XmlAnyElementAttribute.Name XmlAnyElementAttribute.Name XmlAnyElementAttribute.Name XmlAnyElementAttribute.Name Property

Definition

Gets or sets the XML element name.

public:
 property System::String ^ Name { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string Name { get; set; }
member this.Name : string with get, set
Public Property Name As String

Property Value

The name of the XML element.

Exceptions

The element name of an array member does not match the element name specified by the Name property.

Examples

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

[XmlRoot(Namespace="http://www.cohowinery.com")]
public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;

   // This is for serializing Employee elements.

   [XmlAnyElement(Name="Employee")]
   array<XmlElement^>^UnknownEmployees;

   // This is for serializing City elements.   

   [XmlAnyElement
   (Name="City",
   Namespace="http://www.cpandl.com")]
   array<XmlElement^>^UnknownCity;

   // This one is for all other unknown elements.

   [XmlAnyElement]
   array<XmlElement^>^UnknownElements;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );

   // Create an XmlNamespaces to use.
   XmlSerializerNamespaces^ namespaces = gcnew XmlSerializerNamespaces;
   namespaces->Add( "c", "http://www.cohowinery.com" );
   namespaces->Add( "i", "http://www.cpandl.com" );
   Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

   // Create arrays of arbitrary XmlElement objects.
   // First create an XmlDocument, used to create the 
   // XmlElement objects.
   XmlDocument^ xDoc = gcnew XmlDocument;

   // Create an array of Employee XmlElement objects.
   XmlElement^ El1 = xDoc->CreateElement( "Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com" );
   El1->InnerText = "John";
   XmlElement^ El2 = xDoc->CreateElement( "Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com" );
   El2->InnerText = "Joan";
   XmlElement^ El3 = xDoc->CreateElement( "Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com" );
   El3->InnerText = "Jim";
   array<XmlElement^>^employees = {El1,El2,El3};
   myGroup->UnknownEmployees = employees;

   // Create an array of City XmlElement objects.
   XmlElement^ inf1 = xDoc->CreateElement( "City", "http://www.cpandl.com" );
   inf1->InnerText = "Tokyo";
   XmlElement^ inf2 = xDoc->CreateElement( "City", "http://www.cpandl.com" );
   inf2->InnerText = "New York";
   XmlElement^ inf3 = xDoc->CreateElement( "City", "http://www.cpandl.com" );
   inf3->InnerText = "Rome";
   array<XmlElement^>^cities = {inf1,inf2,inf3};
   myGroup->UnknownCity = cities;
   XmlElement^ xEl1 = xDoc->CreateElement( "bld" );
   xEl1->InnerText = "42";
   XmlElement^ xEl2 = xDoc->CreateElement( "Region" );
   xEl2->InnerText = "West";
   XmlElement^ xEl3 = xDoc->CreateElement( "type" );
   xEl3->InnerText = "Technical";
   array<XmlElement^>^elements = {xEl1,xEl2,xEl3};
   myGroup->UnknownElements = elements;

   // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
   TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup, namespaces );
   writer->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );
   FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Group^ myGroup;
   myGroup = safe_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));
   fs->Close();
   for ( int i = 0; i < myGroup->UnknownEmployees->Length; ++i )
   {
      XmlElement^ xEmp = myGroup->UnknownEmployees[ i ];
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}: {1}", xEmp->LocalName, xEmp->InnerText );
   }
   for ( int i = 0; i < myGroup->UnknownCity->Length; ++i )
   {
      XmlElement^ xCity = myGroup->UnknownCity[ i ];
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}: {1}", xCity->LocalName, xCity->InnerText );
   }
   for ( int i = 0; i < myGroup->UnknownElements->Length; ++i )
   {
      XmlElement^ xEmp = myGroup->UnknownElements[ i ];
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}: {1}", xEmp->LocalName, xEmp->InnerText );
   }
}

int main()
{
   SerializeObject(  "AnyElementArray.xml" );
   DeserializeObject(  "AnyElementArray.xml" );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Done" );
}
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;


