ListViewGroupCollection.Clear ListViewGroupCollection.Clear ListViewGroupCollection.Clear ListViewGroupCollection.Clear Method

Definition

Removes all groups from the collection.

public:
 virtual void Clear();
public void Clear ();
abstract member Clear : unit -> unit
override this.Clear : unit -> unit
Public Sub Clear ()

Implements

Examples

The following example demonstrates how the Clear method can be used in an application that organizes ListView items by subitem value in the details view. This form of grouping is similar to the grouping used in Windows Explorer. In the example, the groups are created dynamically. For each subitem column, one group is created for each unique subitem value. For the parent item column, one group is created for each unique initial letter. The groups created for each column are stored in a hash table along with the subitem text or initial letter. When a column header is clicked, the ListViewGroupCollection is cleared. The hash table corresponding to the clicked column is then retrieved and each item is assigned to the appropriate group. Finally, a sorted array of the groups in the hash table is added to the ListViewGroupCollection.

For the complete example, see the ListViewGroupCollection overview reference topic.

   // Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
private:
   void SetGroups(int column)
   {
      // Remove the current groups.
      myListView->Groups->Clear();

      // Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
      Hashtable^ groups = dynamic_cast<Hashtable^>(groupTables[column]);

      // Copy the groups for the column to an array.
      array<ListViewGroup^>^ groupsArray = gcnew array<ListViewGroup^>(groups->Count);
      groups->Values->CopyTo(groupsArray, 0);

      // Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
      Array::Sort(groupsArray, gcnew ListViewGroupSorter(myListView->Sorting));
      myListView->Groups->AddRange(groupsArray);

      // Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
      // one to the appropriate group.
      IEnumerator^ myEnum = myListView->Items->GetEnumerator();
      while (myEnum->MoveNext())
      {
         ListViewItem^ item = safe_cast<ListViewItem^>(myEnum->Current);
         // Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
         String^ subItemText = item->SubItems[column]->Text;

         // For the Title column, use only the first letter.
         if (column == 0) 
         {
            subItemText = subItemText->Substring(0, 1);
         }

         // Assign the item to the matching group.
         item->Group = dynamic_cast<ListViewGroup^>(groups[subItemText]);
      }
   }
// Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
private void SetGroups(int column)
{
    // Remove the current groups.
    myListView.Groups.Clear();

    // Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
    Hashtable groups = (Hashtable)groupTables[column];

    // Copy the groups for the column to an array.
    ListViewGroup[] groupsArray = new ListViewGroup[groups.Count];
    groups.Values.CopyTo(groupsArray, 0);

    // Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
    Array.Sort(groupsArray, new ListViewGroupSorter(myListView.Sorting));
    myListView.Groups.AddRange(groupsArray);

    // Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
    // one to the appropriate group.
    foreach (ListViewItem item in myListView.Items)
    {
        // Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
        string subItemText = item.SubItems[column].Text;

        // For the Title column, use only the first letter.
        if (column == 0) 
        {
            subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1);
        }

        // Assign the item to the matching group.
        item.Group = (ListViewGroup)groups[subItemText];
    }
}
' Sets myListView to the groups created for the specified column.
Private Sub SetGroups(column As Integer)
    ' Remove the current groups.
    myListView.Groups.Clear()
    
    ' Retrieve the hash table corresponding to the column.
    Dim groups As Hashtable = CType(groupTables(column), Hashtable)
    
    ' Copy the groups for the column to an array.
    Dim groupsArray(groups.Count - 1) As ListViewGroup
    groups.Values.CopyTo(groupsArray, 0)
    
    ' Sort the groups and add them to myListView.
    Array.Sort(groupsArray, New ListViewGroupSorter(myListView.Sorting))
    myListView.Groups.AddRange(groupsArray)
    
    ' Iterate through the items in myListView, assigning each 
    ' one to the appropriate group.
    Dim item As ListViewItem
    For Each item In myListView.Items
        ' Retrieve the subitem text corresponding to the column.
        Dim subItemText As String = item.SubItems(column).Text
        
        ' For the Title column, use only the first letter.
        If column = 0 Then
            subItemText = subItemText.Substring(0, 1)
        End If 

        ' Assign the item to the matching group.
        item.Group = CType(groups(subItemText), ListViewGroup)
    Next item
End Sub

Remarks

Use this method to remove all the groups from the collection. Note that removing groups from the ListView.Groups collection does not remove items from the ListView control.

This method is useful to disable the grouping feature. When there are no groups in a ListView control, the items appear normally. To remove individual groups from the collection, use the Remove or RemoveAt method.

This method is also useful when you want to provide multiple ways to group the items. To change the grouping, first use the Clear method to remove all the groups from the collection, then use the AddRange method to add a different array of groups.

Applies to