = false;
        sortImage3.Visible = true;
        sortImage3.ImageUrl = imgUrl;
        break;
    }
  }
  //</Snippet2>
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView Sorting Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      body  { font: 10pt Trebuchet MS, Arial, Tahoma; }
      td { border: 1px solid #E6E6FA; }
      .header {	background: #B0C4DE; }
      .alternatingItem { background: #edf5fd; }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>ListView Sorting Example</h3>
      
      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        OnSorting="ContactsListView_Sorting"
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table width="640px" runat="server" id="tblContacts">
            <tr class="header" align="center" runat="server">
              <td>
                <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SortByFirstNameButton"
                  CommandName="Sort" Text="First Name" 
                  CommandArgument="FirstName"/>
                <asp:Image runat="server" ID="SortImage1" 
                  ImageUrl="~/images/ascending.gif" Visible="false" />
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SortByLastNameButton"
                  CommandName="Sort" Text="Last Name"
                  CommandArgument="LastName" />
                <asp:Image runat="server" ID="SortImage2" 
                  ImageUrl="~/images/ascending.gif" Visible="false" />
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SortByEmailButton"
                  CommandName="Sort" Text="Email Address" 
                  CommandArgument="EmailAddress" />
                <asp:Image runat="server" ID="SortImage3" 
                  ImageUrl="~/images/ascending.gif" Visible="false" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <AlternatingItemTemplate>
          <tr class="alternatingItem" runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </AlternatingItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact" >
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">
 '<Snippet2>
  Sub ContactsListView_Sorting(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As ListViewSortEventArgs) 
  
    ' Check the sort direction to set the image URL accordingly.
    Dim imgUrl As String
    If e.SortDirection = SortDirection.Ascending Then
      imgUrl = "~/images/ascending.gif"
    Else
      imgUrl = "~/images/descending.gif"
    End If
    
    ' Check which field is being sorted
    ' to set the visibility of the image controls.
    Dim sortImage1 As Image = CType(ContactsListView.FindControl("SortImage1"), Image)
    Dim sortImage2 As Image = CType(ContactsListView.FindControl("SortImage2"), Image)
    Dim sortImage3 As Image = CType(ContactsListView.FindControl("SortImage3"), Image)
    
    Select Case e.SortExpression
      Case "FirstName"
        sortImage1.Visible = True
        sortImage1.ImageUrl = imgUrl
        sortImage2.Visible = False
        sortImage3.Visible = False
      Case "LastName"
        sortImage1.Visible = False
        sortImage2.Visible = True
        sortImage2.ImageUrl = imgUrl
        sortImage3.Visible = False
      Case "EmailAddress"
        sortImage1.Visible = False
        sortImage2.Visible = False
        sortImage3.Visible = True
        sortImage3.ImageUrl = imgUrl
    End Select
    
  End Sub
  '</Snippet2>
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView Sorting Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      body  { font: 10pt Trebuchet MS, Arial, Tahoma; }
      td { border: 1px solid #E6E6FA; }
      .header {	background: #B0C4DE; }
      .alternatingItem { background: #edf5fd; }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>ListView Sorting Example</h3>
      
      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        OnSorting="ContactsListView_Sorting"
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table width="640px" runat="server" id="tblContacts">
            <tr class="header" align="center" runat="server">
              <td>
                <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SortByFirstNameButton"
                  CommandName="Sort" Text="First Name" 
                  CommandArgument="FirstName"/>
                <asp:Image runat="server" ID="SortImage1" 
                  ImageUrl="~/images/ascending.gif" Visible="false" />
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SortByLastNameButton"
                  CommandName="Sort" Text="Last Name"
                  CommandArgument="LastName" />
                <asp:Image runat="server" ID="SortImage2" 
                  ImageUrl="~/images/ascending.gif" Visible="false" />
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SortByEmailButton"
                  CommandName="Sort" Text="Email Address" 
                  CommandArgument="EmailAddress" />
                <asp:Image runat="server" ID="SortImage3" 
                  ImageUrl="~/images/ascending.gif" Visible="false" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <AlternatingItemTemplate>
          <tr class="alternatingItem" runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </AlternatingItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>
      
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact" >
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Remarks

The Sorting event is raised when a Sort button is clicked or the Sort method is called, but before the ListView control handles the sort operation. (A Sort button is a button control whose CommandName property is set to "Sort".) This enables you to perform a custom routine whenever this event occurs, such as customizing the sort expression.

A ListViewSortEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which enables you to determine the sort expression for the column. It also lets you indicate that the sort operation should be canceled. To cancel the sort operation, set the Cancel property of the ListViewSortEventArgs object to true.

For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Applies to

See also