Inventory value reports

Inventory value reports provide details about your inventory physical and financial quantities and amounts. You can view the reports in many different ways. For example, you can show totals or transactions, or filter by items or a time range. You can view cost of goods sold (COGS) values or work in process (WIP) values, and set other options.

Inventory value reports let you perform the following tasks:

  • Do reconciliation between the general ledger and inventory.
  • Consult on-hand inventory and values for a specific period.
  • Create report configurations that are tailored to a specific purpose.
  • Save report configurations so that they can be used multiple times.
  • Add ranges to filter data when you run a report.

Types of inventory value report

There are two types of inventory value report: Inventory value (the standard report) and Inventory value report storage.

Standard Inventory value report

The standard Inventory value report is a simple report that lets you select the information that is included and then shows that information on the screen. It doesn't save the results. It also doesn't provide interactive features for filtering, drilling down, browsing, or exporting. For these reasons, we recommend that you use the Inventory value report storage report instead in most cases.

Inventory value report storage report

The Inventory value report storage report provides output either as an interactive page in Microsoft Dynamics 365 Supply Chain Management or as an exported document in one of several formats.

When you view the report in your browser, columns and aggregate balances are dynamically adjusted, depending on the layout that you've configured. You can sort the results, filter them, drill down into the data, and more.

Report results are stored in the Inventory value data entity. Therefore, you can filter and export the results to a format such as comma-separated values (CSV) or Microsoft Excel format.

The Inventory value report storage report is helpful when the output contains many lines. For example, you have 50,000 items, and 300 stores have been created as warehouses. In this case, if you request inventory ending balances by item, site, and warehouse, the output will contain many lines.

Note

The Inventory value report storage report doesn't include subtotals that are defined in the report layout. It also doesn't include general ledger balances, even if those balances are defined in the report layout. Reconciliation to the general ledger must be done by using trial balances. However, the standard Inventory value report does include these subtotals and balances.

Turn the Inventory value report storage feature on or off

As of Supply Chain Management version 10.0.25, this feature is turned on by default. Admins can turn this functionality on or off by searching for the Inventory value report storage feature in the Feature management workspace.

Define inventory value report configurations

Use the Inventory value reports page to set up the content that is included in the different types of inventory value report. You can define any number of report types. Each time that you generate either type of inventory value report, you will select a report type.

  1. Go to Cost management > Inventory accounting policies setup > Inventory value reports.

  2. Follow one of these steps:

    • To edit an existing report, select it in the list pane, and then select Edit on the Action Pane.
    • To create a new report, select New on the Action Pane.
  3. In the header of the new or selected report, set the following fields:

    • ID – Enter a short identifier for the report. This value must be unique among all inventory value report configurations. It can't be edited after you save a new configuration.
    • Name – Enter a descriptive name for the report.
  4. If you're creating a new report configuration, select Save on the Action Pane to make the remaining fields available.

  5. On the General FastTab, set the following fields:

    • Date interval – Select a predefined date interval. You can override this date interval when you run the report.
    • Range – Select either Posting date or Transaction Time, depending on the date and time that should be used when records are retrieved for the report.
    • Dimension set – Select the set of dimensions to run the data for. (The dimensions are defined in the general ledger.) For example, you might run the data for Main account or for Main account + Business unit. The dimension set that you select must have no more than two dimensions. For more information, see Financial dimension sets.
  6. On the Columns FastTab, set the following fields. These fields control the columns that your report includes and the types of data that those columns contain.

    • Inventory – Set this option to Yes to show the inventory values. You can then reconcile those values with the general ledger account balances.

    • WIP – Set this option to Yes to show the WIP values. You can then reconcile those values with WIP account balances in the general ledger. When you set this option to Yes, the report will show only the physical quantities and amounts of inventory that have WIP status. Production orders that have WIP status have been picked or reported as finished, but they haven't been ended.

    • Deferred COGS – Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the physical quantities and amounts of inventory for deferred COGS. Deferred COGS is shown by using physical quantities and amounts, because it offsets packing slip quantities and amounts.

    • COGS – Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the financial quantities and amounts for COGS. COGS is shown by using financial quantities and amounts, because it offsets the invoice quantities and amounts.

