DataGridViewColumn.ContextMenuStrip Property


Gets or sets the shortcut menu for the column.

 virtual property System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip ^ ContextMenuStrip { System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip ^ get(); void set(System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip ^ value); };
public override System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenuStrip ContextMenuStrip { get; set; }
member this.ContextMenuStrip : System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenuStrip with get, set
Public Overrides Property ContextMenuStrip As ContextMenuStrip

Property Value

The ContextMenuStrip associated with the current DataGridViewColumn. The default is null.


The following code example uses the ContextMenuStrip property to add functionality for changing a cell's background color.

ToolStripMenuItem^ toolStripItem1;
void AddContextMenu()
   toolStripItem1->Text = L"Redden";
   toolStripItem1->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &DataGridViewColumnDemo::toolStripItem1_Click );
   System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip^ strip = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = dataGridView->Columns->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      DataGridViewColumn^ column = safe_cast<DataGridViewColumn^>(myEnum->Current);
      column->ContextMenuStrip = strip;
      column->ContextMenuStrip->Items->Add( toolStripItem1 );

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ mouseLocation;

// Change the cell's color.
void toolStripItem1_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*args*/ )
   dataGridView->Rows[ mouseLocation->RowIndex ]->Cells[ mouseLocation->ColumnIndex ]->Style->BackColor = Color::Red;

// Deal with hovering over a cell.
void dataGridView_CellMouseEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ location )
   mouseLocation = location;

ToolStripMenuItem toolStripItem1 = new ToolStripMenuItem();

private void AddContextMenu()
    toolStripItem1.Text = "Redden";
    toolStripItem1.Click += new EventHandler(toolStripItem1_Click);
    ContextMenuStrip strip = new ContextMenuStrip();
    foreach (DataGridViewColumn column in dataGridView.Columns)

        column.ContextMenuStrip = strip;

private DataGridViewCellEventArgs mouseLocation;

// Change the cell's color.
private void toolStripItem1_Click(object sender, EventArgs args)
        = Color.Red;

// Deal with hovering over a cell.
private void dataGridView_CellMouseEnter(object sender,
    DataGridViewCellEventArgs location)
    mouseLocation = location;
WithEvents toolStripItem1 As New ToolStripMenuItem()

Private Sub AddContextMenu()
    toolStripItem1.Text = "Redden"
    Dim strip As New ContextMenuStrip()
    For Each column As DataGridViewColumn _
        In dataGridView.Columns()

        column.ContextMenuStrip = strip
End Sub
' Change the cell's color.
Private Sub toolStripItem1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As EventArgs) _
    Handles toolStripItem1.Click

    dataGridView.Rows(mouseLocation.RowIndex) _
        .Cells(mouseLocation.ColumnIndex) _
        .Style.BackColor = Color.Red
End Sub

Private mouseLocation As DataGridViewCellEventArgs

' Deal with hovering over a cell.
Private Sub dataGridView_CellMouseEnter(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal location As DataGridViewCellEventArgs) _
    Handles DataGridView.CellMouseEnter

    mouseLocation = location
End Sub


The shortcut menu appears when a user clicks the right mouse button in the column's display area.

Applies to

See also