NotifyIcon NotifyIcon NotifyIcon NotifyIcon Class

Definition

Specifies a component that creates an icon in the notification area. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class NotifyIcon sealed : System::ComponentModel::Component
public sealed class NotifyIcon : System.ComponentModel.Component
type NotifyIcon = class
    inherit Component
Public NotInheritable Class NotifyIcon
Inherits Component
Inheritance

Examples

The following code example demonstrates using the NotifyIcon class to display an icon for an application in the notification area. The example demonstrates setting the Icon, ContextMenu, Text, and Visible properties and handling the DoubleClick event. A ContextMenu with an Exit item on it is assigned to the NotifyIcon.ContextMenu property, which allows the user to close the application. When the DoubleClick event occurs, the application form is activated by calling the Form.Activate method.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:
   System::Windows::Forms::NotifyIcon^ notifyIcon1;
   System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenu^ contextMenu1;
   System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem^ menuItem1;
   System::ComponentModel::IContainer^ components;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      this->components = gcnew System::ComponentModel::Container;
      this->contextMenu1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenu;
      this->menuItem1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      
      // Initialize contextMenu1
      array<System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem^>^temp0 = {this->menuItem1};
      this->contextMenu1->MenuItems->AddRange( temp0 );
      
      // Initialize menuItem1
      this->menuItem1->Index = 0;
      this->menuItem1->Text = "E&xit";
      this->menuItem1->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::menuItem1_Click );
      
      // Set up how the form should be displayed.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Text = "Notify Icon Example";
      
      // Create the NotifyIcon.
      this->notifyIcon1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::NotifyIcon( this->components );
      
      // The Icon property sets the icon that will appear
      // in the systray for this application.
      notifyIcon1->Icon = gcnew System::Drawing::Icon( "appicon.ico" );
      
      // The ContextMenu property sets the menu that will
      // appear when the systray icon is right clicked.
      notifyIcon1->ContextMenu = this->contextMenu1;
      
      // The Text property sets the text that will be displayed,
      // in a tooltip, when the mouse hovers over the systray icon.
      notifyIcon1->Text = "Form1 (NotifyIcon example)";
      notifyIcon1->Visible = true;
      
      // Handle the DoubleClick event to activate the form.
      notifyIcon1->DoubleClick += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::notifyIcon1_DoubleClick );
   }

protected:
   ~Form1()
   {
      if ( components != nullptr )
      {
         delete components;
      }
   }

private:
   void notifyIcon1_DoubleClick( Object^ /*Sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Show the form when the user double clicks on the notify icon.
      // Set the WindowState to normal if the form is minimized.
      if ( this->WindowState == FormWindowState::Minimized )
            this->WindowState = FormWindowState::Normal;
      
      // Activate the form.
      this->Activate();
   }

   void menuItem1_Click( Object^ /*Sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Close the form, which closes the application.
      this->Close();
   }

};

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
    private System.Windows.Forms.NotifyIcon notifyIcon1;
    private System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenu contextMenu1;
    private System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem menuItem1;
    private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components;

    [STAThread]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    public Form1()
    {
        this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();
        this.contextMenu1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenu();
        this.menuItem1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();

        // Initialize contextMenu1
        this.contextMenu1.MenuItems.AddRange(
                    new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] {this.menuItem1});

        // Initialize menuItem1
        this.menuItem1.Index = 0;
        this.menuItem1.Text = "E&xit";
        this.menuItem1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.menuItem1_Click);

        // Set up how the form should be displayed.
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Text = "Notify Icon Example";

        // Create the NotifyIcon.
        this.notifyIcon1 = new System.Windows.Forms.NotifyIcon(this.components);

        // The Icon property sets the icon that will appear
        // in the systray for this application.
        notifyIcon1.Icon = new Icon("appicon.ico");

        // The ContextMenu property sets the menu that will
        // appear when the systray icon is right clicked.
        notifyIcon1.ContextMenu = this.contextMenu1;

        // The Text property sets the text that will be displayed,
        // in a tooltip, when the mouse hovers over the systray icon.
        notifyIcon1.Text = "Form1 (NotifyIcon example)";
        notifyIcon1.Visible = true;

        // Handle the DoubleClick event to activate the form.
        notifyIcon1.DoubleClick += new System.EventHandler(this.notifyIcon1_DoubleClick);

    }

    protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
    {
        // Clean up any components being used.
        if( disposing )
            if (components != null)
                components.Dispose();            

        base.Dispose( disposing );
    }

    private void notifyIcon1_DoubleClick(object Sender, EventArgs e) 
    {
        // Show the form when the user double clicks on the notify icon.

        // Set the WindowState to normal if the form is minimized.
        if (this.WindowState == FormWindowState.Minimized)
            this.WindowState = FormWindowState.Normal;

        // Activate the form.
        this.Activate();
    }

    private void menuItem1_Click(object Sender, EventArgs e) {
        // Close the form, which closes the application.
        this.Close();
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public NotInheritable Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Private contextMenu1 As System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenu
    Friend WithEvents menuItem1 As System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem
    Friend WithEvents notifyIcon1 As System.Windows.Forms.NotifyIcon
    Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

    <System.STAThread()> _
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub 'Main

    Public Sub New()

        Me.components = New System.ComponentModel.Container
        Me.contextMenu1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenu
        Me.menuItem1 = New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem

        ' Initialize contextMenu1
        Me.contextMenu1.MenuItems.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem() _
                            {Me.menuItem1})

        ' Initialize menuItem1
        Me.menuItem1.Index = 0
        Me.menuItem1.Text = "E&xit"

        ' Set up how the form should be displayed.
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Text = "Notify Icon Example"

