Financial dimension configuration
Dynamics 365 for Finance and Operations has evolved into purpose-built applications to help you manage specific business functions. For more information about these changes, see Dynamics 365 Licensing Guide.
This topic describes the Financial dimension configuration. There are two important areas for setup:
- the order of financial dimensions for financial reporting. This is configured on the Financial reporting setup page.
- the data entity integration formats. This is configured on the Integrating applications page. Data entity integration formats are required in order to import transactions that contain accounts and financial dimensions.
The Financial reporting setup page has a list of all financial dimensions in the system (General ledger > Ledger setup > Financial reporting setup).
The Financial reporting setup page has two sections that determine the data you report on in Financial reporting:
Dimensions tab - Because different companies use different dimensions and account structures, there is no way to determine the order in which users want to view all financial dimensions on reports. This page allows you set the order in which you want financial dimensions to appear when you build and view a report in Financial reporting.
Attributes tab - This is where you can select whether you want the ability to use Vendors and Customers as attributes for filtering and report design. Reporting on Vendor and Customer will only be valuable if you do not enter multiple vendors or customers in a single voucher when posting transactions. Choosing Vendor and/or Customer will add additional time to the integration.
The Data entities tab is where you define the order of financial dimensions for importing data. There is no rule about how you should set the order of your dimension formats. They are designed to be flexible enough that you can take your source files from an external system and import the data without spending time to make the source files match your account structures. Dimension validation still occurs during the import process, to verify that you aren't importing financial dimension values that don't exist for a particular segment. However, outside validation, account structures and dimension formats are independent of each other. There are four dimension format types:
- Default dimension format – This format type is required any time that you import default dimensions, through both Data Management and the Microsoft Excel integration. For example, you might require a default dimension format if you're importing the financial dimensions that are associated with a customer account.
- Ledger dimension format – This format type is required any time that you import ledger dimensions, through both Data Management and the Excel integration. The ledger dimension format is the most common format, because it's used any time that transactions are imported, such as through the general journal, or any time that setup information is imported, such as on posting profiles.
- Budget register dimension format – This format type is required any time that you import dimensions for budgeting and budget control, through both Data Management and the Excel integration.
- Budget planning dimension format – This format type is required any time that you import dimensions for budget planning, through both Data Management and the Excel integration.
The dimension format types are not company-specific. The setup is a global setup. You can set up as many of each format type as you require, but only one format type can be active at one time. If no dimension format type is set up, you will receive an error when you import. You will also receive errors if the order is incorrect. Let's look at some examples that show how the dimension formats work. We will use the ledger dimension format for these examples.
You're importing the following file.
|Date||Main account and dimensions||Amount|
When you import the file, the system reviews the Main account and dimensions column, and maps it to what you've set up in the active ledger dimension format. For this example, the active ledger dimension format is as follows: Main account - Department - Cost Center
The system reads the first segment in the Main account and dimensions column as the main account. In this example, that segment is 605140 in the first row. Therefore, the mapping from the import file to the active ledger dimension format is as follows: Main account == 605140 Department == 001 Cost Center == 02
Now let's look at the second row. The second row contains a fourth segment, ABC. In this example, ABC is dropped during the import from the line: Main account == 110110 Department == 002 Cost Center == 04 Segment 4, ABC, isn't imported.
For this example, we will use the same import file.
|Date||Main account and dimensions||Amount|
However, we will use the following active ledger dimension format: Main account - Department - Cost Center - Customer
For the first row of the import file, because only three segments are defined, a blank or dash is assumed for the Customer segment: Main account == 605140 Department == 001 Cost Center == 02 Customer == blank
Therefore, the string looks like this: 605140-001-02-
The second row is imported just as defined in the import file: Main account == 110110 Department == 002 Cost Center == 04 Customer == ABC