How to: Configure a WCF Client to interoperate with WSE3.0 Services

Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) clients are wire-level compatible with Web Services Enhancements 3.0 for Microsoft .NET (WSE) services when WCF clients are configured to use the August 2004 version of the WS-Addressing specification.

To configure a WCF client to interoperate with a WSE 3.0 Web service

  1. Run the ServiceModel Metadata Utility Tool (Svcutil.exe) to create a WCF client for the WSE 3.0 Web service.

    For a WSE Web service, a WCF client class is created.

    For details about creating a WCF client, see the How to: Create a Client.

  2. Create a class that represents a binding that can communicate with WSE 3.0 Web services.

    The following class is part of the Interoperating with WSE sample.

    1. Create a class that derives from the Binding class.

      The following code example creates a class named WseHttpBinding that derives from the Binding class.

      public class WseHttpBinding : Binding
      {
      
      Public Class WseHttpBinding
          Inherits Binding
      
    2. Add properties to the class that specify the WSE turnkey assertion, whether derived keys are required, whether secure sessions are used, whether signature confirmations are required, and the message protection settings.

      The following code example defines SecurityAssertion,``RequireDerivedKeys, EstablishSecurityContext, MessageProtectionOrder properties that specify the WSE turnkey assertion, whether derived keys are required, whether secure sessions are used, whether signature confirmations are required, and the message protection settings, respectively.

      
      private WseSecurityAssertion assertion;
      public WseSecurityAssertion SecurityAssertion
      {
          get { return assertion; }
          set { assertion = value; }
      }
      
      private bool requireDerivedKeys;
      public bool RequireDerivedKeys
      {
          get { return requireDerivedKeys; }
          set { requireDerivedKeys = value; }
      }
      
      private bool establishSecurityContext;
      public bool EstablishSecurityContext
      {
          get { return establishSecurityContext; }
          set { establishSecurityContext = value; }
      }
      
      private bool requireSignatureConfirmation;
      public bool RequireSignatureConfirmation
      {
          get { return requireSignatureConfirmation; }
          set { requireSignatureConfirmation = value; }
      }
      
      private MessageProtectionOrder messageProtectionOrder;
      public MessageProtectionOrder MessageProtectionOrder
      {
          get { return messageProtectionOrder; }
          set { messageProtectionOrder = value; }
      }
      
      Public Property SecurityAssertion() As WseSecurityAssertion
      
          Get
      
              Return assertion
      
          End Get
          Set(ByVal value As WseSecurityAssertion)
      
              assertion = value
      
          End Set
      
      End Property
      
      Private m_requireDerivedKeys As Boolean
      Public Property RequireDerivedKeys() As Boolean
      
          Get
      
              Return m_requireDerivedKeys
      
          End Get
          Set(ByVal value As Boolean)
      
              m_requireDerivedKeys = value
      
          End Set
      
      End Property
      
      Private m_establishSecurityContext As Boolean
      Public Property EstablishSecurityContext() As Boolean
      
          Get
      
              Return m_establishSecurityContext
      
          End Get
          Set(ByVal value As Boolean)
      
              m_establishSecurityContext = value
      
          End Set
      
      End Property
      
      Private m_requireSignatureConfirmation As Boolean
      Public Property RequireSignatureConfirmation() As Boolean
      
          Get
      
              Return m_requireSignatureConfirmation
      
          End Get
          Set(ByVal value As Boolean)
      
              m_requireSignatureConfirmation = value
      
          End Set
      
      End Property
      
      Private m_messageProtectionOrder As MessageProtectionOrder
      Public Property MessageProtectionOrder() As MessageProtectionOrder
      
          Get
      
              Return m_messageProtectionOrder
      
          End Get
          Set(ByVal value As MessageProtectionOrder)
      
              m_messageProtectionOrder = value
      
          End Set
      
      End Property
      
    3. Override the CreateBindingElements method to set the binding properties.

      The following code example specifies the transport, message encoding, and message protection settings by getting the values of the SecurityAssertion and MessageProtectionOrder properties.

