Supported and Unsupported LINQ Methods (LINQ to Entities)

This section provides information about the Language-Integrated Query (LINQ) standard query operators that are supported or unsupported in LINQ to Entities queries. Many of the LINQ standard query operators have an overloaded version that accepts an integer argument. The integer argument corresponds to a zero-based index in the sequence that is being operated on, an IEqualityComparer<T>, or IComparer<T>. Unless otherwise specified, these overloaded versions of the LINQ standard query operators are not supported, and attempting to use them will throw an exception.

Projection and Restriction Methods

Most of the LINQ projection and restriction methods are supported in LINQ to Entities queries, with the exception of those that accept a positional argument. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported projection and restriction methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
Select Supported Function Select(Of TSource, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> Select<TSource, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TResult>> selector )
Select Not supported Function Select(Of TSource, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> Select<TSource, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, int, TResult>> selector )
SelectMany Supported Function SelectMany(Of TSource, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, IEnumerable(Of TResult))) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> SelectMany<TSource, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, IEnumerable<TResult>>> selector )
SelectMany Not supported Function SelectMany(Of TSource, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, IEnumerable(Of TResult))) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> SelectMany<TSource, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, int, IEnumerable<TResult>>> selector )
SelectMany Supported Function SelectMany(Of TSource, TCollection, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ collectionSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, IEnumerable(Of TCollection))), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TCollection, TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> SelectMany\<TSource, TCollection, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, IEnumerable<TCollection>>> collectionSelector, Expression<Func\<TSource, TCollection, TResult>> resultSelector )
SelectMany Not supported Function SelectMany(Of TSource, TCollection, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ collectionSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, IEnumerable(Of TCollection))), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TCollection, TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> SelectMany\<TSource, TCollection, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, int, IEnumerable<TCollection>>> collectionSelector, Expression<Func\<TSource, TCollection, TResult>> resultSelector )
Where Supported Function Where(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Where<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Where Not supported Function Where(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, Boolean)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Where<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, int, bool>> predicate )

Join Methods

The LINQ join methods are supported in LINQ to Entities, with the exception of those that accept an IEqualityComparer because the comparer cannot be translated to the data source. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported join methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
GroupJoin Supported Function GroupJoin(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) ( _ outer As IQueryable(Of TOuter), _ inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), _ outerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TKey)), _ innerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TInner, TKey)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> GroupJoin<TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult>( this IQueryable<TOuter> outer, IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Expression<Func<TOuter, TKey>> outerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TInner, TKey>> innerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TOuter, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>> resultSelector )
GroupJoin Not Supported Function GroupJoin(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) ( _ outer As IQueryable(Of TOuter), _ inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), _ outerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TKey)), _ innerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TInner, TKey)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult)), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> GroupJoin\<TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult>( this IQueryable<TOuter> outer, IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Expression<Func\<TOuter, TKey>> outerKeySelector, Expression<Func\<TInner, TKey>> innerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TOuter, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>> resultSelector, IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer )
Join Supported Function Join(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) ( _ outer As IQueryable(Of TOuter), _ inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), _ outerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TKey)), _ innerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TInner, TKey)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TInner, TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> Join<TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult>( this IQueryable<TOuter> outer, IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Expression<Func<TOuter, TKey>> outerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TInner, TKey>> innerKeySelector, Expression<Func<TOuter, TInner, TResult>> resultSelector )
Join Not Supported Function Join(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) ( _ outer As IQueryable(Of TOuter), _ inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), _ outerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TKey)), _ innerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TInner, TKey)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TInner, TResult)), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> Join\<TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult>( this IQueryable<TOuter> outer, IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Expression<Func\<TOuter, TKey>> outerKeySelector, Expression<Func\<TInner, TKey>> innerKeySelector, Expression<Func\<TOuter, TInner, TResult>> resultSelector, IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer )

Set Methods

Most of the LINQ set methods are supported in LINQ to Entities queries, with the exception of those that use an EqualityComparer<T>. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported set methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
All Supported Function All(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As Boolean bool All<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Any Supported Function Any(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As Boolean bool Any<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Any Supported Function Any(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As Boolean bool Any<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Contains Supported Function Contains(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ item As TSource _ ) As Boolean bool Contains<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, TSource item )
Contains Not supported Function Contains(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ item As TSource, _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TSource) _ ) As Boolean bool Contains<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, TSource item, IEqualityComparer<TSource> comparer )
Concat Supported, but there is no

guarantee of order being preserved
Function Concat(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Concat<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2 )
DefaultIfEmpty Supported Function DefaultIfEmpty(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
DefaultIfEmpty Supported Function DefaultIfEmpty(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ defaultValue As TSource _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, TSource defaultValue )
Distinct Supported Function Distinct(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Distinct<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Distinct Not supported Function Distinct(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Distinct<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, IEqualityComparer<TSource> comparer )
Except Supported Function Except(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Except<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2 )
Except Not supported Function Except(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Except<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2, IEqualityComparer<TSource> comparer )
Intersect Supported Function Intersect(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Intersect<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2 )
Intersect Not supported Function Intersect(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Intersect<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2, IEqualityComparer<TSource> comparer )
Union Supported Function Union(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Union<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2 )
Union Not supported Function Union(Of TSource) ( _ source1 As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ source2 As IEnumerable(Of TSource), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Union<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source1, IEnumerable<TSource> source2, IEqualityComparer<TSource> comparer )

