X++ date run-time functions

This topic describes the date run-time functions.

dayName

Retrieves the name of the day of the week that is specified by a number.

str dayName(int number)

Parameters

Parameter Description
number The number of a day in a week.

Return value

The day of the week specified by the number parameter.

Remarks

The valid values for the number parameter are 1 through 7. Monday is represented by 1, Tuesday by 2, and Sunday by 7.

Example

static void dayNameExample(Args _arg)
{
        str s;
        ;
        s = dayName(01);
        print "First day of the week's name is " + s;
        pause;
}

dayOfMth

Calculates the number of the day in the month for the specified date.

int dayOfMth(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to test.

Return value

An integer between 1 and 31 that indicates the day of the month for the specified date.

Remarks

dayOfMth(31122001) //returns 31.

Example

static void dayOfMthExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d = today();
        int i;
        ;
        i = dayOfMth(d);
        print "Today's day of the month is " + int2Str(i);
        pause;
}

dayOfWk

Calculates the number of day in the week for the specified date. Note: Monday is represented by 1, Tuesday by 2, and Sunday by 7.

int dayOfWk(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date A date value that indicates the year, month, and day.

Return value

The number of the specified day in the week.

Example

static void dayOfWkExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d = today();
        int i;
        ;
        i = dayOfWk(d);
        print "Today's day of the week is " + int2Str(i);
        pause;
}

dayOfYr

Calculates the number of days between January 1 and the specified date.

int dayOfYr(date _date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
_date A date that specifies the year, month, and day.

Return value

The number of days between January 1 and the specified date, inclusive.

Remarks

January 1 is 1, and December 31 is either 365 or 366.

Example

static void dayOfYrExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d = today();
        int i;
        ;
        i = dayOfYr(d);
        print "Today's day of the year is " + int2Str(i);
        pause;
}

endMth

Calculates the last date in the month of the specified date.

date endMth(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date A date value that indicates a year, month, and day.

Return value

The date value of the last day in the specified month.

Remarks

endMth(0221988); //Returns the date 2921988 because 1988 is a leap year.
endMth(0221989); //Returns the date 2821989.

mkDate

Creates a date, based on three integers that indicate the day, month, and year, respectively.

date mkDate(int day, int month, int year)

Parameters

Parameter Description
day An integer that represents the day of the month.
month An integer that represents the month of the year.
year An integer that represents the year, which must be between 1900 and 2154.

Return value

A date value that is based on the values of the day, month, and year parameters.

Remarks

If the date isn't valid, this method returns a 0 (zero, 1/1/1900) date. Beginning with Dynamics AX 7.0(February 2016), shortcut values for the year, e.g. 75 for 1975, are not supported. If you provide a shortcut value for the year, a date of 1/1/1900 is returned.

Example

static void mkDateExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d;
        ;
        // Returns the date 0112005.
        d = mkDate(1, 1, 2005);
        print d;
        pause;
}

mthName

Retrieves the name of the specified month

str monthName(int number)

Parameters

Parameter Description
number The number of the month.

Return value

The name of the specified month.

Remarks

The valid values of the number parameter are 1 through 12. January is represented by 1 and December by 12.

Example

static void mthNameExample(Args _arg)
{
        str s;
        ;
        // MthName(6) returns the text string "June".
        s = mthName(6);
        print "Month name is " + s;
        pause;
}

mthOfYr

Retrieves the number of the month in the year for the specified date. Note: January is 1, February is 2, and December is 12.

int mthOfYr(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date A date that specifies a year, month, and day.

Return value

The number of the month in the year, for the month that is represented by the date parameter.

Example

static void mthOfYrExample(Args _arg)
{
        int i;
        ;
        i = mthOfYr(today());
        print "The number of the month in today's date is " + int2Str(i);
        pause;
}

nextMth

Retrieves the date in the following month that corresponds most closely to the specified date.

date nextMth(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to match in the following month.

Return value

The closest match to the specified date that is found in the next month.

Remarks

nextMth(2921996); //returns 29/03/1996.
nextMth(3111996); //returns 2921996, because 1996 is a leap year.

Example

static void nextMthExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d;
        ;
        d = nextMth(today());
        print "Closest date next month is "
        + date2Str(d, 2, 2, -1, 2, -1, 4);
        pause;
}

nextQtr

Retrieves the date in the following quarter that corresponds most closely to the specified date.

date nextQtr(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to match in the following quarter.

Return value

The closest match to specified date that is found in the next quarter.

Remarks

For example, nextQtr(3111998) returns 3041998.

Example

static void nextQtrExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d;
        ;
        d = nextQtr(today());
        print "Closest date next quarter is "
                + date2Str(d, 2, 2, -1, 2, -1, 4);
        pause;
}

nextYr

Retrieves the date in the following year that corresponds most closely to the specified date.

date nextYr(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to match in the following year.

Return value

The closest match to the specified date that is found in the following year.

Remarks

For example, nextyr(2921998) returns 2821999.

Example

static void nextYrExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d;
        ;
        d = nextYr(today());
        print "Closest date next year is "
                + date2Str(d, 2, 2, -1, 2, -1, 4);
        pause;
}

prevMth

Retrieves the date in the previous month that corresponds most closely to the specified date.

date prevMth(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to match in the previous month.

