Query Expression Syntax Examples: Projection (LINQ to DataSet)

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Select and SelectMany methods to query a DataSet using the query expression syntax.

The FillDataSet method used in these examples is specified in Loading Data Into a DataSet.

The examples in this topic use the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Globalization;
Option Explicit On

Imports System
Imports System.Linq
Imports System.Linq.Expressions
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Data.Common
Imports System.Globalization

For more information, see How to: Create a LINQ to DataSet Project In Visual Studio.

Select

Example

This example uses the Select method to return all the rows from the Product table and display the product names.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable products = ds.Tables["Product"];

IEnumerable<DataRow> query =
    from product in products.AsEnumerable()
    select product;

Console.WriteLine("Product Names:");
foreach (DataRow p in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine(p.Field<string>("Name"));
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim products As DataTable = ds.Tables("Product")

Dim query = From product In products.AsEnumerable() _
            Select product
Console.WriteLine("Product Names:")
For Each p In query
    Console.WriteLine(p.Field(Of String)("Name"))
Next

Example

This example uses Select to return a sequence of only product names.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable products = ds.Tables["Product"];

IEnumerable<string> query =
    from product in products.AsEnumerable()
    select product.Field<string>("Name");

Console.WriteLine("Product Names:");
foreach (string productName in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine(productName);
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim products As DataTable = ds.Tables("Product")

Dim query = From product In products.AsEnumerable() _
            Select product.Field(Of String)("Name")

Console.WriteLine("Product Names:")
For Each productName In query
    Console.WriteLine(productName)
Next

SelectMany

Example

This example uses From …, … (the equivalent of the SelectMany method) to select all orders where TotalDue is less than 500.00.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable contacts = ds.Tables["Contact"];
DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from contact in contacts.AsEnumerable()
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    where contact.Field<int>("ContactID") == order.Field<int>("ContactID")
        && order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue") < 500.00M
    select new
    {
        ContactID = contact.Field<int>("ContactID"),
        LastName = contact.Field<string>("LastName"),
        FirstName = contact.Field<string>("FirstName"),
        OrderID = order.Field<int>("SalesOrderID"),
        Total = order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue")
    };

foreach (var smallOrder in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Total Due: ${4} ",
        smallOrder.ContactID, smallOrder.LastName, smallOrder.FirstName,
        smallOrder.OrderID, smallOrder.Total);
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim contacts As DataTable = ds.Tables("Contact")
Dim orders As DataTable = ds.Tables("SalesOrderHeader")

Dim query = _
    From contact In contacts.AsEnumerable() _
    From order In orders.AsEnumerable() _
        Where (contact.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID") = _
            order.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID")) _
            And (order.Field(Of Decimal)("TotalDue") < 500D) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .ContactID = contact.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID"), _
            .LastName = contact.Field(Of String)("LastName"), _
            .FirstName = contact.Field(Of String)("FirstName"), _
            .OrderID = order.Field(Of Integer)("SalesOrderID"), _
            .TotalDue = order.Field(Of Decimal)("TotalDue") _
        }

For Each smallOrder In query
    Console.Write("ContactID: " & smallOrder.ContactID)
    Console.Write(" Name: {0}, {1}", smallOrder.LastName, _
                       smallOrder.FirstName)
    Console.Write(" OrderID: " & smallOrder.OrderID)
    Console.WriteLine(" TotalDue: $" & smallOrder.TotalDue)
Next

Example

This example uses From …, … (the equivalent of the SelectMany method) to select all orders where the order was made on October 1, 2002 or later.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable contacts = ds.Tables["Contact"];
DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from contact in contacts.AsEnumerable()
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    where contact.Field<int>("ContactID") == order.Field<int>("ContactID") &&
        order.Field<DateTime>("OrderDate") >= new DateTime(2002, 10, 1)
    select new
    {
        ContactID = contact.Field<int>("ContactID"),
        LastName = contact.Field<string>("LastName"),
        FirstName = contact.Field<string>("FirstName"),
        OrderID = order.Field<int>("SalesOrderID"),
        OrderDate = order.Field<DateTime>("OrderDate")
    };

foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Order date: {4:d} ",
        order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.FirstName,
        order.OrderID, order.OrderDate);
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim contacts As DataTable = ds.Tables("Contact")
Dim orders As DataTable = ds.Tables("SalesOrderHeader")

Dim query = _
    From contact In contacts.AsEnumerable() _
    From order In orders.AsEnumerable() _
    Where contact.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID") = order.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID") And _
        order.Field(Of DateTime)("OrderDate") >= New DateTime(2002, 10, 1) _
    Select New With _
        { _
           .ContactID = contact.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID"), _
           .LastName = contact.Field(Of String)("LastName"), _
           .FirstName = contact.Field(Of String)("FirstName"), _
           .OrderID = order.Field(Of Integer)("SalesOrderID"), _
           .OrderDate = order.Field(Of DateTime)("OrderDate") _
        }

For Each order In query
    Console.Write("Contact ID: " & order.ContactID)
    Console.Write(" Name: " & order.LastName & ", " & order.FirstName)
    Console.Write(" Order ID: " & order.OrderID)
    Console.WriteLine(" Order date: {0:d} ", order.OrderDate)
Next

Example

This example uses a From …, … (the equivalent of the SelectMany method) to select all orders where the order total is greater than 10000.00 and uses From assignment to avoid requesting the total twice.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable contacts = ds.Tables["Contact"];
DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from contact in contacts.AsEnumerable()
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    let total = order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue")
    where contact.Field<int>("ContactID") == order.Field<int>("ContactID") &&
          total >= 10000.0M
    select new
    {
        ContactID = contact.Field<int>("ContactID"),
        LastName = contact.Field<string>("LastName"),
        OrderID = order.Field<int>("SalesOrderID"),
        total
    };
foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Last name: {1} Order ID: {2} Total: {3}",
        order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.OrderID, order.total);
}

' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim contacts As DataTable = ds.Tables("Contact")
Dim orders As DataTable = ds.Tables("SalesOrderHeader")

Dim query = _
    From contact In contacts.AsEnumerable() _
    From order In orders.AsEnumerable() _
    Let total = order.Field(Of Decimal)("TotalDue") _
    Where contact.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID") = order.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID") And _
        total >= 10000D _
    Select New With _
        { _
           .ContactID = contact.Field(Of Integer)("ContactID"), _
           .LastName = contact.Field(Of String)("LastName"), _
           .OrderID = order.Field(Of Integer)("SalesOrderID"), _
           .OrderDate = order.Field(Of DateTime)("OrderDate"), _
           total _
        }

For Each order In query
    Console.Write("Contact ID: " & order.ContactID)
    Console.Write(" Last Name: " & order.LastName)
    Console.Write(" Order ID: " & order.OrderID)
    Console.WriteLine(" Total: $" & order.total)
Next

See Also

Loading Data Into a DataSet
LINQ to DataSet Examples
Standard Query Operators Overview