        ' Create the NotifyIcon.
        Me.notifyIcon1 = New System.Windows.Forms.NotifyIcon(Me.components)

        ' The Icon property sets the icon that will appear
        ' in the systray for this application.
        notifyIcon1.Icon = New Icon("appicon.ico")

        ' The ContextMenu property sets the menu that will
        ' appear when the systray icon is right clicked.
        notifyIcon1.ContextMenu = Me.contextMenu1

        ' The Text property sets the text that will be displayed,
        ' in a tooltip, when the mouse hovers over the systray icon.
        notifyIcon1.Text = "Form1 (NotifyIcon example)"
        notifyIcon1.Visible = True
    End Sub 'New
    
    Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        ' Clean up any components being used.
        If disposing Then
            If (components IsNot Nothing) Then
                components.Dispose()
            End If
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub 'Dispose

    Private Sub notifyIcon1_DoubleClick(Sender as object, e as EventArgs) handles notifyIcon1.DoubleClick
        ' Show the form when the user double clicks on the notify icon.

        ' Set the WindowState to normal if the form is minimized.
        if (me.WindowState = FormWindowState.Minimized) then _
            me.WindowState = FormWindowState.Normal

        ' Activate the form.
        me.Activate()
    end sub

    Private Sub menuItem1_Click(Sender as object, e as EventArgs) handles menuItem1.Click
        ' Close the form, which closes the application.
        me.Close()
    end sub

End Class 'Form1

Remarks

Icons in the notification area are shortcuts to processes that are running in the background of a computer, such as a virus protection program or a volume control. These processes do not come with their own user interfaces. The NotifyIcon class provides a way to program in this functionality. The Icon property defines the icon that appears in the notification area. Pop-up menus for an icon are addressed with the ContextMenu property. The Text property assigns ToolTip text. In order for the icon to show up in the notification area, the Visible property must be set to true.

Constructors

NotifyIcon() NotifyIcon() NotifyIcon() NotifyIcon()

Initializes a new instance of the NotifyIcon class.

NotifyIcon(IContainer) NotifyIcon(IContainer) NotifyIcon(IContainer) NotifyIcon(IContainer)

Initializes a new instance of the NotifyIcon class with the specified container.

Properties

BalloonTipIcon BalloonTipIcon BalloonTipIcon BalloonTipIcon

Gets or sets the icon to display on the balloon tip associated with the NotifyIcon.

BalloonTipText BalloonTipText BalloonTipText BalloonTipText

Gets or sets the text to display on the balloon tip associated with the NotifyIcon.

BalloonTipTitle BalloonTipTitle BalloonTipTitle BalloonTipTitle

Gets or sets the title of the balloon tip displayed on the NotifyIcon.

CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents

Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(Inherited from Component)
Container Container Container Container

Gets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
ContextMenu ContextMenu ContextMenu ContextMenu

Gets or sets the shortcut menu for the icon.

ContextMenuStrip ContextMenuStrip ContextMenuStrip ContextMenuStrip

Gets or sets the shortcut menu associated with the NotifyIcon.

DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode

Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(Inherited from Component)
Events Events Events Events

Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Icon Icon Icon Icon

Gets or sets the current icon.

Site Site Site Site

Gets or sets the ISite of the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Tag Tag Tag Tag

Gets or sets an object that contains data about the NotifyIcon.

Text Text Text Text

Gets or sets the ToolTip text displayed when the mouse pointer rests on a notification area icon.

Visible Visible Visible Visible

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the icon is visible in the notification area of the taskbar.

Methods

CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type)

Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from Component)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService()

Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type)

Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(Inherited from Component)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService()

Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
ShowBalloonTip(Int32) ShowBalloonTip(Int32) ShowBalloonTip(Int32) ShowBalloonTip(Int32)

Displays a balloon tip in the taskbar for the specified time period.

ShowBalloonTip(Int32, String, String, ToolTipIcon) ShowBalloonTip(Int32, String, String, ToolTipIcon) ShowBalloonTip(Int32, String, String, ToolTipIcon) ShowBalloonTip(Int32, String, String, ToolTipIcon)

Displays a balloon tip with the specified title, text, and icon in the taskbar for the specified time period.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. This method should not be overridden.

(Inherited from Component)

Events

BalloonTipClicked BalloonTipClicked BalloonTipClicked BalloonTipClicked

Occurs when the balloon tip is clicked.

BalloonTipClosed BalloonTipClosed BalloonTipClosed BalloonTipClosed

Occurs when the balloon tip is closed by the user.

BalloonTipShown BalloonTipShown BalloonTipShown BalloonTipShown

Occurs when the balloon tip is displayed on the screen.

Click Click Click Click

Occurs when the user clicks the icon in the notification area.

Disposed Disposed Disposed Disposed

Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(Inherited from Component)
DoubleClick DoubleClick DoubleClick DoubleClick

Occurs when the user double-clicks the icon in the notification area of the taskbar.

MouseClick MouseClick MouseClick MouseClick

Occurs when the user clicks a NotifyIcon with the mouse.

MouseDoubleClick MouseDoubleClick MouseDoubleClick MouseDoubleClick

Occurs when the user double-clicks the NotifyIcon with the mouse.

MouseDown MouseDown MouseDown MouseDown

Occurs when the user presses the mouse button while the pointer is over the icon in the notification area of the taskbar.

MouseMove MouseMove MouseMove MouseMove

Occurs when the user moves the mouse while the pointer is over the icon in the notification area of the taskbar.

MouseUp MouseUp MouseUp MouseUp

Occurs when the user releases the mouse button while the pointer is over the icon in the notification area of the taskbar.

Security

UIPermission
to create the NotifyIcon component. Associated enumeration: AllWindows

Applies to