      public override BindingElementCollection CreateBindingElements()
      {
          //SecurityBindingElement sbe = bec.Find<SecurityBindingElement>();
          BindingElementCollection bec = new BindingElementCollection();
          // By default http transport is used
          SecurityBindingElement securityBinding;
          BindingElement transport;
      
          switch (assertion)
          {
              case WseSecurityAssertion.UsernameOverTransport:
                  transport = new HttpsTransportBindingElement();
                  securityBinding = (TransportSecurityBindingElement)SecurityBindingElement.CreateUserNameOverTransportBindingElement();
                  if (establishSecurityContext == true)
                      throw new InvalidOperationException("Secure Conversation is not supported for this Security Assertion Type");
                  if (requireSignatureConfirmation == true)
                      throw new InvalidOperationException("Signature Confirmation is not supported for this Security Assertion Type");
                  break;
              case WseSecurityAssertion.MutualCertificate10:
                  transport = new HttpTransportBindingElement();
                  securityBinding = SecurityBindingElement.CreateMutualCertificateBindingElement(MessageSecurityVersion.WSSecurity10WSTrustFebruary2005WSSecureConversationFebruary2005WSSecurityPolicy11BasicSecurityProfile10);
                  if (requireSignatureConfirmation == true)
                      throw new InvalidOperationException("Signature Confirmation is not supported for this Security Assertion Type");
                  ((AsymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).MessageProtectionOrder = messageProtectionOrder;
                  break;
              case WseSecurityAssertion.UsernameForCertificate:
                  transport = new HttpTransportBindingElement();
                  securityBinding = (SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)SecurityBindingElement.CreateUserNameForCertificateBindingElement();
                  // We want signatureconfirmation on the bootstrap process 
                  // either for the application messages or for the RST/RSTR
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).RequireSignatureConfirmation = requireSignatureConfirmation;
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).MessageProtectionOrder = messageProtectionOrder;
                  break;
              case WseSecurityAssertion.AnonymousForCertificate:
                  transport = new HttpTransportBindingElement();
                  securityBinding = (SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)SecurityBindingElement.CreateAnonymousForCertificateBindingElement();
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).RequireSignatureConfirmation = requireSignatureConfirmation;
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).MessageProtectionOrder = messageProtectionOrder;
                  break;
              case WseSecurityAssertion.MutualCertificate11:
                  transport = new HttpTransportBindingElement();
                  securityBinding = SecurityBindingElement.CreateMutualCertificateBindingElement(MessageSecurityVersion.WSSecurity11WSTrustFebruary2005WSSecureConversationFebruary2005WSSecurityPolicy11);
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).RequireSignatureConfirmation = requireSignatureConfirmation;
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).MessageProtectionOrder = messageProtectionOrder;
                  break;
              case WseSecurityAssertion.Kerberos:
                  transport = new HttpTransportBindingElement();
                  securityBinding = (SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)SecurityBindingElement.CreateKerberosBindingElement();
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).RequireSignatureConfirmation = requireSignatureConfirmation;
                  ((SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)securityBinding).MessageProtectionOrder = messageProtectionOrder;
                  break;
              default:
                  throw new NotSupportedException("This supplied Wse security assertion is not supported");
          }
          //Set defaults for the security binding
          securityBinding.IncludeTimestamp = true;
      
          // Derived Keys
          // set the preference for derived keys before creating SecureConversationBindingElement
          securityBinding.SetKeyDerivation(requireDerivedKeys);
      
          //Secure Conversation 
          if (establishSecurityContext == true)
          {
              SymmetricSecurityBindingElement secureconversation =
                      (SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)SymmetricSecurityBindingElement.CreateSecureConversationBindingElement(
                                                  securityBinding, false);
              // This is the default
              //secureconversation.DefaultProtectionLevel = ProtectionLevel.EncryptAndSign;				
      
              //Set defaults for the secure conversation binding
              secureconversation.DefaultAlgorithmSuite = SecurityAlgorithmSuite.Basic256;
              // We do not want signature confirmation on the application level messages 
              // when secure conversation is enabled.
              secureconversation.RequireSignatureConfirmation = false;
              secureconversation.MessageProtectionOrder = messageProtectionOrder;
              secureconversation.SetKeyDerivation(requireDerivedKeys);
              securityBinding = secureconversation;
          }
      
          // Add the security binding to the binding collection
          bec.Add(securityBinding);
      
