# Not Operator (Visual Basic)

Performs logical negation on a `Boolean`

expression, or bitwise negation on a numeric expression.

## Syntax

```
result = Not expression
```

## Parts

`result`

Required. Any `Boolean`

or numeric expression.

`expression`

Required. Any `Boolean`

or numeric expression.

## Remarks

For `Boolean`

expressions, the following table illustrates how `result`

is determined.

If `expression` is |
The value of `result` is |
---|---|

`True` |
`False` |

`False` |
`True` |

For numeric expressions, the `Not`

operator inverts the bit values of any numeric expression and sets the corresponding bit in `result`

according to the following table.

If bit in `expression` is |
The bit in `result` is |
---|---|

1 | 0 |

0 | 1 |

Note

Since the logical and bitwise operators have a lower precedence than other arithmetic and relational operators, any bitwise operations should be enclosed in parentheses to ensure accurate execution.

## Data Types

For a Boolean negation, the data type of the result is `Boolean`

. For a bitwise negation, the result data type is the same as that of `expression`

. However, if expression is `Decimal`

, the result is `Long`

.

## Overloading

The `Not`

operator can be *overloaded*, which means that a class or structure can redefine its behavior when its operand has the type of that class or structure. If your code uses this operator on such a class or structure, be sure you understand its redefined behavior. For more information, see Operator Procedures.

## Example

The following example uses the `Not`

operator to perform logical negation on a `Boolean`

expression. The result is a `Boolean`

value that represents the reverse of the value of the expression.

```
Dim a As Integer = 10
Dim b As Integer = 8
Dim c As Integer = 6
Dim firstCheck, secondCheck As Boolean
firstCheck = Not (a > b)
secondCheck = Not (b > a)
```

The preceding example produces results of `False`

and `True`

, respectively.

## Example

The following example uses the `Not`

operator to perform logical negation of the individual bits of a numeric expression. The bit in the result pattern is set to the reverse of the corresponding bit in the operand pattern, including the sign bit.

```
Dim a As Integer = 10
Dim b As Integer = 8
Dim c As Integer = 6
Dim firstPattern, secondPattern, thirdPattern As Integer
firstPattern = (Not a)
secondPattern = (Not b)
thirdPattern = (Not c)
```

The preceding example produces results of –11, –9, and –7, respectively.