Ordering Methods

Most of the LINQ ordering methods are supported in LINQ to Entities, with the exception of those that accept an IComparer<T>, because the comparer cannot be translated to the data source. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported ordering methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
OrderBy Supported Function OrderBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderBy<TSource, TKey>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector )
OrderBy Not supported Function OrderBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ comparer As IComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderBy\<TSource, TKey>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, IComparer<TKey> comparer )
OrderByDescending Supported Function OrderByDescending(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderByDescending<TSource, TKey>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector )
OrderByDescending Not supported Function OrderByDescending(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ comparer As IComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> OrderByDescending\<TSource, TKey>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, IComparer<TKey> comparer )
ThenBy Supported Function ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ThenBy<TSource, TKey>( this IOrderedQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector )
ThenBy Not supported Function ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ comparer As IComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ThenBy\<TSource, TKey>( this IOrderedQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, IComparer<TKey> comparer )
ThenByDescending Supported Function ThenByDescending(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ThenByDescending<TSource, TKey>( this IOrderedQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector )
ThenByDescending Not supported Function ThenByDescending(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ comparer As IComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource) IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ThenByDescending\<TSource, TKey>( this IOrderedQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, IComparer<TKey> comparer )
Reverse Not supported Function Reverse(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Reverse<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )

Grouping Methods

Most of the LINQ grouping methods are supported in LINQ to Entities, with the exception of those that accept an IEqualityComparer<T>, because the comparer cannot be translated to the data source. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported grouping methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
GroupBy Supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TSource)) IQueryable<IGrouping<TKey, TSource>> GroupBy<TSource, TKey>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector )
GroupBy Not supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IQueryable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TSource)) IQueryable<IGrouping\<TKey, TSource>> GroupBy\<TSource, TKey>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer )
GroupBy Supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey, TElement) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ elementSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TElement)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TElement)) IQueryable<IGrouping<TKey, TElement>> GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>> elementSelector )
GroupBy Supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TSource), TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> GroupBy\<TSource, TKey, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, Expression<Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TSource>, TResult>> resultSelector )
GroupBy Not supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey, TElement) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ elementSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TElement)), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IQueryable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TElement)) IQueryable<IGrouping\<TKey, TElement>> GroupBy\<TSource, TKey, TElement>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, Expression<Func\<TSource, TElement>> elementSelector, IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer
GroupBy Supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey, TElement, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ elementSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TElement)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TElement), TResult)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>> elementSelector, Expression<Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TElement>, TResult>> resultSelector )
GroupBy Not supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TSource), TResult)), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> GroupBy\<TSource, TKey, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, Expression<Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TSource>, TResult>> resultSelector, IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer )
GroupBy Not supported Function GroupBy(Of TSource, TKey, TElement, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _ elementSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TElement)), _ resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TElement), TResult)), _ comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>> elementSelector, Expression<Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TElement>, TResult>> resultSelector, IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer )

