Causes the current class or interface to inherit the attributes, variables, properties, procedures, and events from another class or set of interfaces.
||Required. The name of the class from which this class derives.
The names of the interfaces from which this interface derives. Use commas to separate multiple names.
If used, the
Inherits statement must be the first non-blank, non-comment line in a class or interface definition. It should immediately follow the
You can use
Inherits only in a class or interface. This means the declaration context for an inheritance cannot be a source file, namespace, structure, module, procedure, or block.
Class Inheritance. If a class uses the
Inheritsstatement, you can specify only one base class.
A class cannot inherit from a class nested within it.
Interface Inheritance. If an interface uses the
Inheritsstatement, you can specify one or more base interfaces. You can inherit from two interfaces even if they each define a member with the same name. If you do so, the implementing code must use name qualification to specify which member it is implementing.
An interface cannot inherit from another interface with a more restrictive access level. For example, a
Publicinterface cannot inherit from a
An interface cannot inherit from an interface nested within it.
An example of class inheritance in the .NET Framework is the ArgumentException class, which inherits from the SystemException class. This provides to ArgumentException all the predefined properties and procedures required by system exceptions, such as the Message property and the ToString method.
An example of interface inheritance in the .NET Framework is the ICollection interface, which inherits from the IEnumerable interface. This causes ICollection to inherit the definition of the enumerator required to traverse a collection.
The following example uses the
Inherits statement to show how a class named
thisClass can inherit all the members of a base class named
Public Class thisClass Inherits anotherClass ' Add code to override, overload, or extend members ' inherited from the base class. ' Add new variable, property, procedure, and event declarations. End Class
The following example shows inheritance of multiple interfaces.
Public Interface thisInterface Inherits IComparable, IDisposable, IFormattable ' Add new property, procedure, and event definitions. End Interface
The interface named
thisInterface now includes all the definitions in the IComparable, IDisposable, and IFormattable interfaces The inherited members provide respectively for type-specific comparison of two objects, releasing allocated resources, and expressing the value of an object as a
String. A class that implements
thisInterface must implement every member of every base interface.