Query Expression Syntax Examples: Aggregate Operators

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Average, Count, Max, Min, and Sum methods to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using query expression syntax. The AdventureWorks Sales Model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

Average

Example

The following example uses the Average method to find the average list price of the products of each style.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    var query = from product in products
                group product by product.Style into g
                select new
                {
                    Style = g.Key,
                    AverageListPrice =
                        g.Average(product => product.ListPrice)
                };

    foreach (var product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Product style: {0} Average list price: {1}",
            product.Style, product.AverageListPrice);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query = _
        From prod In products _
        Let styl = prod.Style _
        Group prod By styl Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Style = styl, _
            .AverageListPrice = g.Average(Function(p) p.ListPrice) _
        }

    For Each prod In query
        Console.WriteLine("Product style: {0} Average list price: {1}", _
            prod.Style, prod.AverageListPrice)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses Average to get the average total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Average TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.averageTotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .averageTotalDue = _
                g.Average(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
         }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Average TotalDue = {1}", _
            ord.Category, ord.averageTotalDue)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses Average to get the orders with the average total due for each contact.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        let averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.TotalDue)
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            CheapestProducts =
                g.Where(order => order.TotalDue == averageTotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var orderGroup in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
        foreach (var order in orderGroup.CheapestProducts)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Average total due for SalesOrderID {1} is: {0}",
                order.TotalDue, order.SalesOrderID);
        }
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Let averageTotalDue = g.Average(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .CheapestProducts = _
                g.Where(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue = averageTotalDue) _
         }

    For Each orderGroup In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category)
        For Each ord In orderGroup.CheapestProducts
            Console.WriteLine("Average total due for SalesOrderID {1} is: {0}", _
                ord.TotalDue, ord.SalesOrderID)
        Next
        Console.Write(vbNewLine)
    Next
End Using

Count

Example

The following example uses Count to return a list of contact IDs and how many orders each has.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;

    //Can't find field SalesOrderContact
    var query =
        from contact in contacts
        select new
        {
            CustomerID = contact.ContactID,
            OrderCount = contact.SalesOrderHeaders.Count()
        };

    foreach (var contact in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("CustomerID = {0} \t OrderCount = {1}",
            contact.CustomerID,
            contact.OrderCount);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts

    Dim query = _
        From cont In contacts _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .CustomerID = cont.ContactID, _
            .OrderCount = cont.SalesOrderHeaders.Count() _
         }

    For Each cont In query
        Console.WriteLine("CustomerID = {0}   OrderCount = {1}", _
               cont.CustomerID, cont.OrderCount)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example groups products by color and uses Count to return the number of products in each color group.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    var query =
        from product in products
        group product by product.Color into g
        select new { Color = g.Key, ProductCount = g.Count() };

    foreach (var product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Color = {0} \t ProductCount = {1}",
            product.Color,
            product.ProductCount);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query = _
        From prod In products _
        Let pc = prod.Color _
        Group prod By pc Into g = Group _
        Select New With {.Color = pc, .ProductCount = g.Count()}

    For Each prod In query
        Console.WriteLine("Color = {0} " & vbTab & " ProductCount = {1}", _
            prod.Color, prod.ProductCount)
    Next
End Using

Max

Example

The following example uses the Max method to get the largest total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            maxTotalDue =
                g.Max(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Maximum TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.maxTotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .MaxTotalDue = _
                g.Max(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
         }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Maximum TotalDue = {1}", _
            ord.Category, ord.MaxTotalDue)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses the Max method to get the orders with the largest total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        let maxTotalDue = g.Max(order => order.TotalDue)
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            CheapestProducts =
                g.Where(order => order.TotalDue == maxTotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var orderGroup in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
        foreach (var order in orderGroup.CheapestProducts)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MaxTotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ",
                order.TotalDue,
                order.SalesOrderID);
        }
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Let maxTotalDue = g.Max(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .CheapestProducts = _
                g.Where(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue = maxTotalDue) _
         }

    For Each orderGroup In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category)
        For Each ord In orderGroup.CheapestProducts
            Console.WriteLine("MaxTotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ", _
                ord.TotalDue, ord.SalesOrderID)
        Next
        Console.Write(vbNewLine)
    Next
End Using

Min

Example

The following example uses the Min method to get the smallest total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            smallestTotalDue =
                g.Min(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Minimum TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.smallestTotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .smallestTotalDue = _
                g.Min(Function(o) o.TotalDue) _
         }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Minimum TotalDue = {1}", ord.Category, ord.smallestTotalDue)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses the Min method to get the orders with the smallest total due for each contact.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        let minTotalDue = g.Min(order => order.TotalDue)
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            smallestTotalDue =
                g.Where(order => order.TotalDue == minTotalDue)
        };


    foreach (var orderGroup in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
        foreach (var order in orderGroup.smallestTotalDue)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Mininum TotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ",
                order.TotalDue,
                order.SalesOrderID);
        }
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Let minTotalDue = g.Min(Function(o) o.TotalDue) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .smallestTotalDue = _
                g.Where(Function(o) o.TotalDue = minTotalDue) _
         }

    For Each orderGroup In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category)
        For Each ord In orderGroup.smallestTotalDue
            Console.WriteLine("Mininum TotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ", _
                ord.TotalDue, ord.SalesOrderID)
        Next
        Console.Write(vbNewLine)
    Next
End Using

Sum

Example

The following example uses the Sum method to get the total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            TotalDue = g.Sum(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t TotalDue sum = {1}",
            order.Category, order.TotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .TotalDue = g.Sum(Function(o) o.TotalDue) _
        }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " TotalDue sum = {1}", ord.Category, ord.TotalDue)
    Next
End Using

See Also

Queries in LINQ to Entities