Message Security with a User Name Client

The following illustration shows an Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) service and client secured using message-level security. The service is authenticated with an X.509 certificate. The client authenticates using a user name and password.

For a sample application, see Message Security User Name.

Message security using username authentication

Characteristic Description
Security Mode Message
Interoperability Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) only
Authentication (Server) Initial negotiation requires server authentication
Authentication (Client) User name/password
Integrity Yes, using shared security context
Confidentiality Yes, using shared security context
Transport HTTP
Binding WSHttpBinding

Service

The following code and configuration are meant to run independently. Do one of the following:

  • Create a stand-alone service using the code with no configuration.

  • Create a service using the supplied configuration, but do not define any endpoints.

Code

The following code shows how to create a service endpoint that uses message security.

// Create the binding.
WSHttpBinding binding = new WSHttpBinding();
binding.Security.Mode = SecurityMode.Message;
binding.Security.Message.ClientCredentialType =
     MessageCredentialType.UserName;

// Create the URI for the endpoint.
Uri httpUri = new Uri("http://localhost/Calculator");

// Create the service host.
ServiceHost myServiceHost =
    new ServiceHost(typeof(Calculator), httpUri);
myServiceHost.AddServiceEndpoint(typeof(ICalculator), binding, "");

// Specify a certificate to authenticate the service.
myServiceHost.Credentials.ServiceCertificate.
    SetCertificate(StoreLocation.LocalMachine,
    StoreName.My,
    X509FindType.FindBySubjectName,
    "Contoso.com");

myServiceHost.Open();
Console.WriteLine("Listening...");
Console.ReadLine();

// Close the service. 
myServiceHost.Close();
' Create the binding.
Dim binding As New WSHttpBinding()
binding.Security.Mode = SecurityMode.Message
binding.Security.Message.ClientCredentialType = MessageCredentialType.UserName

' Create the URI for the endpoint.
Dim httpUri As New Uri("http://localhost/Calculator")

' Create the service host.
Dim myServiceHost As New ServiceHost(GetType(ServiceModel.Calculator), httpUri)
myServiceHost.AddServiceEndpoint(GetType(ICalculator), binding, "")

' Specify a certificate to authenticate the service.
myServiceHost.Credentials.ServiceCertificate.SetCertificate(StoreLocation.LocalMachine, _
StoreName.My, X509FindType.FindBySubjectName, "Contoso.com")

myServiceHost.Open()
Console.WriteLine("Listening...")
Console.ReadLine()

' Close the service. 
myServiceHost.Close()

Configuration

The following configuration can be used instead of the code:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<configuration>  
  <system.serviceModel>  
    <behaviors>  
      <serviceBehaviors>  
        <behavior name="ServiceCredentialsBehavior">  
          <serviceCredentials>  
            <serviceCertificate findValue="Contoso.com"   
                                storeLocation="LocalMachine"  
                                storeName="My"     
                                x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" />  
          </serviceCredentials>  
        </behavior>  
      </serviceBehaviors>  
    </behaviors>  
    <services>  
      <service behaviorConfiguration="ServiceCredentialsBehavior"  
               name="ServiceModel.Calculator">  
        <endpoint address="http://localhost/Calculator"  
                  binding="wsHttpBinding"  
                  bindingConfiguration="MessageAndUserName"  
                  name="SecuredByTransportEndpoint"  
                  contract="ServiceModel.ICalculator" />  
      </service>  
    </services>  
    <bindings>  
      <wsHttpBinding>  
        <binding name="MessageAndUserName">  
          <security mode="Message">              
            <message clientCredentialType="UserName" />  
          </security>  
        </binding>  
      </wsHttpBinding>  
    </bindings>  
    <client />  
  </system.serviceModel>  
</configuration>  

Client

Code

The following code creates the client. The binding is to message mode security, and the client credential type is set to UserName. The user name and password can only be specified using code (it is not configurable). The code to return the user name and password is not shown here because it must be done at the application level. For example, use a Windows Forms dialog box to query the user for the data.

// Create the binding.
WSHttpBinding myBinding = new WSHttpBinding();
myBinding.Security.Mode = SecurityMode.Message;
myBinding.Security.Message.ClientCredentialType =
    MessageCredentialType.UserName;

// Create the endpoint address. 
EndpointAddress ea = new
    EndpointAddress("http://machineName/Calculator");

// Create the client. 
CalculatorClient cc =
    new CalculatorClient(myBinding, ea);

// Set the user name and password. The code to 
// return the user name and password is not shown here. Use
// an interface to query the user for the information.
cc.ClientCredentials.UserName.UserName = ReturnUsername();
cc.ClientCredentials.UserName.Password = ReturnPassword();

// Begin using the client.
try
{
    cc.Open();
    Console.WriteLine(cc.Add(200, 1111));
    Console.ReadLine();

    // Close the client.
    cc.Close();
}
' Create the binding.
Dim myBinding As New WSHttpBinding()
myBinding.Security.Mode = SecurityMode.Message
myBinding.Security.Message.ClientCredentialType = _
   MessageCredentialType.UserName

' Create the endpoint address. 
Dim ea As New EndpointAddress("http://machineName/Calculator")

' Create the client. 
Dim cc As New CalculatorClient(myBinding, ea)

' Set the user name and password. The code to 
' return the user name and password is not shown here. Use
' an interface to query the user for the information.
cc.ClientCredentials.UserName.UserName = ReturnUsername()
cc.ClientCredentials.UserName.Password = ReturnPassword()

' Begin using the client.
Try
    cc.Open()

    Console.WriteLine(cc.Add(100, 11))
    Console.ReadLine()

    ' Close the client.
    cc.Close()
Catch tex As TimeoutException
    Console.WriteLine(tex.Message)
    cc.Abort()
Catch cex As CommunicationException
    Console.WriteLine(cex.Message)
    cc.Abort()
Finally
    Console.WriteLine("Closed the client")
    Console.ReadLine()
End Try

Configuration

The following code configures the client. The binding is to message mode security, and the client credential type is set to UserName. The user name and password can only be specified using code (it is not configurable).

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<configuration>  
  <system.serviceModel>  
    <bindings>  
      <wsHttpBinding>  
        <binding name="WSHttpBinding_ICalculator" >  
          <security mode="Message">  
            <message clientCredentialType="UserName" />  
          </security>  
        </binding>  
      </wsHttpBinding>  
    </bindings>  
    <client>  
      <endpoint address="http://machineName/Calculator"   
                binding="wsHttpBinding"  
                bindingConfiguration="WSHttpBinding_ICalculator"   
                contract="ICalculator"  
                name="WSHttpBinding_ICalculator">  
        <identity>  
          <dns value ="Contoso.com" />  
        </identity>  
      </endpoint>  
    </client>  
  </system.serviceModel>  
</configuration>  

See Also

Security Overview
Message Security User Name
Service Identity and Authentication
<identity>
Security Model for Windows Server App Fabric