    • Profit and loss – Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the financial amount that was posted to the profit and loss accounts for inventory.

    • Print cumulative account values for comparison – Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the general ledger account balance. In this way, you won't have to check the trail balance. This option works only with the standard Inventory value report, not with the Inventory value report storage report. After you set this option to Yes, you must use the following fields to specify each general ledger account that you want to list, depending on the Financial position options that you've enabled.

      Note

      If you select a total account for any of these fields, both the amount of each inventory account that is included in the total account and the amount of the total account will be shown.

      • Inventory account – Specify the general ledger account to show inventory information for. (Both the Inventory option and the Print cumulative account values for comparison option must be set to Yes.)
      • WIP account – Specify the general ledger account to show WIP information for. (Both the WIP option and the Print cumulative account values for comparison option must be set to Yes.)
      • Deferred COGS account – Specify the general ledger account to show deferred COGS information for. (Both the Deferred COGS option and the Print cumulative account values for comparison option must be set to Yes.)
      • COGS account – Specify the general ledger account to show COGS information for. (Both the COGS option and the Print cumulative account values for comparison option must be set to Yes.)
    • Summarize physical and financial values – Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the total inventory quantity and inventory amount (a summary of both physical and financial inventory values). If this option is set to No, the report will show both physical and financial inventory values.

    • Include not posted to ledger Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the transactions that were never posted to the general ledger. Transactions for the following types of items might not be posted to the general ledger:

      • Received and not yet invoiced items when the Post physical inventory option is cleared for the relevant item model group.
      • Received and not yet invoiced items when the Post product receipt in ledger option is cleared on the Product receipt FastTab on the General tab of the Accounts payable parameters page (Accounts payable > Setup > Accounts payable parameters).
    • Calculate average unit cost – Set this option to Yes to display a column that shows the average unit cost. The average unit cost is the total amount divided by the total quantity.

    • Total quantity and value – Set this option to Yes to display columns that show the total quantity of physical inventory (and financial quantities) and the total amount of physical inventory (and financial amounts). You can set this option to Yes only if the Summarize physical and financial values option is set to No.

    • Inventory dimensions – In this grid, select the View checkbox for each dimension that you want to show on the report. Only dimensions where the Financial inventory option is enabled will show values on the report. Other dimensions will show only blank columns. For those dimensions that you select to show, you can select the Total checkbox to include totals too.

    • Resource ID – Set the View option to Yes to display a column that identifies the item for each row. Set the Total option to Yes to include totals too. Depending on the type of item that is listed in each row, the column shows one of the following types of information:

      • Material – The column shows the ItemID field value for the relevant material record.
      • Labor – The column shows the WorkCenterID field value for the relevant labor record.
      • Indirect cost – The column shows the CodeID field value for the relevant cost record.

      If the View option is set to No for both the Resource ID field and the Resource Group field, you will see only a total inventory value that is based on the inventory dimensions that you selected.

    • Resource Group – Set the View option to Yes to display a column that identifies the resource group for each row. Set the Total option to Yes to include totals too. Depending on the type of item that is listed in each row, the column shows one of the following types of information:

      • Material – The column shows the ItemGroup field value for the relevant material record.
      • Labor – The column shows the WorkcenterGroup field value for the relevant labor record.
      • Indirect cost – The column shows the CostGroup field value for the relevant cost record. (The CostGroupType value must be Indirect.)

      If the View option is set to No for both the Resource ID field and the Resource Group field, you will see only a total inventory value that is based on the inventory dimensions that you selected.

  7. On the Rows FastTab, set the following fields. These fields let you add corresponding WIP-related subsections to the report or remove them.

    • Material – Set this option to Yes to show information about materials. Material is a default resource type because materials must be included in all report configurations to create reliable output.

    • Labor – Set this option to Yes to show labor costs of WIP.

    • Indirect cost – Set this option to Yes to show indirect costs of WIP.

    • Direct outsourcing – Set this option to Yes to show direct outsourcing costs of WIP. This information is useful for subcontracting.

