Business activity statement (BAS)

This topic provides information about the business activity statement (BAS) for Australia. The BAS is a form submitted to the Australian Taxation Office by all businesses to report their taxation obligations.

The business activity statement feature in Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Finance and Operations, Enterprise edition is designed to help you fill out your Business Activity Statement, commonly known as the BAS. It is very similar to the Calculation Sheet that the Australian Taxation Office provides you when you receive your BAS form in the mail. The taxation liabilities in the BAS include the following:

  • GST amounts you owe the Australian Taxation Office from sales
  • GST amounts the Australian Taxation Office owes you from purchases
  • Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) Tax Withheld
  • Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) Instalment
  • Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT)

The following list provides an overview of the process to calculate GST and prepare the BAS in General ledger:

  1. Set up GST prerequisites. Refer to the table at the end of this article.
  2. Set up report boxes - You must set up BAS report boxes to report other non-GST tax liabilities and credits for a particular GST settlement periods.
  3. Post and settle Australian BAS to tax authorities for a particular GST settlement period.
  4. Process payments to tax authorities.
  5. Manually adjust journals to transfer non-GST transactions posted to the BAS reconciliation account to the correct ledger account.
  6. Print and review GST reports.

Prerequisites

Category Prerequisite
Country/region The primary address for the legal entity must be in the following countries/regions: Australia
Parameters
  • Unmark the Apply sales tax taxable rules check box on the General ledger parameters page.
Related setup tasks

GST reporting codes

The BAS report layout is specific about how and where different amounts should be reported, about the fields that are added together and about linking the GST codes to the particular reporting codes. The GST reporting codes refer to a field number on the tax report for the report layout. The codes are linked by associating a GST code to a particular reporting code on the Report setup FastTab on the GST codes page.

Based on a quarterly BAS format, the following reporting codes must be set up. These reporting codes are associated with the field that appears on the BAS report.

Report Layout Reporting Code Report Text Field in BAS report
Default 1 G1 Total sales & income and other supplies G1
Default 2 G2 GST free exports G2
Default 3 G3 Other GST free supplies G3
Default 4 G4 Input taxed sales & income and other supplies G4
Default 7 G7 Adjustment payable G7
Default 9 G9 and 1A Goods and services tax payable G9 and 1A
Default 10 G10 Capital acquisitions G10
Default 11 G11 Other acquisitions G11
Default 13 G13 Acquisitions for making input taxed sales & income and other supplies G13
Default 14 G14 Acquisitions with no GST in the price G14
Default 18 G18 Adjustment (credit) G18
Default 101 1C Wine equalization tax payable 1C
Default 102 1D Wine equalization tax refundable 1D
Default 201 1E Luxury car tax payable 1E
Default 202 1F Luxury car tax refundable 1F
Default 400 4 Pay As You Go Withholding 4
Default 501 5A Pay As You Go Instalment 5A
Default 502 5B Credit arising from reduced Pay As You Go instalment 5B
Default 601 6A Fringe benefit tax instalment 6A
Default 602 6B Credit arising from fringe benefits tax instalment 6B
Default 700 7 Deferred company/ fund instalment 7
Default 701 7A Deferred GST on imports 7A
Default 31 W1 Total of salary, wages and other payments W1
Default 32 W2 Amounts withheld from salary, wages and other payments W2
Default 33 W3 Amounts withheld from investment distributions where no TFN is quoted W3
Default 34 W4 Amounts withheld from payment of invoices where no ABN is quoted W4
Default 51 T1 Instalment income T1
Default 52 T2 Commissioner’s instalment rate T2
Default 53 T3 New varied instalment rate T3
Default 54 T4 Reason for variation T4
Default 61 F1 ATO-calculated fringe benefits tax instalment F1
Default 62 F2 Estimated total fringe benefits tax payable F2
Default 63 F3 Varied fringe benefits tax instalment F3
Default 64 F4 Reason for fringe benefits tax variation F4
Default 140 A1 Document identification number A1
Default 1013 G13 Acquisitions for making input taxed sales, income and other supplies G13
Default 1014 G14 Capital acquisitions with no GST in the price G14
Default 1015 G15 Capital acquisitions for private use or with non-income tax deductions G15
Note

The reporting code numbers 5 and 6 are missing. This is because these two codes are used for calculated fields on the BAS report.