          // Add the message encoder. 
          TextMessageEncodingBindingElement textelement = new TextMessageEncodingBindingElement();
          textelement.MessageVersion = MessageVersion.Soap11WSAddressingAugust2004;
          //These are the defaults required for WSE
          //textelement.MessageVersion = MessageVersion.Soap11Addressing1;
          //textelement.WriteEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;
          bec.Add(textelement);
      
          // Add the transport
          bec.Add(transport);
      
      
          // return the binding elements
          return bec;
      }
      
      Public Overloads Overrides Function CreateBindingElements() As BindingElementCollection
      
          'SecurityBindingElement sbe = bec.Find<SecurityBindingElement>();
          Dim bec As New BindingElementCollection()
          ' By default http transport is used
          Dim securityBinding As SecurityBindingElement
          Dim transport As BindingElement
      
          Select Case assertion
      
              Case WseSecurityAssertion.UsernameOverTransport
                  transport = New HttpsTransportBindingElement()
                  securityBinding = DirectCast(SecurityBindingElement.CreateUserNameOverTransportBindingElement(), TransportSecurityBindingElement)
                  If m_establishSecurityContext = True Then
                      Throw New InvalidOperationException("Secure Conversation is not supported for this Security Assertion Type")
                  End If
                  If m_requireSignatureConfirmation = True Then
                      Throw New InvalidOperationException("Signature Confirmation is not supported for this Security Assertion Type")
                  End If
                  Exit Select
              Case WseSecurityAssertion.MutualCertificate10
                  transport = New HttpTransportBindingElement()
                  securityBinding = SecurityBindingElement.CreateMutualCertificateBindingElement(MessageSecurityVersion.WSSecurity10WSTrustFebruary2005WSSecureConversationFebruary2005WSSecurityPolicy11BasicSecurityProfile10)
                  If m_requireSignatureConfirmation = True Then
                      Throw New InvalidOperationException("Signature Confirmation is not supported for this Security Assertion Type")
                  End If
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, AsymmetricSecurityBindingElement).MessageProtectionOrder = m_messageProtectionOrder
                  Exit Select
              Case WseSecurityAssertion.UsernameForCertificate
                  transport = New HttpTransportBindingElement()
                  securityBinding = DirectCast(SecurityBindingElement.CreateUserNameForCertificateBindingElement(), SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)
                  ' We want signatureconfirmation on the bootstrap process 
                  ' either for the application messages or for the RST/RSTR
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).RequireSignatureConfirmation = m_requireSignatureConfirmation
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).MessageProtectionOrder = m_messageProtectionOrder
                  Exit Select
              Case WseSecurityAssertion.AnonymousForCertificate
                  transport = New HttpTransportBindingElement()
                  securityBinding = DirectCast(SecurityBindingElement.CreateAnonymousForCertificateBindingElement(), SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).RequireSignatureConfirmation = m_requireSignatureConfirmation
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).MessageProtectionOrder = m_messageProtectionOrder
                  Exit Select
              Case WseSecurityAssertion.MutualCertificate11
                  transport = New HttpTransportBindingElement()
                  securityBinding = SecurityBindingElement.CreateMutualCertificateBindingElement(MessageSecurityVersion.WSSecurity11WSTrustFebruary2005WSSecureConversationFebruary2005WSSecurityPolicy11)
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).RequireSignatureConfirmation = m_requireSignatureConfirmation
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).MessageProtectionOrder = m_messageProtectionOrder
                  Exit Select
              Case WseSecurityAssertion.Kerberos
                  transport = New HttpTransportBindingElement()
                  securityBinding = DirectCast(SecurityBindingElement.CreateKerberosBindingElement(), SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).RequireSignatureConfirmation = m_requireSignatureConfirmation
                  DirectCast(securityBinding, SymmetricSecurityBindingElement).MessageProtectionOrder = m_messageProtectionOrder
                  Exit Select
              Case Else
                  Throw New NotSupportedException("This supplied Wse security assertion is not supported")
      
          End Select
      
          'Set defaults for the security binding
          securityBinding.IncludeTimestamp = True
      
          ' Derived Keys
          ' Set the preference for derived keys before creating the binding for SecureConversation.
          securityBinding.SetKeyDerivation(m_requireDerivedKeys)
      
