Window Styles and Templates

This topic describes the styles and templates for the Window control. You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

Window Parts

The Window control does not have any named parts.

Window States

The following table lists the visual states for the Window control.

VisualState Name VisualStateGroup Name Description
Valid ValidationStates The control uses the Validation class and the Validation.HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocused ValidationStates The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocused ValidationStates The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

Window ControlTemplate Example

The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the Window control.

<Style x:Key="{x:Type Window}"
       TargetType="{x:Type Window}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Window}">
        <Grid>
          <Grid.Background>
            <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource WindowColor}"/>
          </Grid.Background>
          <AdornerDecorator>
            <ContentPresenter />
          </AdornerDecorator>
          <ResizeGrip x:Name="WindowResizeGrip"
                      HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                      VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                      Visibility="Collapsed"
                      IsTabStop="false" />
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="ResizeMode"
                   Value="CanResizeWithGrip">
            <Setter TargetName="WindowResizeGrip"
                    Property="Visibility"
                    Value="Visible" />
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

The ControlTemplate uses one or more of the following resources.

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ResizeGrip}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ResizeGrip}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ResizeGrip}">
        <Border Background="Transparent"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
                Width="16"
                Height="16">
          <Rectangle Margin="2">
            <Rectangle.Fill>
              <DrawingBrush Viewport="0,0,4,4"
                            ViewportUnits="Absolute"
                            Viewbox="0,0,8,8"
                            ViewboxUnits="Absolute"
                            TileMode="Tile">
                <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
                  <DrawingGroup>
                    <DrawingGroup.Children>
                      <GeometryDrawing Brush="#FFE8EDF9"
                                       Geometry="M 4 4 L 4 8 L 
                                                 8 8 L 8 4 z" />
                    </DrawingGroup.Children>
                  </DrawingGroup>
                </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
              </DrawingBrush>
            </Rectangle.Fill>
          </Rectangle>
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>
<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

See Also

Style
ControlTemplate
Control Styles and Templates
Control Customization
Styling and Templating
Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate