Windows Workflow Foundation Glossary for .NET Framework 4.5

The following terms are used in the Windows Workflow Foundation documentation.


Term Definition
activity A unit of program behavior in Windows Workflow Foundation. Single activities can be composed together into more complex activities.
activity action A data structure used to expose callbacks for workflow and activity execution.
argument Defines the data flow into and out of an activity. Each argument has a specified direction: in, out, or in/out. These represent the input, output, and input/output parameters of the activity.
bookmark The point at which an activity can pause and wait to be resumed.
compensation A group of actions designed to undo or mitigate the effect of previously completed work.
correlation The mechanism for routing messages to a workflow or service instance.
expression A construct that takes in one or more arguments, performs an operation on the arguments and returns a single value. Expressions can be used anywhere an activity can be used.
flowchart A well-known modeling paradigm that represents program components as symbols linked together with directional arrows. In the .NET Framework 4, workflows can be modeled as flowcharts using the Flowchart activity.
long-running process A unit of program execution that does not return immediately and may span system restarts.
persistence Saving the state of a workflow or service to a durable medium, so that it can be unloaded from memory or recovered after a system failure.
state machine A well-known modeling paradigm that represents program components as individual states linked together with event-driven state transitions. Workflows can be modeled as state machines using the StateMachine activity.
substance Represents a group of related bookmarks under a common identifier and allows the runtime to make decisions about whether a particular bookmark resumption is valid or may become valid.
type converter A CLR type can be associated with one or more System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter derived types that enable converting instances of the CLR type to and from instances of other types. A type converter is associated with a CLR type using the System.ComponentModel.TypeConverterAttribute attribute. A TypeConverterAttribute can be specified directly on the CLR type or on a property. A type converter specified on a property always takes precedence over a type converter specified on the CLR type of the property.
variable Represents the storage of some data that must be saved and accessed later.
workflow A single activity or tree of activities invoked by a host process.
XAML eXtensible Application Markup Language