This topic describes how to set up the criteria that determine whether waves are processed manually or automatically, and the work that is generated for a warehouse when a wave is processed. You specify the criteria by setting up wave templates and queries that match a wave with released lines in sales orders, production orders, and kanbans.
Settings for wave templates
When you set up a wave template, you specify the following:
- The Site and Warehouse that the template will create work for.
- The order in which the templates will be evaluated. The sequence in which the templates are matched to released lines on sales orders, production orders, and kanbans. When a line is released, the system applies the first wave template that the line meets the criteria for. The broader the criteria, the more likely it is for a line to meet the criteria, so you should put the templates with the most specific criteria at the top of the list. Use the Move up and Move down buttons on the Action Pane to arrange templates in the list.
- The actions taken by each template. The wave Methods perform the actions that are created by the template, such creating or distributing work for each type of wave template.
- The wave attributes (filters) that must apply for the wave template to be used.
If needed, a developer can create additional methods. You can view the full list of methods on the Wave process methods page.
Some settings represent strategic decisions for wave processing, as follows:
If the template is used for shipping items for sales orders and transfer orders, or used for moving items to production for production orders or kanbans.
If a wave is processed manually or automatically, as follows:
- Manual processing – The line is added to a wave and the inventory is reserved, however, you must select Process on the All waves list page to create the picking work for the order.
- Automatic processing – You can fully or partially automate wave processing. If you fully-automate wave processing, a wave is created that includes the line from the sales order, production order, or kanban when a sales order, production order, or kanban is created. The items are deducted from on-hand inventory and the picking work is created. If you partially automate wave processing, you can specify values that will trigger wave processing. For example, you can specify a maximum weight for shipments that will trigger wave processing when the total weight of the lines in the wave reaches the value.
If you assign shipments to an open wave. For example, if you promise customers that an order placed by 12:00 PM will ship within 24 hours, you can set up the wave template to automatically assign order lines to an open wave until 12:00 PM. At that time, the wave is automatically processed.
When a wave is processed, the picking work that is created is based on the work template and the location directive that is specified for the warehouse. The work template specifies how the picking work is created, and the location directive specifies the pick and put locations.
Create a wave template
To set up a wave template, follow these steps:
Go to Warehouse management > Setup > Waves > Wave templates.
Select New to create a new wave template.
In the Wave template type field, select one of the following options:
- Shipping - Use the wave template for shipping items for sales orders and transfer orders.
- Production orders - Use the wave template to move items for production orders.
- Kanban - Use the wave template to move items for kanban orders.
In the Wave template name and Wave template description fields, enter a name and a description for the wave template.
If more than one template is created for a warehouse, the number in the Wave template sequence field indicates the position of the template in the sequence in which the templates are applied when the template’s criteria is met. You can select Move up or Move down to rearrange the sequence of templates.
In the Site and Warehouse fields, select the site and warehouse that the wave template will create waves and picking work for.
If you want to automate wave processing, make the following settings as needed:
- Automate wave creation - Set this to Yes to automatically create a wave when a sales order, production order, or kanban is released to the warehouse.
- Assign to open waves - Set this to Yes to automatically assign lines to an open wave when the lines are released. Lines are assigned to waves based on the query filter for the wave template.
- Process wave at release to warehouse - Set this to Yes to automatically process the wave and create work when a line is released to the warehouse.
- Process wave automatically at threshold - Set this to Yes to automatically process the wave when its values reach the thresholds for weight, shipment, and lines specified in the Wave thresholds field group. This setting is only active if Shipping is selected in the Wave template type field.
- Automate wave release - Set this to Yes to automatically release the wave. The picking work is created and made available on mobile devices.
- Automate replenishment work release - Set this to Yes to create demand-based replenishment work and release it automatically. You must add the replenishment wave method to the wave template, and create a replenishment template using the Wave demand type. Set up a replenishment template on the Replenishment templates page. This requires that you add the replenish method to the wave template.
- Continue wave processing when work creation fails - When set to Yes, the system will use a blank location if it can't reserve inventory at the location proposed by the location directive (for example, because the inventory is no longer available). When set to No, the wave will fail if the system can't reserve the inventory.
Set the Wave thresholds field group as needed:
- Wave weight threshold - Enter the maximum weight a wave can contain.
- Shipment threshold - Enter the maximum number of shipments that can be included in a wave.
- Line threshold - Enter the maximum number of lines that can be included in a wave.
In the Default values field group, select the wave attributes to use as additional criteria for the wave template. Wave attributes are useful for assigning additional criteria, such as a specific customer name, to a wave template. You create these attributes on the Wave attributes page.
Set Wave notification policy to the policy you want to use for generating notifications related to waves that use this template. For an example of a wave notification policy, see Wave execution notifications.
On the Methods FastTab, the Selected methods pane lists the methods for the selected wave template. The wave methods perform the actions that are created by the template, such creating or distributing work. These actions are also referred to as wave steps. Wave methods are predefined for each type of wave template. You cannot remove the predefined wave methods, however, you can rearrange the order of the methods and add additional methods. For example, if you’re creating a wave template for shipping, you can add methods for replenishment and containerization. Wave containerization can be added to a sequence of wave methods to define the containerization of the lines processed in a wave template. To add an additional method, do the following:
- Select a method on the Remaining methods pane, and then select the Left arrow to add it to the Selected methods pane.
- To change the sequence, select a method, and then select Up or Down arrows.
When you add a method, it’s automatically listed in the appropriate location in the sequence of steps.
To set up the query that will match released lines to an appropriate wave, select Edit query on the Action Pane.
To verify that the wave template settings are valid, select Validate template.