XmlWriter.WriteAttributeString XmlWriter.WriteAttributeString XmlWriter.WriteAttributeString XmlWriter.WriteAttributeString Method

Definition

When overridden in a derived class, writes an attribute with the specified value.

Overloads

WriteAttributeString(String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes an attribute with the specified local name, namespace URI, and value.

WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes out the attribute with the specified prefix, local name, namespace URI, and value.

WriteAttributeString(String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes out the attribute with the specified local name and value.

Remarks

For the asynchronous version of this method, see WriteElementStringAsync.

WriteAttributeString(String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes an attribute with the specified local name, namespace URI, and value.

public:
 void WriteAttributeString(System::String ^ localName, System::String ^ ns, System::String ^ value);
public void WriteAttributeString (string localName, string ns, string value);
member this.WriteAttributeString : string * string * string -> unit
Public Sub WriteAttributeString (localName As String, ns As String, value As String)

Parameters

localName
String String String String

The local name of the attribute.

ns
String String String String

The namespace URI to associate with the attribute.

value
String String String String

The value of the attribute.

Exceptions

The state of writer is not WriteState.Element or writer is closed.

-or-

An XmlWriter method was called before a previous asynchronous operation finished. In this case, InvalidOperationException is thrown with the message "An asynchronous operation is already in progress."

The xml:space or xml:lang attribute value is invalid.

Examples

The following example uses the WriteAttributeString method to write a namespace declaration.

#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
void main()
{
   XmlWriter^ writer = nullptr;
   writer = XmlWriter::Create( L"sampledata.xml" );
   
   // Write the root element.
   writer->WriteStartElement( L"book" );
   
   // Write the xmlns:bk="urn:book" namespace declaration.
   writer->WriteAttributeString( L"xmlns", L"bk", nullptr, L"urn:book" );
   
   // Write the bk:ISBN="1-800-925" attribute.
   writer->WriteAttributeString( L"ISBN", L"urn:book", L"1-800-925" );
   writer->WriteElementString( L"price", L"19.95" );
   
   // Write the close tag for the root element.
   writer->WriteEndElement();
   
   // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
   writer->Flush();
   writer->Close();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {
 
     XmlWriter writer = null;

     writer = XmlWriter.Create("sampledata.xml");
        
     // Write the root element.
     writer.WriteStartElement("book");

     // Write the xmlns:bk="urn:book" namespace declaration.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns","bk", null,"urn:book");
  
     // Write the bk:ISBN="1-800-925" attribute.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("ISBN", "urn:book", "1-800-925");

     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

     // Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();
             
     // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush();
     writer.Close();  

  }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml

Public Class Sample 

  Public Shared Sub Main() 
 
     Dim writer As XmlWriter = Nothing

     writer = XmlWriter.Create("sampledata.xml")
        
     ' Write the root element.
     writer.WriteStartElement("book")

     ' Write the xmlns:bk="urn:book" namespace declaration.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns","bk", Nothing,"urn:book")
  
     ' Write the bk:ISBN="1-800-925" attribute.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("ISBN", "urn:book", "1-800-925")

     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95")

     ' Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement()
             
     ' Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush()
     writer.Close()  

  End Sub
End Class

Remarks

This method writes out the attribute with a user defined namespace prefix and associates it with the given namespace. If localName is "xmlns" then this method also treats this as a namespace declaration. In this case, the ns argument can be null.

WriteAttributeString does the following:

  • If the attribute value includes double or single quotes, they are replaced with &quot; and &apos; respectively.

  • If writing an xml:space attribute, the writer verifies the attribute value is valid. (Valid values are preserve or default.)

  • If writing an xml:lang attribute, the writer does not verify that the attribute value is valid according to the W3C XML 1.0 recommendation.

For the asynchronous version of this method, see WriteAttributeStringAsync.

WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String, String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes out the attribute with the specified prefix, local name, namespace URI, and value.

public:
 void WriteAttributeString(System::String ^ prefix, System::String ^ localName, System::String ^ ns, System::String ^ value);
public void WriteAttributeString (string prefix, string localName, string ns, string value);
member this.WriteAttributeString : string * string * string * string -> unit
Public Sub WriteAttributeString (prefix As String, localName As String, ns As String, value As String)

Parameters

prefix
String String String String

The namespace prefix of the attribute.

localName
String String String String

The local name of the attribute.

ns
String String String String

The namespace URI of the attribute.

value
String String String String

The value of the attribute.

