Integral numeric types (C# reference)

The integral numeric types are a subset of the simple types and can be initialized with literals. All integral types are also value types. All integral numeric types support arithmetic, bitwise logical, comparison, and equality operators.

Characteristics of the integral types

C# supports the following predefined integral types:

C# type/keyword Range Size .NET type
sbyte -128 to 127 Signed 8-bit integer System.SByte
byte 0 to 255 Unsigned 8-bit integer System.Byte
short -32,768 to 32,767 Signed 16-bit integer System.Int16
ushort 0 to 65,535 Unsigned 16-bit integer System.UInt16
int -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647 Signed 32-bit integer System.Int32
uint 0 to 4,294,967,295 Unsigned 32-bit integer System.UInt32
long -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 to 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 Signed 64-bit integer System.Int64
ulong 0 to 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 Unsigned 64-bit integer System.UInt64

In the preceding table, each C# type keyword from the leftmost column is an alias for the corresponding .NET type. They are interchangeable. For example, the following declarations declare variables of the same type:

int a = 123;
System.Int32 b = 123;

The default value of each integral type is zero, 0. Each of the integral types has the MinValue and MaxValue constants that provide the minimum and maximum value of that type.

Use the System.Numerics.BigInteger structure to represent a signed integer with no upper or lower bounds.

Integer literals

Integer literals can be

  • decimal: without any prefix
  • hexadecimal: with the 0x or 0X prefix
  • binary: with the 0b or 0B prefix (available in C# 7.0 and later)

The following code demonstrates an example of each:

var decimalLiteral = 42;
var hexLiteral = 0x2A;
var binaryLiteral = 0b_0010_1010;

The preceding example also shows the use of _ as a digit separator, which is supported starting with C# 7.0. You can use the digit separator with all kinds of numeric literals.

The type of an integer literal is determined by its suffix as follows:

  • If the literal has no suffix, its type is the first of the following types in which its value can be represented: int, uint, long, ulong.

  • If the literal is suffixed by U or u, its type is the first of the following types in which its value can be represented: uint, ulong.

  • If the literal is suffixed by L or l, its type is the first of the following types in which its value can be represented: long, ulong.

    Note

    You can use the lowercase letter l as a suffix. However, this generates a compiler warning because the letter l can be confused with the digit 1. Use L for clarity.

  • If the literal is suffixed by UL, Ul, uL, ul, LU, Lu, lU, or lu, its type is ulong.

If the value represented by an integer literal exceeds UInt64.MaxValue, a compiler error CS1021 occurs.

If the determined type of an integer literal is int and the value represented by the literal is within the range of the destination type, the value can be implicitly converted to sbyte, byte, short, ushort, uint, or ulong:

byte a = 17;
byte b = 300;   // CS0031: Constant value '300' cannot be converted to a 'byte'

As the preceding example shows, if the literal's value is not within the range of the destination type, a compiler error CS0031 occurs.

You also can use a cast to convert the value represented by an integer literal to the type other than the determined type of the literal:

var signedByte = (sbyte)42;
var longVariable = (long)42;

Conversions

You can convert any integral numeric type to any other integral numeric type. If the destination type can store all values of the source type, the conversion is implicit. Otherwise, you need to use the cast operator () to invoke an explicit conversion. For more information, see Built-in numeric conversions.

C# language specification

For more information, see the following sections of the C# language specification:

See also