# <network> Element (Network Settings)

Configures the network options for an external Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) server.

## Syntax

<network
clientDomain="string"
defaultCredentials="true|false"
enableSsl="true|false"
host="string"
port="integer"
targetName="string"
/>


## Attributes and Elements

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.

### Attributes

Attribute Description
clientDomain Specifies the client domain name to use in the initial SMTP protocol request to connect to the SMTP mail server. The default value is the localhost name of the local computer sending the request.
defaultCredentials Specifies whether the default user credentials should be used to access the SMTP mail server for SMTP transactions. The default value is false.
enableSsl Specifies whether SSL is used to access an SMTP mail server. The default value is false.
host Specifies the hostname of the SMTP mail server to use for SMTP transactions. This attribute has no default value.
password Specifies the password to use for authentication to the SMTP mail server. This attribute has no default value.
port Specifies the port number to use to connect to the SMTP mail server. The default value is 25.
targetName Specifies the Service Provider Name (SPN) to use for authentication when using extended protection for SMTP transactions. This attribute has no default value.
userName Specifies the user name to use for authentication to the SMTP mail server. This attribute has no default value.

None.

### Parent Elements

Element Description
<smtp> Element (Network Settings) Configures Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) mail sending options.

## Remarks

Some SMTP servers require that you authenticate yourself to the server before use. If you want to authenticate yourself using the default network credentials on your host, set the defaultCredentials attribute to true. The SmtpNetworkElement.DefaultCredentials property can be used to get the current value of the defaultCredentials attribute from applicable configuration files.

You can also use basic authentication (a user name and password) to authenticate yourself to the SMTP server. To use this option, you must specify a valid user name and password for the specified SMTP server.

Note

Basic authentication sends the userName and password values to the server unencrypted. Anyone monitoring network traffic can view your credentials and use them to connect to the server. You should consider using a more secure authentication mechanism, such as Kerberos or NT LAN Manager (NTLM.) If defaultCredentials is true, Kerberos or NTLM will be used if the server supports these protocols.

The basic authentication and default network credentials options are mutually exclusive; if you set defaultCredentials to true and specify a user name and password, the default network credential is used, and the basic authentication data is ignored.

For basic authentication if you specify a userName, you should also specify a password to authentication yourself to the mail server.

The SmtpNetworkElement.UserName property can be used to get the current value of the userName attribute from applicable configuration files. The SmtpNetworkElement.Password property can be used to get the current value of the password attribute from applicable configuration files. A password attribute would not normally be entered in configuration files for security reasons.

The clientDomain attribute changes the client domain name used in the initial SMTP protocol request to an SMTP server. The clientDomain attribute can be set to the fully-qualified domain name of the local machine, rather than the localhost name that is used by default. This provides greater compliance with the SMTP protocol standards. The default value is the localhost name of the local computer sending the request. The SmtpNetworkElement.ClientDomain property can be used to get the current value of the clientDomain attribute from applicable configuration files.

The targetName attribute is used for authentication when using extended protection. The default value is of the form "SMTPSVC/<host>" where <host> is the hostname of the SMTP mail server. The SmtpNetworkElement.TargetName property can be used to get the current value of the targetName attribute from applicable configuration files.

The enableSsl attribute specifies whether SSL is used to access an SMTP mail server. The System.Net.Mail.SmtpClient class only supports the SMTP Service Extension for Secure SMTP over Transport Layer Security as defined in RFC 3207. In this mode, the SMTP session begins on an unencrypted channel, then a STARTTLS command is issued by the client to the server to switch to secure communication using SSL. See RFC 3207 published by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) for more information.

An alternate connection method is where an SSL session is established up front before any protocol commands are sent. This connection method is sometimes called SMTPS and by default uses port 465. This alternate connection method using SSL is not currently supported.

The SmtpNetworkElement.EnableSsl property can be used to get the current value of the enableSsl attribute from applicable configuration files.

## Example

The following example specifies the appropriate SMTP parameters to send email using the default network credentials.

<configuration>
<system.net>
<mailSettings>
<smtp deliveryMethod="Network">
<network
clientDomain="www.contoso.com"
defaultCredentials="true"
enableSsl="false"
host="mail.contoso.com"
port="25"
/>
</smtp>
</mailSettings>
</system.net>
</configuration>