          'Secure Conversation 
          If m_establishSecurityContext = True Then
      
              Dim secureconversation As SymmetricSecurityBindingElement = DirectCast(SymmetricSecurityBindingElement.CreateSecureConversationBindingElement(securityBinding, False), SymmetricSecurityBindingElement)
              ' This is the default
              'secureconversation.DefaultProtectionLevel = ProtectionLevel.EncryptAndSign;		
      
              'Set defaults for the secure conversation binding
              secureconversation.DefaultAlgorithmSuite = SecurityAlgorithmSuite.Basic256
              ' We do not want signature confirmation on the application level messages 
              ' when secure conversation is enabled.
              secureconversation.RequireSignatureConfirmation = False
              secureconversation.MessageProtectionOrder = m_messageProtectionOrder
              secureconversation.SetKeyDerivation(m_requireDerivedKeys)
              securityBinding = secureconversation
      
          End If
      
          ' Add the security binding to the binding collection
          bec.Add(securityBinding)
      
          ' Add the message encoder. 
          Dim textelement As New TextMessageEncodingBindingElement()
          textelement.MessageVersion = System.ServiceModel.Channels.MessageVersion.Soap11WSAddressingAugust2004
          'These are the defaults required for WSE
          'textelement.MessageVersion = MessageVersion.Soap11Addressing1;
          'textelement.WriteEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;
          bec.Add(textelement)
      
          ' Add the transport
          bec.Add(transport)
      
          ' return the binding elements
          Return bec
      
      End Function
      
  3. In the client application code, add code to set the binding properties.

    The following code example specifies that the WCF client must use message protection and authentication as defined by the WSE 3.0 AnonymousForCertificate turnkey security assertion. Additionally, secure sessions and derived keys are required.

    static void CallWseService(bool usePolicyFile)
    {
        EndpointAddress address = new EndpointAddress(new Uri("http://localhost/WSSecurityAnonymousPolicy/WSSecurityAnonymousService.asmx"),
                                                      EndpointIdentity.CreateDnsIdentity("WSE2QuickStartServer"));
    
        WseHttpBinding binding = new WseHttpBinding();
        if (!usePolicyFile)
        {
            binding.SecurityAssertion = WseSecurityAssertion.AnonymousForCertificate;
            binding.EstablishSecurityContext = true;
            binding.RequireDerivedKeys = true;
            binding.MessageProtectionOrder = MessageProtectionOrder.SignBeforeEncrypt;
        }
        else
            binding.LoadPolicy("..\\wse3policyCache.config", "ServerPolicy");
    
        WSSecurityAnonymousServiceSoapClient client = new WSSecurityAnonymousServiceSoapClient(binding, address);
    
    Private Shared Sub CallWseService(ByVal usePolicyFile As Boolean)
    
        Dim address As New EndpointAddress(New Uri("http://localhost/WSSecurityAnonymousPolicy/WSSecurityAnonymousService.asmx"), EndpointIdentity.CreateDnsIdentity("WSE2QuickStartServer"))
    
        Dim binding As New WseHttpBinding()
        If Not usePolicyFile Then
    
            binding.SecurityAssertion = WseSecurityAssertion.AnonymousForCertificate
            binding.EstablishSecurityContext = True
            binding.RequireDerivedKeys = True
            binding.MessageProtectionOrder = MessageProtectionOrder.SignBeforeEncrypt
    
        Else
            binding.LoadPolicy("..\wse3policyCache.config", "ServerPolicy")
        End If
    
        Dim client As New WSSecurityAnonymousServiceSoapClient(binding, address)
    

Example

The following code example defines a custom binding that exposes properties that correspond to the properties of a WSE 3.0 turnkey security assertion. The custom binding, which is named WseHttpBinding, is then used to specify the binding properties for a WCF client.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Security;
using System.ServiceModel.Channels;

namespace Microsoft.ServiceModel.Samples
{
    // The service contract is defined in generatedClient.cs, generated from the service by
    // the svcutil tool.

