MailDefinition Class

Definition

Allows a control to create email messages from text files or strings. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class MailDefinition sealed : System::Web::UI::IStateManager
[System.ComponentModel.Bindable(false)]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Web.UI.WebControls.EmptyStringExpandableObjectConverter))]
public sealed class MailDefinition : System.Web.UI.IStateManager
type MailDefinition = class
    interface IStateManager
Public NotInheritable Class MailDefinition
Implements IStateManager
Inheritance
MailDefinition
Attributes
Implements

Examples

The following code example creates an Internet email message from a Web Forms page. You can either enter the text of the message in the form or enter the name of a text file to use as the body of the mail. The code defines two string replacements for the message: the recipient list from the form's To text box will replace the string "<%To%>", and the text specified in the From property will replace the string "<%From%>".

On the Web Forms page that this code generates, you can click Create email and display only to create an email message and display the properties of the MailMessage object in the Web page. Click Create email and send to both display the email message in the Web page and send the message to the recipients using Internet email.

Important

This control has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ page language="C#"%>
<%@ import namespace="System.Net.Mail"%>
<%@ import namespace="System.Reflection"%>
<%@ import namespace="System.Collections.Specialized"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    HtmlTable ShowMessage(System.Net.Mail.MailMessage msg)
    {
        HtmlTable table = new HtmlTable();
        HtmlTableRow topRow = new HtmlTableRow();
        HtmlTableCell fieldHeaderCell = new HtmlTableCell();
        HtmlTableCell valueHeaderCell = new HtmlTableCell();
        fieldHeaderCell.InnerText = "Field";
        topRow.Cells.Add(fieldHeaderCell);
        valueHeaderCell.InnerText = "Value";
        topRow.Cells.Add(valueHeaderCell);
        table.Rows.Add(topRow);
        
        foreach(PropertyInfo p in msg.GetType().GetProperties())
        {
            HtmlTableRow row = new HtmlTableRow();
            
            HtmlTableCell labelCell = new HtmlTableCell();
            
            HtmlTableCell valueCell = new HtmlTableCell();
 
            if (!((p.Name == "Headers") ||
                  (p.Name == "Fields")  ||
                  (p.Name == "Attachments")))
            {            
                labelCell.InnerText = String.Format("{0}",p.Name);
                row.Cells.Add(labelCell);

                valueCell.InnerText = String.Format("{0}",p.GetValue(msg,null));
                row.Cells.Add(valueCell);
            }
            
            table.Rows.Add(row);
        }
        
        return table;
    }
    
    System.Net.Mail.MailMessage CreateMessage()
    {
        // <Snippet2>
        MailDefinition md = new MailDefinition();
        // </Snippet2>
        // <Snippet3>
        md.BodyFileName = sourceMailFile.Text;
        // </Snippet3>
        // <Snippet4>
        md.CC = sourceCC.Text;
        // </Snippet4>
        // <Snippet5>
        md.From = sourceFrom.Text;
        // </Snippet5>
        // <Snippet6>
        md.Subject = sourceSubject.Text;
        // </Snippet6>
        // <Snippet10>
        if (sourcePriority.SelectedValue == "Normal")
        {
            md.Priority = MailPriority.Normal;
        }
        else if (sourcePriority.SelectedValue == "High")
        {
            md.Priority = MailPriority.High;
        }
        else if (sourcePriority.SelectedValue == "Low")
        {
            md.Priority = MailPriority.Low;
        }
        // </Snippet10>
        
        // <Snippet7>
        ListDictionary replacements = new ListDictionary();
        replacements.Add("<%To%>",sourceTo.Text);
        replacements.Add("<%From%>", md.From);
        // </Snippet7>
        if (true == useFile.Checked)
        { 
            // <Snippet8>
            System.Net.Mail.MailMessage fileMsg;
            fileMsg = md.CreateMailMessage(sourceTo.Text, replacements, this); 
            // </Snippet8>
            return fileMsg;
        } 
        else
        {
            // <Snippet9>
            System.Net.Mail.MailMessage textMsg;
            textMsg = md.CreateMailMessage(sourceTo.Text, replacements, sourceBodyText.Text, this);
            // </Snippet9>
            return textMsg;
        }
    }
    
    void createEMail_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        System.Net.Mail.MailMessage msg = CreateMessage();
        
