XmlValidatingReader.ResolveEntity XmlValidatingReader.ResolveEntity XmlValidatingReader.ResolveEntity XmlValidatingReader.ResolveEntity Method

Definition

Resolves the entity reference for EntityReference nodes.

public:
 override void ResolveEntity();
public override void ResolveEntity ();
override this.ResolveEntity : unit -> unit
Public Overrides Sub ResolveEntity ()

Exceptions

Examples

The following example uses ResolveEntity to expand a general entity.

#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
int main()
{
   XmlValidatingReader^ reader = nullptr;
   XmlTextReader^ txtreader = nullptr;
   try
   {
      
      //Create and load the XmlTextReader with the XML file. 
      txtreader = gcnew XmlTextReader( "book1.xml" );
      txtreader->WhitespaceHandling = WhitespaceHandling::None;
      
      //Create the XmlValidatingReader over the XmlTextReader.
      //Set the reader to not expand general entities.
      reader = gcnew XmlValidatingReader( txtreader );
      reader->ValidationType = ValidationType::None;
      reader->EntityHandling = EntityHandling::ExpandCharEntities;
      reader->MoveToContent(); //Move to the root element.
      reader->Read(); //Move to title start tag.
      reader->Skip(); //Skip the title element.
      
      //Read the misc start tag.  The reader is now positioned on
      //the entity reference node.
      reader->ReadStartElement();
      
      //Because EntityHandling is set to ExpandCharEntities, you must call 
      //ResolveEntity to expand the entity.  The entity replacement text is 
      //then parsed and returned as a child node.         
      Console::WriteLine( "Expand the entity..." );
      reader->ResolveEntity();
      Console::WriteLine( "The entity replacement text is returned as a text node." );
      reader->Read();
      Console::WriteLine( "NodeType: {0} Value: {1}", reader->NodeType, reader->Value );
      Console::WriteLine( "An EndEntity node closes the entity reference scope." );
      reader->Read();
      Console::WriteLine( "NodeType: {0} Name: {1}", reader->NodeType, reader->Name );
   }
   finally
   {
      if ( reader != nullptr )
            reader->Close();
   }

}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample
{
  public static void Main()
  {
     XmlValidatingReader reader = null;
     XmlTextReader txtreader = null;

     try
     {
       //Create and load the XmlTextReader with the XML file. 
       txtreader = new XmlTextReader("book1.xml");
       txtreader.WhitespaceHandling = WhitespaceHandling.None;

       //Create the XmlValidatingReader over the XmlTextReader.
       //Set the reader to not expand general entities.
       reader = new XmlValidatingReader(txtreader);
       reader.ValidationType = ValidationType.None;
       reader.EntityHandling = EntityHandling.ExpandCharEntities;

       reader.MoveToContent();  //Move to the root element.
       reader.Read();  //Move to title start tag.
       reader.Skip();  //Skip the title element.
      
       //Read the misc start tag.  The reader is now positioned on
       //the entity reference node.
       reader.ReadStartElement(); 

       //Because EntityHandling is set to ExpandCharEntities, you must call 
       //ResolveEntity to expand the entity.  The entity replacement text is 
       //then parsed and returned as a child node.         
       Console.WriteLine("Expand the entity...");
       reader.ResolveEntity();  

       Console.WriteLine("The entity replacement text is returned as a text node.");
       reader.Read();  
       Console.WriteLine("NodeType: {0} Value: {1}", reader.NodeType ,reader.Value);

       Console.WriteLine("An EndEntity node closes the entity reference scope.");
       reader.Read();
       Console.WriteLine("NodeType: {0} Name: {1}", reader.NodeType,reader.Name);
     
    }
    finally
    {
       if (reader != null)
         reader.Close();
    }
  }
}
Option Strict
Option Explicit

Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml

Public Class Sample
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim reader As XmlValidatingReader = Nothing
      Dim txtreader As XmlTextReader = Nothing
      
      Try
         'Create and load the XmlTextReader with the XML file. 
         txtreader = New XmlTextReader("book1.xml")
         txtreader.WhitespaceHandling = WhitespaceHandling.None
         
         'Create the XmlValidatingReader over the XmlTextReader.
         'Set the reader to not expand general entities.
         reader = New XmlValidatingReader(txtreader)
         reader.ValidationType = ValidationType.None
         reader.EntityHandling = EntityHandling.ExpandCharEntities
         
         reader.MoveToContent() 'Move to the root element.
         reader.Read() 'Move to title start tag.
         reader.Skip() 'Skip the title element.
         'Read the misc start tag.  The reader is now positioned on
         'the entity reference node.
         reader.ReadStartElement()
         
         'Because EntityHandling is set to ExpandCharEntities, you must call 
         'ResolveEntity to expand the entity.  The entity replacement text is 
         'then parsed and returned as a child node.  
         Console.WriteLine("Expand the entity...")
         reader.ResolveEntity()
         
         Console.WriteLine("The entity replacement text is returned as a text node.")
         reader.Read()
         Console.WriteLine("NodeType: {0} Value: {1}", reader.NodeType, reader.Value)
         
         Console.WriteLine("An EndEntity node closes the entity reference scope.")
         reader.Read()
         Console.WriteLine("NodeType: {0} Name: {1}", reader.NodeType, reader.Name)
      
      Finally
         If Not (reader Is Nothing) Then
            reader.Close()
         End If
      End Try
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Sample 

The example uses the file, book1.xml, as input.


<?xml version='1.0' ?>
<!DOCTYPE book [<!ENTITY h 'hardcover'>]>
<book>
  <title>Pride And Prejudice</title>
  <misc>&h;</misc>
</book>

Remarks

Note

The XmlValidatingReader class is obsolete in .NET Framework 2.0. You can create a validating XmlReader instance by using the XmlReaderSettings class and the Create method. For more information, see the Remarks section of the XmlReader reference page.

If the reader is positioned on an EntityReference node (XmlNodeType.EntityReference), if Read is called after calling this method, the entity replacement text is parsed. After the entity replacement text is finished, an EndEntity node is returned to close the entity reference scope.

Note

After calling this method, if the entity is part of an attribute value, you must call ReadAttributeValue to step into the entity.

Applies to

See also