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            CallWseService(true);
        }
        static void CallWseService(bool usePolicyFile)
        {
            EndpointAddress address = new EndpointAddress(new Uri("http://localhost/WSSecurityAnonymousPolicy/WSSecurityAnonymousService.asmx"),
                                                          EndpointIdentity.CreateDnsIdentity("WSE2QuickStartServer"));

            WseHttpBinding binding = new WseHttpBinding();
            if (!usePolicyFile)
            {
                binding.SecurityAssertion = WseSecurityAssertion.AnonymousForCertificate;
                binding.EstablishSecurityContext = true;
                binding.RequireDerivedKeys = true;
                binding.MessageProtectionOrder = MessageProtectionOrder.SignBeforeEncrypt;
            }
            else
                binding.LoadPolicy("..\\wse3policyCache.config", "ServerPolicy");

            WSSecurityAnonymousServiceSoapClient client = new WSSecurityAnonymousServiceSoapClient(binding, address);

            // Need to supply the credentials depending on the type of WseSecurityAssertion used.
            // Anonymous only requires server certificate. UsernameForCertificate would also require
            // a username and password to be supplied.
            client.ClientCredentials.ServiceCertificate.SetDefaultCertificate(
                                                                 StoreLocation.LocalMachine,
                                                                 StoreName.My,
                                                                 X509FindType.FindBySubjectDistinguishedName,
                                                                 "CN=WSE2QuickStartServer");
            string[] symbols = new string[] { "FABRIKAM", "CONTOSO" };
            StockQuote[] quotes = client.StockQuoteRequest(symbols);

            client.Close();

            // Success!
            foreach (StockQuote quote in quotes)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("");
                Console.WriteLine("Symbol: " + quote.Symbol);
                Console.WriteLine("\tName:\t\t\t" + quote.Name);
                Console.WriteLine("\tLast Price:\t\t" + quote.Last);
                Console.WriteLine("\tPrevious Change:\t" + quote.PreviousChange + "%");
            }

            Console.WriteLine("Press <ENTER> to terminate client.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.ServiceModel.Security
Imports System.ServiceModel.Channels
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Namespace Microsoft.ServiceModel.Samples

    ' The service contract is defined in generatedClient.vb, generated from the service by

    ' the svcutil tool.
    Class Program

        Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args As String())

            CallWseService(True)

        End Sub

        Private Shared Sub CallWseService(ByVal usePolicyFile As Boolean)

            Dim address As New EndpointAddress(New Uri("http://localhost/WSSecurityAnonymousPolicy/WSSecurityAnonymousService.asmx"), EndpointIdentity.CreateDnsIdentity("WSE2QuickStartServer"))

            Dim binding As New WseHttpBinding()
            If Not usePolicyFile Then

                binding.SecurityAssertion = WseSecurityAssertion.AnonymousForCertificate
                binding.EstablishSecurityContext = True
                binding.RequireDerivedKeys = True
                binding.MessageProtectionOrder = MessageProtectionOrder.SignBeforeEncrypt

            Else
                binding.LoadPolicy("..\wse3policyCache.config", "ServerPolicy")
            End If

            Dim client As New WSSecurityAnonymousServiceSoapClient(binding, address)

            ' Need to supply the credentials depending on the type of WseSecurityAssertion used.
            ' Anonymous only requires server certificate. UsernameForCertificate would also require
            ' a username and password to be supplied.
            client.ClientCredentials.ServiceCertificate.SetDefaultCertificate(StoreLocation.LocalMachine, StoreName.My, X509FindType.FindBySubjectDistinguishedName, "CN=WSE2QuickStartServer")
            Dim symbols As String() = New String() {"FABRIKAM", "CONTOSO"}
            Dim quotes As StockQuote() = client.StockQuoteRequest(symbols)

            client.Close()

            ' Success!
            For Each quote As StockQuote In quotes

                Console.WriteLine("")
                Console.WriteLine("Symbol: " + quote.Symbol)
                Console.WriteLine("" & Chr(9) & "Name:" & Chr(9) & "" & Chr(9) & "" & Chr(9) & "" + quote.Name)
                Console.WriteLine("" & Chr(9) & "Last Price:" & Chr(9) & "" & Chr(9) & "" & quote.Last)
                Console.WriteLine("" & Chr(9) & "Previous Change:" & Chr(9) & "" & quote.PreviousChange & "%")

            Next

            Console.WriteLine("Press <ENTER> to terminate client.")
            Console.ReadLine()

        End Sub

    End Class

End Namespace

See Also

Binding
Interoperating with WSE