        PlaceHolder1.Controls.Add(ShowMessage(msg));          
    }
    
    void sendEMail_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        System.Net.Mail.MailMessage msg = CreateMessage();
        
        PlaceHolder1.Controls.Add(ShowMessage(msg));          
        
        errorMsg.Text = String.Empty;
        try {
            SmtpClient sc = new SmtpClient();
            sc.Send(msg);
        }
        catch (HttpException ex) {
          errorMsg.Text = ex.ToString();
        }
    }
    
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head runat="server">
    <title>Create an email message</title>
</head>
<body>
        <form id="Form1" runat="server">
            <table id="Table1" cellspacing="1" 
                style="padding:1; width:450px; text-align:center">
                <tr>
                    <td align="center" colspan="3">
                        <h3>Create an email message</h3>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">To:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceTo" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;
                        <asp:requiredfieldvalidator id="RequiredFieldValidator1" 
                          runat="server" errormessage="*" controltovalidate="sourceTo">
                        </asp:requiredfieldvalidator>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">Cc:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceCC" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">From:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceFrom" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;
                        <asp:requiredfieldvalidator id="RequiredFieldValidator2" 
                          runat="server" errormessage="*" controltovalidate="sourceFrom">
                        </asp:requiredfieldvalidator>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">Subject:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceSubject" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">
                    Priority</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:dropdownlist id="sourcePriority" runat="server">
                            <asp:listitem value="Low">Low</asp:listitem>
                            <asp:listitem value="Normal" selected="true">Normal
                            </asp:listitem>
                            <asp:listitem value="High">High</asp:listitem>
                        </asp:dropdownlist>&nbsp;</td>
                    <td>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">Source:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <table id="Table2" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%">
                            <tr>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 100px">
                                    <asp:radiobutton id="useFile" runat="server" text="Use file" 
                                      width="80px" groupname="textSource" checked="True">
                                    </asp:radiobutton>&nbsp;</td>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 11px">
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                    <p style="text-align:right">File name:</p>
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                    <asp:textbox id="sourceMailFile" runat="server" columns="22">
                                    mail.txt</asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                            </tr>
                            <tr>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 100px">
                                    <asp:radiobutton id="useText" runat="server" 
                                        text="Enter text" width="80px" height="22px" 
                                        groupname="textSource">
                                    </asp:radiobutton>&nbsp;</td>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 11px">
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                </td>
                            </tr>
                        </table>
                    </td>
                    <td>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="center" colspan="3">
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceBodyText" runat="server" columns="51" 
                            textmode="MultiLine" rows="15">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="center" colspan="3">
                        <asp:button id="createEMail" runat="server" 
                            text="Create email and display only"
                            onclick="createEMail_Click">
                        </asp:button>
                        <asp:button id="sendEMail" runat="server" 
                            text="Create email and send">
                        </asp:button></td>
                </tr>
            </table>
            <p>&nbsp;</p>
            <p>
                <asp:placeholder id="PlaceHolder1" runat="server">
                </asp:placeholder>&nbsp;
            </p>
            <p>
                <asp:literal id="errorMsg" runat="server">
                </asp:literal>
            </p>
        </form>
    </body>
</html>
<%@ page language="VB"%>
<%@ import namespace="System.Net.Mail"%>
<%@ import namespace="System.Reflection"%>
<%@ import namespace="System.Collections.Specialized"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">               
    Function ShowMessage(ByVal msg As System.Net.Mail.MailMessage) As HtmlTable
        Dim table As HtmlTable = New HtmlTable
        Dim topRow As HtmlTableRow = New HtmlTableRow
        Dim fieldHeaderCell As HtmlTableCell = New HtmlTableCell
        Dim valueHeaderCell As HtmlTableCell = New HtmlTableCell

        fieldHeaderCell.InnerText = "Field"
        topRow.Cells.Add(fieldHeaderCell)
        valueHeaderCell.InnerText = "Value"
        topRow.Cells.Add(valueHeaderCell)
        table.Rows.Add(topRow)

