Create appointments in a specific time zone by using EWS in Exchange

Learn how to create appointments in specific time zones by using the EWS Managed API or EWS in Exchange.

When an appointment or meeting is created on an Exchange calendar, the time zone used to specify the start and end times is saved as the creation time zone for the appointment. That time zone is also used to interpret date and time values that do not have an explicit time zone specified, so it is important to understand your options to specify the time zone.

Creating appointments in different time zones by using the EWS Managed API

When creating appointments or meetings using the EWS Managed API, you have three options for specifying the time zone:

  • To use the time zone of the computer where your EWS Managed API is executing, do not specify a time zone when creating the ExchangeService object.

  • To use a specific time zone for all date/time properties, including properties when creating a new appointment or meeting, specify a time zone in the constructor for the ExchangeService object.

  • To use a different time zone than the one specified in the ExchangeService.TimeZone property, use the Appointment.StartTimeZone and Appointment.EndTimeZone properties.

    Note

    The EndTimeZone property is only available when the ExchangeService.RequestedServerVersion property is set to Exchange2010 or later. If it is not available, setting the StartTimeZone applies to both the start and end times of the appointment.

In the following example, the EWS Managed API is used to create three appointments. Each appointment is set to start at 1:00 PM two days from now, in an unspecified time zone, and end one hour later. The first appointment is created in the client computer's time zone by using default EWS Managed API behavior. The second is created in the Central time zone by using the Appointment.StartTimeZone and Appointment.EndTimeZone properties. The third is created in the Mountain time zone by using the ExchangeService.TimeZone property.

using Microsoft.Exchange.WebServices.Data;
using System.Security;
static void CreateAppointments(string userEmail, SecureString userPass)
{
    // *****************************************************
    // Create an appointment using the client computer's time zone.
    // *****************************************************
    // Do not specify a time zone when creating the ExchangeService.
    ExchangeService clientTZService = new ExchangeService(ExchangeVersion.Exchange2010);
    clientTZService.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(userEmail, userPass);
    clientTZService.AutodiscoverUrl(userEmail, redirectionCallback);
    // Create the appointment.
    Appointment clientTZAppt = new Appointment(clientTZService);
    clientTZAppt.Subject = "Appointment created using client time zone";
    clientTZAppt.Body = new MessageBody(string.Format("Time zone: {0}", clientTZService.TimeZone.DisplayName));
    // Set the start time to 1:00 PM two days from today.
    DateTime startTime = new DateTime(DateTime.Now.Year, DateTime.Now.Month, DateTime.Now.Day + 2);
    startTime = startTime.AddHours(13);
    clientTZAppt.Start = startTime;
    // Set the end time to 2:00 PM on that same day.
    DateTime endTime = startTime.AddHours(1);
    clientTZAppt.End = endTime;
    // Save the appointment to the default calendar.
    try
    {
        // This method results in a call to EWS.
        clientTZAppt.Save(SendInvitationsMode.SendToNone);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Error saving appointment: {0}", ex.Message);
    }
    // *****************************************************
    // Create an appointment in the Central time zone by
    // using the StartTimeZone property.
    // *****************************************************
    // Retrieve the Central time zone.
    TimeZoneInfo centralTZ = TimeZoneInfo.FindSystemTimeZoneById("Central Standard Time");
    // Create the appointment.
    Appointment centralTZAppt = new Appointment(clientTZService);
    centralTZAppt.Subject = "Appointment created using Central time zone";
    centralTZAppt.Body = new MessageBody(string.Format("Time zone: {0}", centralTZ.DisplayName));
    // Set the time zone on the appointment.
    centralTZAppt.StartTimeZone = centralTZ;
    centralTZAppt.EndTimeZone = centralTZ;
    // Set the start time to 1:00 PM two days from today.
    centralTZAppt.Start = startTime;
    // Set the end time to 2:00 PM on that same day.
    centralTZAppt.End = endTime;
    // Save the appointment to the default calendar.
    try
    {
        // This method results in a call to EWS.
        centralTZAppt.Save(SendInvitationsMode.SendToNone);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Error saving appointment: {0}", ex.Message);
    }
    // *****************************************************
    // Create an appointment in the Mountain time zone by
    // using the ExchangeService.TimeZone property.
    // *****************************************************
    // Specify the Mountain time zone when creating the ExchangeService.
    TimeZoneInfo mountainTZ = TimeZoneInfo.FindSystemTimeZoneById("Mountain Standard Time");
    ExchangeService mountainTZService = new ExchangeService(ExchangeVersion.Exchange2010, mountainTZ);
    mountainTZService.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(userEmail, userPass);
    mountainTZService.AutodiscoverUrl(userEmail, redirectionCallback);
    // Create the appointment.
    Appointment mountainTZAppt = new Appointment(mountainTZService);
    mountainTZAppt.Subject = "Appointment created using Mountain time zone";
    mountainTZAppt.Body = new MessageBody(string.Format("Time zone: {0}", mountainTZService.TimeZone.DisplayName));
    // Set the start time to 1:00 PM two days from today.
    mountainTZAppt.Start = startTime;
    // Set the end time to 2:00 PM on that same day.
    mountainTZAppt.End = endTime;
    // Save the appointment to the default calendar.
    try
    {
        // This method results in a call to EWS.
        mountainTZAppt.Save(SendInvitationsMode.SendToNone);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Error saving appointment: {0}", ex.Message);
    }
}