Aggregate Methods

Most of the aggregate methods that accept primitive data types are supported in LINQ to Entities. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported aggregate methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
Aggregate Not supported Function Aggregate(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ func As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TSource, TSource)) _ ) As TSource TSource Aggregate<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, TSource, TSource>> func )
Aggregate Not supported Function Aggregate(Of TSource, TAccumulate) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ seed As TAccumulate, _ func As Expression(Of Func(Of TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate)) _ ) As TAccumulate TAccumulate Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, TAccumulate seed, Expression<Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>> func )
Aggregate Not supported Function Aggregate(Of TSource, TAccumulate, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ seed As TAccumulate, _ func As Expression(Of Func(Of TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate)), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TAccumulate, TResult)) _ ) As TResult TResult Aggregate<TSource, TAccumulate, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, TAccumulate seed, Expression<Func<TAccumulate, TSource, TAccumulate>> func, Expression<Func<TAccumulate, TResult>> selector )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Decimal) _ ) As Decimal decimal Average( this IQueryable<decimal> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Double) _ ) As Double double Average( this IQueryable<double> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Integer) _ ) As Double double Average( this IQueryable<int> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Long) _ ) As Double double Average( this IQueryable<long> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Decimal)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Decimal) Nullable<decimal> Average( this IQueryable<Nullable<decimal>> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Double)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Average( this IQueryable<Nullable<double>> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Integer)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Average( this IQueryable<Nullable<int>> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Long)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Average( this IQueryable<Nullable<long>> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Single)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Single) Nullable<float> Average( this IQueryable<Nullable<float>> source )
Average Supported Function Average ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Single) _ ) As Single float Average( this IQueryable<float> source )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer)) _ ) As Double double Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, int>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Integer))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<int>>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Long)) _ ) As Double double Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, long>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Long))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<long>>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Single)) _ ) As Single float Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, float>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Single))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Single) Nullable<float> Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<float>>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Double)) _ ) As Double double Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, double>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Double))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<double>>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Decimal)) _ ) As Decimal decimal Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, decimal>> selector )
Average Not supported Function Average(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Decimal))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Decimal) Nullable<decimal> Average<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<decimal>>> selector )
Count Supported Function Count(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As Integer int Count<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Count Not supported Function Count(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As Integer int Count<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
LongCount Supported Function LongCount(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As Long long LongCount<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
LongCount Not supported Function LongCount(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As Long long LongCount<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Max Supported Function Max(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource Max<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Max Not supported Function Max(Of TSource, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TResult)) _ ) As TResult TResult Max<TSource, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TResult>> selector )
Min Supported Function Min(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource Min<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Min Not supported Function Min(Of TSource, TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TResult)) _ ) As TResult TResult Min<TSource, TResult>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, TResult>> selector )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Decimal) _ ) As Decimal decimal Sum( this IQueryable<decimal> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Double) _ ) As Double double Sum( this IQueryable<double> source
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Integer) _ ) As Integer int Sum( this IQueryable<int> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Long) _ ) As Long long Sum( this IQueryable<long> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Decimal)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Decimal) Nullable<decimal> Sum( this IQueryable<Nullable<decimal>> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Double)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Double)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double)Nullable<double> Sum( this IQueryable<Nullable<double>> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Integer)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Integer) Nullable<int> Sum( this IQueryable<Nullable<int>> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Long)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Long) Nullable<long> Sum( this IQueryable<Nullable<long>> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Nullable(Of Single)) _ ) As Nullable(Of Single) Nullable<float> Sum( this IQueryable<Nullable<float>> source )
Sum Supported Function Sum ( _ source As IQueryable(Of Single) _ ) As Single float Sum( this IQueryable<float> source )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer)) _ ) As Integer int Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, int>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Integer))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Integer) Nullable<int> Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<int>>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Long)) _ ) As Long long Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, long>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Long))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Long) Nullable<long> Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<long>>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Single))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Single) Nullable<float> Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<float>>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Single)) _ ) As Single float Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, float>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Double)) _ ) As Double double Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, double>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Double))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Double) Nullable<double> Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<double>>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Decimal)) _ ) As Decimal decimal Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, decimal>> selector )
Sum Not supported Function Sum(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Nullable(Of Decimal))) _ ) As Nullable(Of Decimal) Nullable<decimal> Sum<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, Nullable<decimal>>> selector )

Type Methods

The LINQ standard query operators that deal with CLR type conversion and testing are supported in the Entity Framework. Only CLR types that map to conceptual model types are supported in LINQ to Entities. For a list of conceptual model types, see Conceptual Model Types (CSDL). The following table lists the supported and unsupported type methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
Cast Supported for EDM primitive types Function Cast(Of TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> Cast<TResult>( this IQueryable source )
OfType Supported for EntityType Function OfType(Of TResult) ( _ source As IQueryable _ ) As IQueryable(Of TResult) IQueryable<TResult> OfType<TResult>( this IQueryable source )

Paging Methods

A number of the LINQ paging methods are not supported in LINQ to Entities queries. For more information, see Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries. The following table lists the supported and unsupported paging methods.

Method Support Visual Basic function signature C# method signature
ElementAt Not supported Function ElementAt(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ index As Integer _ ) As TSource TSource ElementAt<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, int index )
ElementAtOrDefault Not supported Function ElementAtOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ index As Integer _ ) As TSource TSource ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, int index )
First Supported Function First(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource First<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
First Supported Function First(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As TSource TSource First<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
FirstOrDefault Supported Function FirstOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource FirstOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
FirstOrDefault Supported Function FirstOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As TSource TSource FirstOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Last Not supported Function Last(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource Last<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Last Not supported Function Last(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As TSource TSource Last<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
LastOrDefault Not supported Function LastOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource LastOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
LastOrDefault Not supported Function LastOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As TSource TSource LastOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Single Supported Function Single(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource Single<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
Single Supported Function Single(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As TSource TSource Single<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
SingleOrDefault Supported Function SingleOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource) _ ) As TSource TSource SingleOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source )
SingleOrDefault Supported Function SingleOrDefault(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As TSource TSource SingleOrDefault<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
Skip Supported Function Skip(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ count As Integer _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Skip<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, int count )
SkipWhile Not supported Function SkipWhile(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> SkipWhile<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
SkipWhile Not supported Function SkipWhile(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, Boolean)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> SkipWhile<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, int, bool>> predicate )
Take Supported Function Take(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ count As Integer _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> Take<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, int count )
TakeWhile Not supported Function TakeWhile(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> TakeWhile<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, bool>> predicate )
TakeWhile Not supported Function TakeWhile(Of TSource) ( _ source As IQueryable(Of TSource), _ predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, Boolean)) _ ) As IQueryable(Of TSource) IQueryable<TSource> TakeWhile<TSource>( this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func\<TSource, int, bool>> predicate )

See Also

Standard Query Operators in LINQ to Entities Queries