Exceptions

The state of writer is not WriteState.Element or writer is closed.

-or-

An XmlWriter method was called before a previous asynchronous operation finished. In this case, InvalidOperationException is thrown with the message "An asynchronous operation is already in progress."

The xml:space or xml:lang attribute value is invalid.

The localName or ns is null.

Examples

The following example uses the WriteAttributeString method to write a namespace declaration.

#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
void main()
{
   XmlWriter^ writer = nullptr;
   writer = XmlWriter::Create( L"sampledata.xml" );
   
   // Write the root element.
   writer->WriteStartElement( L"book" );
   
   // Write the xmlns:bk="urn:book" namespace declaration.
   writer->WriteAttributeString( L"xmlns", L"bk", nullptr, L"urn:book" );
   
   // Write the bk:ISBN="1-800-925" attribute.
   writer->WriteAttributeString( L"ISBN", L"urn:book", L"1-800-925" );
   writer->WriteElementString( L"price", L"19.95" );
   
   // Write the close tag for the root element.
   writer->WriteEndElement();
   
   // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
   writer->Flush();
   writer->Close();
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {
 
     XmlWriter writer = null;

     writer = XmlWriter.Create("sampledata.xml");
        
     // Write the root element.
     writer.WriteStartElement("book");

     // Write the xmlns:bk="urn:book" namespace declaration.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns","bk", null,"urn:book");
  
     // Write the bk:ISBN="1-800-925" attribute.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("ISBN", "urn:book", "1-800-925");

     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

     // Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();
             
     // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush();
     writer.Close();  

  }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml

Public Class Sample 

  Public Shared Sub Main() 
 
     Dim writer As XmlWriter = Nothing

     writer = XmlWriter.Create("sampledata.xml")
        
     ' Write the root element.
     writer.WriteStartElement("book")

     ' Write the xmlns:bk="urn:book" namespace declaration.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns","bk", Nothing,"urn:book")
  
     ' Write the bk:ISBN="1-800-925" attribute.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("ISBN", "urn:book", "1-800-925")

     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95")

     ' Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement()
             
     ' Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush()
     writer.Close()  

  End Sub
End Class

Remarks

This method writes out the attribute with a user defined namespace prefix and associates it with the given namespace. If the prefix is "xmlns" then this method also treats this as a namespace declaration and associates the declared prefix with the namespace URI provided in the given attribute value. In this case the ns argument can be null.

WriteAttributeString does the following:

  • If the attribute value includes double or single quotes, they are replaced with &quot; and &apos; respectively.

  • If writing an xml:space attribute, the writer verifies the attribute value is valid. (Valid values are preserve or default.)

  • If writing an xml:lang attribute, the writer does not verify that the attribute value is valid according to the W3C XML 1.0 recommendation.

For the asynchronous version of this method, see WriteAttributeStringAsync.

WriteAttributeString(String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String) WriteAttributeString(String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes out the attribute with the specified local name and value.

public:
 void WriteAttributeString(System::String ^ localName, System::String ^ value);
public void WriteAttributeString (string localName, string value);
member this.WriteAttributeString : string * string -> unit
Public Sub WriteAttributeString (localName As String, value As String)

Parameters

localName
String String String String

The local name of the attribute.

value
String String String String

The value of the attribute.

Exceptions

The state of writer is not WriteState.Element or writer is closed.

-or-

An XmlWriter method was called before a previous asynchronous operation finished. In this case, InvalidOperationException is thrown with the message "An asynchronous operation is already in progress."

The xml:space or xml:lang attribute value is invalid.

Examples

The following example writes out a book.