        Dim p As PropertyInfo
        For Each p In msg.GetType().GetProperties()
            Dim row As HtmlTableRow = New HtmlTableRow
            Dim labelCell As HtmlTableCell = New HtmlTableCell
            Dim valueCell As HtmlTableCell = New HtmlTableCell
        
            If (Not ((p.Name = "Headers") Or _
                   (p.Name = "Fields") Or _
                   (p.Name = "Attachments"))) Then
                labelCell.InnerText = String.Format("{0}", p.Name)
                row.Cells.Add(labelCell)
            
                valueCell.InnerText = String.Format("{0}", p.GetValue(msg, Nothing))
                row.Cells.Add(valueCell)
            End If
            table.Rows.Add(row)
        Next
        Return table
    End Function

    Function CreateMessage() As System.Net.Mail.MailMessage
        ' <Snippet2>
        Dim md As MailDefinition = New MailDefinition
        ' </Snippet2>

        ' <Snippet3>
        md.BodyFileName = sourceMailFile.Text
        ' </Snippet3>

        ' <Snippet4>
        md.CC = sourceCC.Text
        ' </Snippet4>

        ' <Snippet5>
        md.From = sourceFrom.Text
        ' </Snippet5>

        ' <Snippet6>
        md.Subject = sourceSubject.Text
        ' </Snippet6>

        ' <Snippet10>
        If sourcePriority.SelectedValue = "Normal" Then
            md.Priority = MailPriority.Normal
        ElseIf sourcePriority.SelectedValue = "High" Then
            md.Priority = MailPriority.High
        ElseIf sourcePriority.SelectedValue = "Low" Then
            md.Priority = MailPriority.Low
        End If
        ' </Snippet10>

        ' <Snippet7>
        Dim replacements As ListDictionary = New ListDictionary
        replacements.Add("<%To%>", sourceTo.Text)
        replacements.Add("<%From%>", sourceFrom.Text)
        ' </Snippet7>

        If useFile.Checked Then
            ' <Snippet8>
            Dim fileMsg As System.Net.Mail.MailMessage
            fileMsg = md.CreateMailMessage(sourceTo.Text, replacements, Me)
            ' </Snippet8>
            Return fileMsg
        Else
            ' <Snippet9>
            Dim textMsg As System.Net.Mail.MailMessage
            textMsg = md.CreateMailMessage(sourceTo.Text, replacements, sourceBodyText.Text, Me)
            ' </Snippet9>
            Return textMsg
        End If
    End Function

    Sub createEMail_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim msg As System.Net.Mail.MailMessage = CreateMessage()
        PlaceHolder1.Controls.Add(ShowMessage(msg))
    End Sub

    Sub sendEMail_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim msg As System.Net.Mail.MailMessage = CreateMessage()
        PlaceHolder1.Controls.Add(ShowMessage(msg))

