Touch Touch Touch Touch Class

Definition

Provides an application-level service that processes multitouch input from the operating system and raises the FrameReported event.

public ref class Touch abstract sealed
public static class Touch
type Touch = class
Public Class Touch
Inheritance
TouchTouchTouchTouch

Examples

The following example enables you to create simple patterns on a Canvas by dragging two fingers across a touchscreen. Each touch is represented by a TouchDevice.The pattern is created by drawing a line between the touch points provided by the touches. This example requires a Windows Touch-compatible screen.

The following markup creates the user interface, which consists of a Canvas that is centered in a Grid.

<Window x:Class="WpfTouchFrameSample.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        Title="MainWindow" Height="525" Width="525">
    <Grid>
        <Canvas x:Name="canvas1"
                Width="500" Height="500"
                Background="Black" />     
    </Grid>
</Window>

The following code handles the FrameReported event. When a touch presses on the Canvas, the TouchDevice is captured to the Canvas. When the touch is lifted, the TouchDevice is released. When a touch moves across the Canvas, the Id is checked. If the move came from the first touch, its location is recorded. If the move came from the second touch, a line is drawn from the position of the first touch to the position of the second touch.

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

namespace WpfTouchFrameSample
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        // Variables for tracking the position of two points.
        Point pt1, pt2 = new Point();
        
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            Touch.FrameReported += new TouchFrameEventHandler(Touch_FrameReported);
        }

        void Touch_FrameReported(object sender, TouchFrameEventArgs e)
        {
            if (this.canvas1 != null)
            {
                foreach (TouchPoint _touchPoint in e.GetTouchPoints(this.canvas1))
                {
                    if (_touchPoint.Action == TouchAction.Down)
                    {
                        // Clear the canvas and capture the touch to it.
                        this.canvas1.Children.Clear();
                        _touchPoint.TouchDevice.Capture(this.canvas1);
                    }

                    else if (_touchPoint.Action == TouchAction.Move && e.GetPrimaryTouchPoint(this.canvas1) != null)
                    {   
                        // This is the first (primary) touch point. Just record its position.
                        if (_touchPoint.TouchDevice.Id == e.GetPrimaryTouchPoint(this.canvas1).TouchDevice.Id)
                        {
                            pt1.X = _touchPoint.Position.X;
                            pt1.Y = _touchPoint.Position.Y;
                        }

                        // This is not the first touch point. Draw a line from the first point to this one.
                        else if (_touchPoint.TouchDevice.Id != e.GetPrimaryTouchPoint(this.canvas1).TouchDevice.Id)
                        {
                            pt2.X = _touchPoint.Position.X;
                            pt2.Y = _touchPoint.Position.Y;

                            Line _line = new Line();
                            _line.Stroke = new RadialGradientBrush(Colors.White, Colors.Black);
                            _line.X1 = pt1.X;
                            _line.X2 = pt2.X;
                            _line.Y1 = pt1.Y;
                            _line.Y2 = pt2.Y;
                            _line.StrokeThickness = 2;
                            this.canvas1.Children.Add(_line);
                        }
                    }

                    else if (_touchPoint.Action == TouchAction.Up)
                    {
                        // If this touch is captured to the canvas, release it.
                        if (_touchPoint.TouchDevice.Captured == this.canvas1)
                        {
                            this.canvas1.ReleaseTouchCapture(_touchPoint.TouchDevice);
                        }
                    }
                }                        
            }
        }
    }
}
Class MainWindow
    ' Variables for tracking the position of two points.
    Private pt1, pt2 As Point

    Public Sub New()
        InitializeComponent()
        AddHandler Touch.FrameReported, AddressOf Touch_FrameReported
    End Sub

    Private Sub Touch_FrameReported(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Input.TouchFrameEventArgs)
        If (canvas1 IsNot Nothing) Then
            For Each _touchPoint In e.GetTouchPoints(Me.canvas1)

                If _touchPoint.Action = TouchAction.Down Then
                    ' Clear the canvas and capture the touch to it.
                    canvas1.Children.Clear()
                    _touchPoint.TouchDevice.Capture(canvas1)

                ElseIf _touchPoint.Action = TouchAction.Move Then
                    ' This is the first (primary) touch point. Just record its position.
                    If _touchPoint.TouchDevice.Id = e.GetPrimaryTouchPoint(Me.canvas1).TouchDevice.Id Then
                        pt1.X = _touchPoint.Position.X
                        pt1.Y = _touchPoint.Position.Y

                        ' This is not the first touch point; draw a line from the first point to this one.
                    ElseIf _touchPoint.TouchDevice.Id <> e.GetPrimaryTouchPoint(Me.canvas1).TouchDevice.Id Then
                        pt2.X = _touchPoint.Position.X
                        pt2.Y = _touchPoint.Position.Y

                        Dim _line As New Line()
                        _line.Stroke = New RadialGradientBrush(Colors.White, Colors.Black)
                        _line.X1 = pt1.X
                        _line.X2 = pt2.X
                        _line.Y1 = pt1.Y
                        _line.Y2 = pt2.Y

                        _line.StrokeThickness = 2
                        Me.canvas1.Children.Add(_line)
                    End If

                ElseIf _touchPoint.Action = TouchAction.Up Then
                    ' If this touch is captured to the canvas, release it.
                    If (_touchPoint.TouchDevice.Captured Is canvas1) Then
                        canvas1.ReleaseTouchCapture(_touchPoint.TouchDevice)
                    End If
                End If
            Next
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

The FrameReported event is included in Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) to support compatibility with Silverlight. If you do not have to ensure compatibility with Silverlight, use the touch events, such as TouchDown and TouchMove, on UIElement, UIElement3D, or ContentElement.

The FrameReported event does not use the same event model as other WPF input events, such as TouchDown and TouchMove. Instead of being exposed as an element-specific event that potentially routes through the object tree of a UI, the FrameReported event is a single event that is handled at the application level. Therefore, you cannot use the sender parameter of the event handler to determine what element is touched.

Use the TouchFrameEventArgs to get the TouchPoint values that are relevant to the touch event. From the TouchPoint, you can get the Position of the touch and determine whether the TouchAction was a Down, Move, or Up action. You can also use the TouchPoint to get the TouchDevice. From the TouchDevice, you can determine the device Id and get information about the element that is touched.

Events

FrameReported FrameReported FrameReported FrameReported

Occurs when a touch message is sent.

Applies to