    • Detail Level – Select a view option for the report:

      • Transactions – View all relevant transactions on the report. Note that you might experience performance issues when you view reports that include a large volume of transactions. Therefore, if you want to use this view option, we recommend that you use the Inventory value report storage report.
      • Totals – View the total result.
    • Include beginning balance – Set this option to Yes to show the beginning balance. This option is available only when the Detail level field is set to Transactions.

Generate an Inventory value report storage report

Follow these steps to generate and store an Inventory value report storage report.

  1. Go to Cost management > Inquiries and reports > Inventory value report storage.

  2. On the Action Pane, select New.

  3. In the Inventory value dialog box, on the Parameters FastTab, set the following fields:

    • Name – Enter a unique name for the report.
    • ID – Select the inventory value report configuration to use for the report. The configuration establishes options for the columns and rows that will be included on your report.
    • Date interval – Use the fields in this section to define which records are included on the report. To define the date interval, you can either select a preset range (relative to the report generation date) in the Date interval code field, or select specific dates in the From date and To date fields.
  4. On the Records to include FastTab, set up filters and constraints to define which data is included on the report. Select Filter to open a standard query editor dialog, where you can define selection criteria, sorting criteria, and joins. The fields work just as they do for other types of queries in Supply Chain Management. All these filters will be applied to the inventory transactions but not to the general ledger balance. Keep this behavior in mind when you set up your filters. Otherwise, you might see a discrepancy between inventory and the general ledger.

  5. On the Run in the background FastTab, specify how, when, and how often the report is generated. The fields work just as they do for other types of background jobs in Supply Chain Management.

    Note

    This report is always run as part of a batch job.

  6. Select OK to apply your settings and close the dialog box.

After the batch job is completed, the report will be listed on the Inventory value report storage page. You might have to refresh the page to see the report.

Important

In the selected inventory value report configuration, you might get an incorrect beginning balance if you select the same date in both the From date field and the To date field, and if you also set the Include beginning balance option to Yes.

Explore an Inventory value report storage report

After you've generated a report, you can view and explore it at any time by following these steps.

  1. Go to Cost management > Inquiries and reports > Inventory value report storage.

  2. Select a report in the list. The page shows the details of the inventory value report configuration that was used to generate the selected report.

  3. On the Action Pane, select View details to show the report content.

  4. Explore the report by following any of these steps:

    • As for most standard pages in Supply Chain Management, you can select almost any column heading to sort or filter the grid by the values in that column.
    • Use the Filter field to filter the report by any value in any of several available columns.
    • Use the view menu (above the Filter field) to save and load your favorite combinations of sort and filter options.

Export an Inventory value report storage report

Every report that you generate is stored in the Inventory value data entity. You can use the standard data management features of Supply Chain Management to export data from this entity to any supported data format, such as CSV or Excel format.

The following example shows how to export an Inventory value report storage report.

  1. Go to System administration > Workspaces > Data management.

  2. In the Import / Export section, select the Export tile.

  3. On the Export page that appears, you will set up the export job. First enter a group name for the job.

  4. In the Selected entities section, select Add entity.

  5. In the dialog box that appears, set the following fields:

    • Entity name – Select Inventory value.
    • Target data format – Select the format to export data to.
  6. Select Add to add the new row, and then select Close to close the dialog box.

  7. Usually, you will export one report at a time. To export a single report, set up a filter for the row that you just added to the Inquiry dialog box. In this way, you can define which report from the Inventory value entity is included in your export. Follow these steps to set the following filter options to export a single report:

    1. On the Range tab, select Add to add a row.
    2. Set the Table field to Inventory value.
    3. Set the Derived table field to Inventory value.
    4. Set the Field field to the field that you want to filter by. Usually, you will use the Execution name field and/or the Execution time field.
    5. Set the Criteria field to the value that you want to look for in the selected field. (If you selected the Execution name field in the previous step, this value will be the name of the report. If you selected the Execution time field, it will be the time when the report was generated.)
    6. Add more rows to the Range tab as you require, until you've uniquely identified the report that you're looking for.
  8. Select OK to save your settings and close the dialog box.

