TryCast Operator (Visual Basic)

Introduces a type conversion operation that does not throw an exception.

Remarks

If an attempted conversion fails, CType and DirectCast both throw an InvalidCastException error. This can adversely affect the performance of your application. TryCast returns Nothing, so that instead of having to handle a possible exception, you need only test the returned result against Nothing.

You use the TryCast keyword the same way you use the CType Function and the DirectCast Operator keyword. You supply an expression as the first argument and a type to convert it to as the second argument. TryCast operates only on reference types, such as classes and interfaces. It requires an inheritance or implementation relationship between the two types. This means that one type must inherit from or implement the other.

Errors and Failures

TryCast generates a compiler error if it detects that no inheritance or implementation relationship exists. But the lack of a compiler error does not guarantee a successful conversion. If the desired conversion is narrowing, it could fail at run time. If this happens, TryCast returns Nothing.

Conversion Keywords

A comparison of the type conversion keywords is as follows.

Keyword Data types Argument relationship Run-time failure
CType Function Any data types Widening or narrowing conversion must be defined between the two data types Throws InvalidCastException
DirectCast Operator Any data types One type must inherit from or implement the other type Throws InvalidCastException
TryCast Reference types only One type must inherit from or implement the other type Returns Nothing

Example

The following example shows how to use TryCast.

Function PrintTypeCode(ByVal obj As Object) As String
    Dim objAsConvertible As IConvertible = TryCast(obj, IConvertible)
    If objAsConvertible Is Nothing Then
        Return obj.ToString() & " does not implement IConvertible"
    Else
        Return "Type code is " & objAsConvertible.GetTypeCode()
    End If
End Function

See Also

Widening and Narrowing Conversions
Implicit and Explicit Conversions