Return value

The closest match to the specified date that is found in the previous month.

Remarks

prevMth(3131996); //Returns the date 29/02/1996 because 1996 is a leap year.
prevMth(2821998); //Returns the date 28/01/1998.

prevQtr

Retrieves the date in the previous quarter that corresponds most closely to the specified date.

date prevQtr(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to match in the previous quarter.

Return value

The closest match to the specified date that is found in the previous quarter.

Remarks

prevQtr(3041998); //Returns the date 30/01/1998.
prevQtr(2951996); //Returns the date 29/02/1996, because 1996 is a leap year.

prevYr

Retrieves the date in the previous year that corresponds most closely to the specified date.

date prevYr(date date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
date The date to match in the previous year.

Return value

The closest match to the specified date that is found in the previous year.

Remarks

prevYr(2921996); //Returns the date 28/02/1995 because 1996 is a leap year.
prevYr(2821998); //Returns the date 28/02/1997.

systemDateGet

Retrieves the session date, if it has been set.

date systemDateGet()

Return value

The session date if it has been set; otherwise, the system date.

Remarks

Consider using Session date and time on the Tools menu to open the Session date and time page. This page can be used to actively set the session date. After this set action is detected by the system, subsequent calls to the systemDateGet function return the session date. The today function returns the system date. This function doesn't support time zones.

Example

The following example shows the date in the Infolog window.

static void Job_systemDateGet(Args _arg)
{
        info( date2Str(
                systemDateGet(),        // X++ language function.
                321,                    // 321 = ymd
                DateDay::Digits2,
                DateSeparator::Hyphen,  // separator1
                DateMonth::Digits2,
                DateSeparator::Hyphen,  // separator2
                DateYear::Digits4
        )
);
/*********** Actual Infolog output
Message (03:46:00 pm)
2012-04-16
***********/
}

systemDateSet

Changes the system date.

date systemDateSet(date _date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
_date The new date for the system.

Return value

The new system date.

Remarks

This function doesn't affect the session date. This method changes the date, but the time will be set to 0 (zero).

Example

The following example sets the system date to today's date.

static void systemDateSetExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d = today();
        d = systemDateSet(d);
        print d;
}

timeNow

Retrieves the current system time.

int timeNow()

Return value

The number of seconds that have passed since midnight.

Example

static void timeNowExample(Args _arg)
{
        int i;
        ;
        i = timeNow();
        print "The number of seconds since midnight is " + int2Str(i);
        pause;
}

today

Retrieves the current date on the system.

date today()

Return value

The current date.

Example

static void todayExample(Args _arg)
{
        date d;
        ;
        d = today();
        print "Today's date is " + date2Str(d, 0, 2, -1, 2, -1, 4);
        pause;
}

wkOfYr

Calculates the week of the year that a date falls in, according to the ISO 8601 specification.

int wkOfYr(date _date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
_date The date to calculate the week of the year for.

Return value

The sequence number of the week that the _date parameter occurs in.

Example

The following code example compares the wkOfYr function with the Global::weekOfYear method. The function and the method produce different results.

// X++ job, under AOT > Jobs.
static void WeekTests3Job(Args _args)
{
int weekNum, i;
date dateTest;
str sMessages[];
//---------------------------------------------
sMessages[1] = "----- #1.  For Sunday, January 5, 2003 -----";
dateTest = 512003; // DayMonthYear  format.
weekNum = wkOfYr(dateTest);
sMessages[2] = int2str(weekNum) + " = wkOfYr funtion";
weekNum = Global::weekOfYear(dateTest);
sMessages[3] = int2str(weekNum) + " = Global::weekOfYear method";
//---------------------------------------------
sMessages[4] = " ";
sMessages[5] = "----- #2.  For Wednesday, August 20, 2003 -----";
dateTest = 2082003;
weekNum = wkOfYr(dateTest);
sMessages[6] = int2str(weekNum) + " = wkOfYr funtion";
weekNum = Global::weekOfYear(dateTest);
sMessages[7] = int2str(weekNum) + " = Global::weekOfYear method";
//---------------------------------------------
sMessages[8] = " ";
sMessages[9] = "----- #3.  For Sunday, December 28, 2003 -----";
dateTest = 28122003;
weekNum = wkOfYr(dateTest);
sMessages[10] = int2str(weekNum) + " = wkOfYr funtion";
weekNum = Global::weekOfYear(dateTest);
sMessages[11] = int2str(weekNum) + " = Global::weekOfYear method";
for (i=1; i<= 11; i++)
{
Global::info(sMessages[i]);
}
}

The previous example sent the following information to the Infolog for display. The output shows that there are differences between wkOfYr and Global::weekOfYear.

Message (01:59:13 pm) ----- 
#1. For Sunday, January 5, 2003 ----- 1 = wkOfYr function 2 = Global::weekOfYear method ----- 
#2. For Wednesday, August 20, 2003 ----- 34 = wkOfYr function 34 = Global::weekOfYear method ----- 
#3. For Sunday, December 28, 2003 ----- 52 = wkOfYr function 1 = Global::weekOfYear method

year

Retrieves the year from a date value.

int year(date _date)

Parameters

Parameter Description
_date The date to return the year from.

Return value

The year of the specified date.

Remarks

year(0221998); //Returns the value 1998.