  9. Select Save to save your export setup.

  10. On the Export options tab, select Export now to generate the export file.

  11. On the Execution summary page that appears, you can view the status of your export job and a list of the entities that were exported. In the Entity processing status section, select the Inventory value entity in the list, and then select Download file to download the data that was exported from that entity.

For more information about how to use data management to export data, see Data import and export jobs overview.

Generate a standard Inventory value report

Use the following procedure generate a standard Inventory value report.

  1. Go to Cost management > Inquiries and reports > Inventory accounting - status reports > Inventory value.

  2. In the Inventory value report dialog box, on the Parameters FastTab, set the following fields:

    • Name – Enter a unique name for the report.
    • ID – Select the inventory value report configuration to use for the report. The configuration establishes options for the columns and rows that will be included in your report.
    • Date interval – Use the fields in this section to define which records are included on the report. To define the date interval, you can either select a preset range (relative to the report generation date) in the Date interval code field, or select specific dates in the From date and To date fields.
  3. On the Records to include FastTab, set up filters and constraints to define which data is included on the report. Select Filter to open a standard query editor dialog, where you can define selection criteria, sorting criteria, and joins. The fields work just as they do for other types of queries in Supply Chain Management.

  4. On the Run in the background FastTab, specify how, when, and how often the report is generated. The fields work just as they do for other types of background jobs in Supply Chain Management.

  5. Select OK to apply your settings and close the dialog box. The report appears.

Reading inventory value reports

This section provides some guidance about how to read and understand an inventory value report.

Supply Chain Management supports the following two important concepts that are related to inventory status:

  • Financial updated – This concept indicates that the inventory transactions are already invoiced. For production orders, it indicates the end of a production order.
  • Physical updated – This concept indicates that the inventory transactions haven't yet been invoiced, but they have been received or shipped. For production orders, it indicates that material has been picked or the production order has been reported as finished.

When you understand these two concepts, it should be easy to understand the following columns in the report output:

  • Inventory: Financial Quantity – The quantity that has been financially updated.
  • Inventory: Financial Amount – The amount value of inventory that has been financially updated.
  • Inventory: Physical Quantity Posted – The quantity that has been physical updated.
  • Inventory: Physical Amount Posted – The amount value of inventory that has been physical updated.
  • Inventory: Physical Quantity Not Posted – The quantity that has inventory transactions but hasn't been posted to the general ledger. For example, you have an item model group where the Post physical inventory and Post financial inventory options are cleared, and you have an item that is linked to that group. You then create a purchase order, receive it, and invoice it. At this point, if you review the inventory value report for the item, you will see that the quantity and the value on the purchase order are shown in the Inventory: Physical Quantity Not Posted and Inventory: Physical Amount Not Posted columns.
  • Inventory: Physical Amount Not Posted – You can set up your reports so that they show unposted amounts. However, if you're using the report for inventory reconciliation, don't use this value. Otherwise, the amount isn't posted to the general ledger.
  • Inventory: Quantity – The total quantity of all the quantity columns on the report.
  • Inventory: Amount – The total quantity of all the amount columns on the report. When you do inventory reconciliation, don't use this column if your report includes the Inventory: Physical Amount Not Posted column. In this case, you must exclude the Inventory: Physical Amount Not Posted amount from the total amount.
  • Average unit cost – The total amount divided by the total quantity.

Typically, you will use an inventory value report to view the inventory value and quantity. However, sometimes the report won't show all the relevant inventory dimensions. If you don't see the dimensions that you expect, validate the following settings:

  • Review the item storage and tracking dimension groups. Only dimensions where the Financial inventory option is enabled can be shown on the report.
  • Go to Cost management > Inventory accounting policies setup > Inventory value reports, select the report configuration that you used to generate the report, and make sure that the required inventory dimensions are selected in the View column.

For example, you have an item that has the item number A0001. In the storage dimensions group, only the site is enabled for financial inventory. The site and warehouse are both enabled for physical inventory. In the tracking dimension group, the batch number is enabled for physical inventory but not for financial inventory. You then use a report configuration where site, warehouse, and batch number are all selected. When you view the report, you see a value only for the site. The columns for the warehouse and batch number are blank. As this example shows, inventory value reports can show only inventory dimension that are enabled for financial inventory.