[XmlRoot(Namespace = "http://www.cohowinery.com")]
public class Group{
   public string GroupName;

   // This is for serializing Employee elements.
   [XmlAnyElement(Name = "Employee")]
   public XmlElement[] UnknownEmployees;

   // This is for serializing City elements.   
   [XmlAnyElement
   (Name = "City", 
   Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public XmlElement[] UnknownCity;

    // This one is for all other unknown elements.
   [XmlAnyElement]
   public XmlElement[] UnknownElements;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeObject("AnyElementArray.xml");
      t.DeserializeObject("AnyElementArray.xml");
      Console.WriteLine("Done");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // Create an XmlNamespaces to use.
      XmlSerializerNamespaces namespaces =
      new XmlSerializerNamespaces();
      namespaces.Add("c", "http://www.cohowinery.com");
      namespaces.Add("i", "http://www.cpandl.com");
      Group myGroup = new Group();
      // Create arrays of arbitrary XmlElement objects.
      // First create an XmlDocument, used to create the 
      // XmlElement objects.
      XmlDocument xDoc = new XmlDocument();

      // Create an array of Employee XmlElement objects.
      XmlElement El1 = xDoc.CreateElement("Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com");
      El1.InnerText = "John";
      XmlElement El2 = xDoc.CreateElement("Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com");
      El2.InnerText = "Joan";
      XmlElement El3 = xDoc.CreateElement("Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com");
      El3.InnerText = "Jim";
      myGroup.UnknownEmployees= new XmlElement[]{El1, El2, El3};     
    
      // Create an array of City XmlElement objects.
      XmlElement inf1 = xDoc.CreateElement("City", "http://www.cpandl.com");
      inf1.InnerText = "Tokyo";
      XmlElement inf2 = xDoc.CreateElement("City", "http://www.cpandl.com");     
      inf2.InnerText = "New York";
      XmlElement inf3 = xDoc.CreateElement("City", "http://www.cpandl.com");     
      inf3.InnerText = "Rome";

      myGroup.UnknownCity = new XmlElement[]{inf1, inf2, inf3};

      XmlElement xEl1 = xDoc.CreateElement("bld");
      xEl1.InnerText = "42";
      XmlElement xEl2 = xDoc.CreateElement("Region");
      xEl2.InnerText = "West";
      XmlElement xEl3 = xDoc.CreateElement("type");
      xEl3.InnerText = "Technical";
      myGroup.UnknownElements = 
      	new XmlElement[]{xEl1,xEl2,xEl3};
      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup, namespaces);
      writer.Close();

   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
      Group myGroup;
      myGroup = (Group)ser.Deserialize(fs);
      fs.Close();
      foreach(XmlElement xEmp in myGroup.UnknownEmployees){
         Console.WriteLine(xEmp.LocalName + ": " + xEmp.InnerText);}
      foreach(XmlElement xCity in myGroup.UnknownCity){
         Console.WriteLine(xCity.LocalName + ": " + xCity.InnerText);}
      foreach(XmlElement xEl in myGroup.UnknownElements){
         Console.WriteLine(xEl.LocalName + ": " + xEl.InnerText);}
   }
 }

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema


<XmlRoot(Namespace:= "http://www.cohowinery.com")> _
Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 

   ' This is for serializing Employee elements.
   <XmlAnyElement(Name:="Employee")> _
   Public  UnknownEmployees() As XmlElement

   ' This is for serializing City elements.   
   <XmlAnyElement _
   (Name:="City", _
   Namespace:="http://www.cpandl.com")> _
   Public UnknownCity() As XmlElement 

