SETCURRENTKEY, SETRANGE, SETFILTER, GETRANGEMIN, and GETRANGEMAX Methods

The following methods are used to filter records in a table:

  • SETCURRENTKEY

  • SETRANGE

  • SETFILTER

  • GETRANGEMIN

  • GETRANGEMAX

These methods are some of the most commonly used AL methods. They set limits on the value of one or more specified fields, so that only a subset of the records are displayed, modified, deleted, and so on.

SETCURRENTKEY Method

SetCurrentKey sorts the contents of the table on the provided fields and selects the key that contains the specified fields if possible.

SetCurrentKey has the following syntax.

[Ok :=] Record.SetCurrentKey(Field1, [Field2],...)  

When you use SetCurrentKey the following rules apply:

  • Inactive fields are ignored. Only active keys are scanned.

  • When searching for a key, the first occurrence of the specified fields is selected. This means the following:

    • If you specify only one field as a parameter when you call SetCurrentKey, the key that is actually selected may consist of more than one field.

    • If the field that you specify is the first component of several keys, the key that is selected may not be the key that you expect.

    • If no keys can be found that include the fields that you specify, the return value is FALSE. If you do not test the return value, a run-time error occurs. If you do test the return value, the program will continue to run even though no key was found.

For more information about this method, see SetCurrentKey Method (Record).

SETRANGE Method

SETRANGE sets a simple filter on a field.

SETRANGE has the following syntax.

Record.SETRANGE(Field [,From-Value] [,To-Value]);  

In the following example, SETRANGE filters the Customer table by selecting only those records where the No. field has a value between 10000 and 90000.

Customer.SETRANGE("No.",'10000','90000');  

When you use SETRANGE the following rules apply:

  • SETRANGE removes any filters that were set previously and replaces them with the From-Value and To-Value parameters that you specify.

  • If you use SETRANGE without setting the From-Value and To-Value parameters, the method removes any filters that are already set.

  • If you only set the From-Value, the To-Value is set to the same value as the From-Value.

SETFILTER Method

SETFILTER sets a filter in a more general way than SETRANGE.

SETFILTER has the following syntax.

Record.SETFILTER(Field, String [, Value], ...]);  

Field is the name of the field on which you want to set a filter. String is the filter expression. String may contain placeholders, such as %1 and %2, to indicate where to insert the Value parameter(s) in a filter expression.

The following example selects records where the value of No. is larger than 10000 and not equal to 20000.

Customer.SETFILTER("No.", '>10000 & <> 20000');  

If the variables Value1 and Value2 have been assigned "10000" and "20000" respectively, then you can use the following statement to create the same filter.

Customer.SETFILTER("No.",'>%1&<>%2',Value1, Value2);  

GETRANGEMIN Method

GETRANGEMIN retrieves the minimum value of the filter range that is currently applied to a field.

GETRANGEMIN has the following syntax.

Record.GETRANGEMIN(Field);  

A run-time error occurs if the filter that is currently applied is not a range. For example, you can set a filter as follows.

Customer.SETFILTER("No.",'10000|20000|30000');  

With this filter, the following code fails because the filter is not a range.

BottomValue := Customer.GETRANGEMIN("No.");  

GETRANGEMAX Method

GETRANGEMAX retrieves the maximum value of the filter range that is currently applied to a field.

GETRANGEMAX has the following syntax.

Value := Record.GETRANGEMAX(Field)