Differences Between Shadowing and Overriding (Visual Basic)
When you define a class that inherits from a base class, you sometimes want to redefine one or more of the base class elements in the derived class. Shadowing and overriding are both available for this purpose.
Shadowing and overriding are both used when a derived class inherits from a base class, and both redefine one declared element with another. But there are significant differences between the two.
The following table compares shadowing with overriding.
|Point of comparison||Shadowing||Overriding|
|Purpose||Protects against a subsequent base-class modification that introduces a member you have already defined in your derived class||Achieves polymorphism by defining a different implementation of a procedure or property with the same calling sequence1|
|Redefined element||Any declared element type||Only a procedure (
|Redefining element||Any declared element type||Only a procedure or property with the identical calling sequence1|
|Access level of redefining element||Any access level||Cannot change access level of overridden element|
|Readability and writability of redefining element||Any combination||Cannot change readability or writability of overridden property|
|Control over redefining||Base class element cannot enforce or prohibit shadowing||Base class element can specify
|Inheritance of redefining element by classes deriving from your derived class||Shadowing element inherited by further derived classes; shadowed element still hidden3||Overriding element inherited by further derived classes; overridden element still overridden|
1 The calling sequence consists of the element type (
Property), name, parameter list, and return type. You cannot override a procedure with a property, or the other way around. You cannot override one kind of procedure (
Operator) with another kind.
2 If you do not specify either
Overrides, the compiler issues a warning message to help you be sure which kind of redefinition you want to use. If you ignore the warning, the shadowing mechanism is used.
3 If the shadowing element is inaccessible in a further derived class, shadowing is not inherited. For example, if you declare the shadowing element as
Private, a class deriving from your derived class inherits the original element instead of the shadowing element.
You normally use overriding in the following cases:
You are defining polymorphic derived classes.
You want the safety of having the compiler enforce the identical element type and calling sequence.
You normally use shadowing in the following cases:
You anticipate that your base class might be modified and define an element using the same name as yours.
You want the freedom of changing the element type or calling sequence.
References to Declared Elements
Shadowing in Visual Basic
How to: Hide a Variable with the Same Name as Your Variable
How to: Hide an Inherited Variable
How to: Access a Variable Hidden by a Derived Class