Method-Based Query Syntax Examples: Projection

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Select and SelectMany methodsto query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using method-based query syntax. The AdventureWorks Sales Model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

Select

Example

The following example uses the Select method to project the Product.Name and Product.ProductID properties into a sequence of anonymous types.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var query = context.Products
        .Select(product => new
        {
            ProductId = product.ProductID,
            ProductName = product.Name
        });

    Console.WriteLine("Product Info:");
    foreach (var productInfo in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Product Id: {0} Product name: {1} ",
            productInfo.ProductId, productInfo.ProductName);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim query = context.Products _
    .Select(Function(prod) New With _
    { _
        .ProductName = prod.Name, _
        .ProductId = prod.ProductID _
    })

    Console.WriteLine("Product Info:")
    For Each productInfo In query
        Console.WriteLine("Product Id: {0} Product name: {1} ", _
                productInfo.ProductId, productInfo.ProductName)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses the Select method to return a sequence of only product names.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<string> productNames = context.Products
        .Select(p => p.Name);

    Console.WriteLine("Product Names:");
    foreach (String productName in productNames)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(productName);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim productNames = context.Products _
    .Select(Function(p) p.Name())

    Console.WriteLine("Product Names:")
    For Each productName In productNames
        Console.WriteLine(productName)
    Next
End Using

SelectMany

Example

The following example uses the SelectMany method to select all orders where TotalDue is less than 500.00.

decimal totalDue = 500.00M;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
    contacts.SelectMany(
        contact => orders.Where(order =>
            (contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID)
                && order.TotalDue < totalDue)
            .Select(order => new
            {
                ContactID = contact.ContactID,
                LastName = contact.LastName,
                FirstName = contact.FirstName,
                OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
                Total = order.TotalDue
            }));

    foreach (var smallOrder in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Total Due: ${4} ",
            smallOrder.ContactID, smallOrder.LastName, smallOrder.FirstName,
            smallOrder.OrderID, smallOrder.Total);
    }
}
Dim totalDue = 500D
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = contacts.SelectMany( _
        Function(contact) orders.Where(Function(order) _
            (contact.ContactID = order.Contact.ContactID) _
                    And order.TotalDue < totalDue) _
            .Select(Function(order) New With _
            { _
                .ContactID = contact.ContactID, _
                .LastName = contact.LastName, _
                .FirstName = contact.FirstName, _
                .OrderID = order.SalesOrderID, _
                .Total = order.TotalDue _
            }) _
    )

    For Each smallOrder In query
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Total Due: ${4} ", _
            smallOrder.ContactID, smallOrder.LastName, smallOrder.FirstName, _
            smallOrder.OrderID, smallOrder.Total)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses the SelectMany method to select all orders where the order was made on October 1, 2002 or later.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
    contacts.SelectMany(
        contact => orders.Where(order =>
            (contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID)
                && order.OrderDate >= new DateTime(2002, 10, 1))
            .Select(order => new
            {
                ContactID = contact.ContactID,
                LastName = contact.LastName,
                FirstName = contact.FirstName,
                OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
                OrderDate = order.OrderDate
            }));

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Order date: {4:d} ",
            order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.FirstName,
            order.OrderID, order.OrderDate);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = contacts.SelectMany( _
        Function(contact) orders.Where(Function(order) _
            (contact.ContactID = order.Contact.ContactID) _
                    And order.OrderDate >= New DateTime(2002, 10, 1)) _
            .Select(Function(order) New With _
            { _
                .ContactID = contact.ContactID, _
                .LastName = contact.LastName, _
                .FirstName = contact.FirstName, _
                .OrderID = order.SalesOrderID, _
                .OrderDate = order.OrderDate _
            }) _
    )

    For Each order In query
        Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Order date: {4:d} ", _
            order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.FirstName, _
            order.OrderID, order.OrderDate)
    Next
End Using

See Also

Queries in LINQ to Entities