        Try
            Dim sc As SmtpClient
            sc = New SmtpClient()
            sc.Send(msg)
        Catch ex As Exception
            errorMsg.Text = ex.ToString()
        End Try
    End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head runat="server">
    <title>Create an email message</title>
</head>
<body>
        <form id="Form1" runat="server">
            <table id="Table1" cellspacing="1" 
                style="padding:1; width:450px; text-align:center">
                <tr>
                    <td align="center" colspan="3">
                        <h3>Create an email message</h3>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">To:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceTo" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;<asp:requiredfieldvalidator 
                            id="RequiredFieldValidator1" runat="server" errormessage="*"
                            controltovalidate="sourceTo">
                        </asp:requiredfieldvalidator>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">Cc:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceCC" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">From:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceFrom" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;<asp:requiredfieldvalidator 
                            id="RequiredFieldValidator2" runat="server" errormessage="*"
                            controltovalidate="sourceFrom">
                        </asp:requiredfieldvalidator>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">
                    Priority</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:dropdownlist id="sourcePriority" runat="server">
                            <asp:listitem value="Low">Low</asp:listitem>
                            <asp:listitem value="Normal" selected="true">Normal</asp:listitem>
                            <asp:listitem value="High">High</asp:listitem>
                        </asp:dropdownlist>&nbsp;</td>
                    <td>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">Subject:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceSubject" runat="server" columns="54">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="right">Source:</td>
                    <td style="WIDTH: 10px">
                    </td>
                    <td>
                        <table id="Table2" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%">
                            <tr>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 100px">
                                    <asp:radiobutton id="useFile" runat="server" 
                                        text="Use file" width="80px" groupname="textSource"
                                        checked="True">
                                    </asp:radiobutton>&nbsp;</td>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 11px">
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                    <p style="text-align:right">File name:</p>
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                    <asp:textbox id="sourceMailFile" runat="server" columns="22">
                                    mail.txt</asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                            </tr>
                            <tr>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 100px">
                                    <asp:radiobutton id="useText" runat="server" 
                                        text="Enter text" width="80px" height="22px"
                                        groupname="textSource">
                                    </asp:radiobutton>&nbsp;</td>
                                <td style="WIDTH: 11px">
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                </td>
                                <td>
                                </td>
                            </tr>
                        </table>
                    </td>
                    <td>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="center" colspan="3">
                        <asp:textbox id="sourceBodyText" runat="server" columns="51" 
                            textmode="MultiLine" rows="15">
                        </asp:textbox>&nbsp;</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td align="center" colspan="3">
                        <asp:button id="createEMail" runat="server" 
                            text="Create email and display only" onclick="createEMail_Click">
                        </asp:button>
                        <asp:button id="sendEMail" runat="server" text="Create email and send">
                        </asp:button></td>
                </tr>
            </table>
            <p>&nbsp;</p>
            <p>
                <asp:placeholder id="PlaceHolder1" runat="server">
                </asp:placeholder>&nbsp;</p>
            <p>
                <asp:literal id="errorMsg" runat="server">
                </asp:literal></p>
        </form>
    </body>
</html>

Remarks

The MailDefinition class can be used by controls to create a MailMessage object from a text file or a string that contains the body of the email message. Use the MailDefinition class to simplify creating predefined email messages to be sent by a control. If you want to send email not using a control, see the System.Net.Mail class.

You can make text substitutions in the body of the email message by passing to the CreateMailMessage method an IDictionary instance that maps strings to their replacements.

The MailMessage object created by the MailDefinition class is sent using the Send method of the SmtpClient class. To be able to send email, you must configure an SMTP mail server in your Web.config file. For more information, see the <smtp> Element (Network Settings).

Note

The MailDefinition class does not support data binding. Properties of the MailDefinition class cannot be bound to data using the <%# %> data-binding expression syntax.

Constructors

MailDefinition()

Initializes a new instance of the MailDefinition class.

Properties

BodyFileName

Gets or sets the name of the file that contains text for the body of the email message.

CC

Gets or sets a comma-separated list of email addresses to send a copy (CC) of the message to.

EmbeddedObjects

Gets a collection of EmbeddedMailObject instances, typically used to embed images in a MailDefinition object before sending an email to a user.

From

Gets or sets the email address of the message sender.

IsBodyHtml

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the body of the email is HTML.

Priority

Gets or sets the priority of the email message.

Subject

Gets or sets the subject line of the email message.

Methods

CreateMailMessage(String, IDictionary, Control)

Creates an email message from a text file to send by means of SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

CreateMailMessage(String, IDictionary, String, Control)

Creates an email message with replacements from a text file to send by means of SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Explicit Interface Implementations

IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState

Gets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state.

IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object)

Restores view-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveViewState() method.

IStateManager.SaveViewState()

Saves any server control view-state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server.

IStateManager.TrackViewState()

Causes tracking of view-state changes to the server control so they can be stored in the server control's StateBag object.

Applies to

See also