How to: Perform Lazy Initialization of Objects

The System.Lazy<T> class simplifies the work of performing lazy initialization and instantiation of objects. By initializing objects in a lazy manner, you can avoid having to create them at all if they are never needed, or you can postpone their initialization until they are first accessed. For more information, see Lazy Initialization.

Example

The following example shows how to initialize a value with Lazy<T>. Assume that the lazy variable might not be needed, depending on some other code that sets the someCondition variable to true or false.

Dim someCondition As Boolean = False  

Sub Main()  
    'Initializing a value with a big computation, computed in parallel  
    Dim _data As Lazy(Of Integer) = New Lazy(Of Integer)(Function()  
                                                             Dim result =  
                                                                 ParallelEnumerable.Range(0, 1000).  
                                                                 Aggregate(Function(x, y)  
                                                                               Return x + y  
                                                                           End Function)  
                                                             Return result  
                                                         End Function)  

    '  do work that may or may not set someCondition to True  
    ' ...  
    '  Initialize the data only if needed  
    If someCondition = True Then  

        If (_data.Value > 100) Then  

            Console.WriteLine("Good data")  
        End If  
    End If  
End Sub  
  static bool someCondition = false;    
  //Initializing a value with a big computation, computed in parallel  
  Lazy<int> _data = new Lazy<int>(delegate  
  {  
      return ParallelEnumerable.Range(0, 1000).  
          Select(i => Compute(i)).Aggregate((x,y) => x + y);  
  }, LazyExecutionMode.EnsureSingleThreadSafeExecution);  

  // Do some work that may or may not set someCondition to true.  
  //  ...  
  // Initialize the data only if necessary  
  if (someCondition)  
{  
    if (_data.Value > 100)  
      {  
          Console.WriteLine("Good data");  
      }  
}  

Example

The following example shows how to use the System.Threading.ThreadLocal<T> class to initialize a type that is visible only to the current object instance on the current thread.

//Initializing a value per thread, per instance
 ThreadLocal<int[][]> _scratchArrays = 
     new ThreadLocal<int[][]>(InitializeArrays);
// . . .
 static int[][] InitializeArrays () {return new int[][]}
//   . . .
// use the thread-local data
int i = 8;
int [] tempArr = _scratchArrays.Value[i];
    'Initializing a value per thread, per instance
    Dim _scratchArrays =
        New ThreadLocal(Of Integer()())(Function() InitializeArrays())

    ' use the thread-local data
    Dim tempArr As Integer() = _scratchArrays.Value(i)
    ' ...
End Sub

Function InitializeArrays() As Integer()()
    Dim result(10)() As Integer
    ' Initialize the arrays on the current thread.
    ' ... 

    Return result
End Function

See Also

System.Threading.LazyInitializer
Lazy Initialization