    ' This one is for all other unknown elements.
   <XmlAnyElement> _
   Public UnknownElements() As XmlElement 
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t  As Test = New Test()
      t.SerializeObject("AnyElementArray.xml")
      t.DeserializeObject("AnyElementArray.xml")
      Console.WriteLine("Done")
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer  = _
      New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' Create an XmlNamespaces to use.
      Dim namespaces As XmlSerializerNamespaces = _
      New XmlSerializerNamespaces()
      namespaces.Add("c", "http://www.cohowinery.com")
      namespaces.Add("i", "http://www.cpandl.com")
      Dim myGroup As Group = New Group()
      ' Create arrays of arbitrary XmlElement objects.
      ' First create an XmlDocument, used to create the 
      ' XmlElement objects.
      Dim xDoc As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()

      ' Create an array of Employee XmlElement objects.
      Dim El1 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com")
      El1.InnerText = "John"
      Dim El2 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com")
      El2.InnerText = "Joan"
      Dim El3 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("Employee", "http://www.cohowinery.com")
      El3.InnerText = "Jim"
      myGroup.UnknownEmployees= New XmlElement(){El1, El2, El3}     
    
      ' Create an array of City XmlElement objects.
      Dim inf1 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("City", "http://www.cpandl.com")
      inf1.InnerText = "Tokyo"
      Dim inf2 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("City", "http://www.cpandl.com")     
      inf2.InnerText = "New York"
      Dim inf3 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("City", "http://www.cpandl.com")     
      inf3.InnerText = "Rome"

      myGroup.UnknownCity = New XmlElement(){inf1, inf2, inf3}

      Dim xEl1 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("bld")
      xEl1.InnerText = "42"
      Dim xEl2 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("Region")
      xEl2.InnerText = "West"
      Dim xEl3 As XmlElement = xDoc.CreateElement("type")
      xEl3.InnerText = "Technical"
      myGroup.UnknownElements = _
      New XmlElement(){xEl1,xEl2,xEl3}
      ' Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)
      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup, namespaces)
      writer.Close()

   End Sub

   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = _
      New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      Dim fs As FileStream = New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
      Dim myGroup As Group 
      myGroup = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs), Group)
      fs.Close()
      Dim xEmp As XmlElement
      for each xEmp in myGroup.UnknownEmployees
         Console.WriteLine(xEmp.LocalName & ": " & xEmp.InnerText)
      Next 
      
      Dim xCity As XmlElement
      for each xCity in myGroup.UnknownCity
         Console.WriteLine(xCity.LocalName & ": " & xCity.InnerText)
      Next
      
      Dim xEl As XmlElement
      for each  xEl in myGroup.UnknownElements
         Console.WriteLine(xEl.LocalName & ": " & xEl.InnerText)
      Next
   End Sub
 End Class

Remarks

If you specify a Name property value when applying the attribute, all XmlElement or XmlNode objects inserted into the array must have the same element name and default namespace, or an exception is thrown. If you set the Namespace property value, you must set the Name property as well, and the XmlElement or XmlNode objects must also have the same name and namespace values. If no Name value is specified, the XmlElement or XmlNode objects can have any element name.

When you call the Deserialize method of the XmlSerializer class, all attributes that do not have a corresponding member in the object being deserialized are collected in the array. If you specify a Name value, the array contains only XML elements with that name. If you do not specify a Name value, the array contains all elements that have no corresponding member in the class. If a class contains more than one field to which the attribute is applied, use the Name and Namespace properties to differentiate between the contents of the arrays. If such a class (with multiple fields) also contains one field that has no differentiating property values set (that is, Name and Namespace) during deserialization, the array contains any XML elements that are not already contained in the other arrays. If you add more than one field that does not have a differentiating Name or Namespace value set, the last field in the class contains all unknown elements that are not already contained in the other arrays, and any other fields are set to null.

You can apply multiple instances of the XmlAnyElementAttribute to a class member, but each instance must have a distinct Name property value. Or, if the same Name property is set for each instance, a distinct Namespace property value must be set for each instance.

Applies to