#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
public ref class Sample
{
private:
   static String^ m_Document = L"sampledata.xml";

public:
   static void Main()
   {
      XmlWriter^ writer = nullptr;
      try
      {
         XmlWriterSettings^ settings = gcnew XmlWriterSettings;
         settings->Indent = true;
         writer = XmlWriter::Create( m_Document,settings );
         writer->WriteComment( L"sample XML fragment" );
         
         // Write an element (this one is the root).
         writer->WriteStartElement( L"book" );
         
         // Write the namespace declaration.
         writer->WriteAttributeString( L"xmlns", L"bk", nullptr, L"urn:samples" );
         
         // Write the genre attribute.
         writer->WriteAttributeString( L"genre", L"novel" );
         
         // Write the title.
         writer->WriteStartElement( L"title" );
         writer->WriteString( L"The Handmaid's Tale" );
         writer->WriteEndElement();
         
         // Write the price.
         writer->WriteElementString( L"price", L"19.95" );
         
         // Lookup the prefix and write the ISBN element.
         String^ prefix = writer->LookupPrefix( L"urn:samples" );
         writer->WriteStartElement( prefix, L"ISBN", L"urn:samples" );
         writer->WriteString( L"1-861003-78" );
         writer->WriteEndElement();
         
         // Write the style element (shows a different way to handle prefixes).
         writer->WriteElementString( L"style", L"urn:samples", L"hardcover" );
         
         // Write the close tag for the root element.
         writer->WriteEndElement();
         
         // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
         writer->Flush();
         writer->Close();
      }
      finally
      {
         if ( writer != nullptr )
                  writer->Close();
      }

   }

};

void main()
{
   Sample::Main();
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
 
 public class Sample
 {
   private const string m_Document = "sampledata.xml";
 
   public static void Main() {
   
      XmlWriter writer = null;

      try {
     
        XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();
        settings.Indent = true;
        writer = XmlWriter.Create (m_Document, settings);
           
        writer.WriteComment("sample XML fragment");
     
        // Write an element (this one is the root).
        writer.WriteStartElement("book");
 
        // Write the namespace declaration.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns", "bk", null, "urn:samples");
    
        // Write the genre attribute.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("genre", "novel");
         
        // Write the title.
        writer.WriteStartElement("title");
        writer.WriteString("The Handmaid's Tale");
        writer.WriteEndElement();
               
        // Write the price.
        writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");
      
        // Lookup the prefix and write the ISBN element.
        string prefix = writer.LookupPrefix("urn:samples");
        writer.WriteStartElement(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples");
        writer.WriteString("1-861003-78");
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the style element (shows a different way to handle prefixes).
        writer.WriteElementString("style", "urn:samples", "hardcover");
 
        // Write the close tag for the root element.
        writer.WriteEndElement();
               
        // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
        writer.Flush();
        writer.Close();
      }

      finally {
        if (writer != null)
           writer.Close();
     } 
   }
 
 }
Option Strict
Option Explicit

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml

Public Class Sample
    Private Shared m_Document As String = "sampledata.xml"
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim writer As XmlWriter = Nothing
        
      Try

        Dim settings As XmlWriterSettings = new XmlWriterSettings()
        settings.Indent = true
        writer = XmlWriter.Create (m_Document, settings)
            
        writer.WriteComment("sample XML fragment")
            
        ' Write an element (this one is the root).
        writer.WriteStartElement("book")
            
        ' Write the namespace declaration.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns", "bk", Nothing, "urn:samples")
            
        ' Write the genre attribute.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("genre", "novel")
            
        ' Write the title.
        writer.WriteStartElement("title")
        writer.WriteString("The Handmaid's Tale")
        writer.WriteEndElement()
            
        ' Write the price.
        writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95")
            
        ' Lookup the prefix and write the ISBN element.
        Dim prefix As String = writer.LookupPrefix("urn:samples")
        writer.WriteStartElement(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples")
        writer.WriteString("1-861003-78")
        writer.WriteEndElement()
            
        ' Write the style element (shows a different way to handle prefixes).
        writer.WriteElementString("style", "urn:samples", "hardcover")
            
        ' Write the close tag for the root element.
        writer.WriteEndElement()
            
        ' Write the XML to file and close the writer.
        writer.Flush()
        writer.Close()
        
        Finally
            If Not (writer Is Nothing) Then
                writer.Close()
            End If
        End Try

    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

WriteAttributeString does the following:

  • If the attribute value includes double or single quotes, they are replaced with &quot; and &apos; respectively.

  • If writing an xml:space attribute, the writer verifies the attribute value is valid. (Valid values are preserve or default.)

  • If writing an xml:lang attribute, the writer does not verify that the attribute value is valid according to the W3C XML 1.0 recommendation.

For the asynchronous version of this method, see WriteAttributeStringAsync.

Applies to