When this example is executed on a client computer configured in the Eastern time zone, and the three appointments it creates are viewed from a client configured in the Eastern time zone, they appear at 1:00 PM, 2:00 PM, and 3:00 PM, respectively.

Creating appointments in different time zones by using EWS

When creating appointments or meetings using EWS, you have three options for specifying the time zone:

The following example CreateItem operation request creates an appointment using UTC. Notice that the TimeZoneContext element, the StartTimeZone element, and the EndTimeZone element are absent. The Start and End element values are expressed in UTC.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
    xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
    xmlns:soap="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Header>
    <t:RequestServerVersion Version="Exchange2010" />
  </soap:Header>
  <soap:Body>
    <m:CreateItem SendMeetingInvitations="SendToNone">
      <m:Items>
        <t:CalendarItem>
          <t:Subject>Appointment created using UTC</t:Subject>
          <t:Body BodyType="HTML">Time zone: UTC</t:Body>
          <t:Start>2014-06-07T17:00:00.000Z</t:Start>
          <t:End>2014-06-07T18:00:00.000Z</t:End>
        </t:CalendarItem>
      </m:Items>
    </m:CreateItem>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>

The following example CreateItem operation request uses the StartTimeZone and EndTimeZone elements to specify the Central time zone for the appointment. Notice that the TimeZoneContext element is absent. However, if it were present, the values of the StartTimeZone and EndTimeZone elements would override its value. Again, the Start and End element values are expressed in UTC.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
    xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
    xmlns:soap="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Header>
    <t:RequestServerVersion Version="Exchange2010" />
  </soap:Header>
  <soap:Body>
    <m:CreateItem SendMeetingInvitations="SendToNone">
      <m:Items>
        <t:CalendarItem>
          <t:Subject>Appointment created using Central time zone</t:Subject>
          <t:Body BodyType="HTML">Time zone: (UTC-06:00) Central Time (US &amp;amp; Canada)</t:Body>
          <t:Start>2014-06-07T18:00:00.000Z</t:Start>
          <t:End>2014-06-07T19:00:00.000Z</t:End>
          <t:StartTimeZone Id="Central Standard Time" />
          <t:EndTimeZone Id="Central Standard Time" />
        </t:CalendarItem>
      </m:Items>
    </m:CreateItem>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>

The following example CreateItem operation request sets the TimeZoneContext element to the Mountain time zone. Notice that the StartTimeZone and EndTimeZone elements are absent. Again, the Start and End element values are expressed in UTC.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xmlns:m="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages" 
    xmlns:t="https://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" 
    xmlns:soap="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Header>
    <t:RequestServerVersion Version="Exchange2010" />
    <t:TimeZoneContext>
      <t:TimeZoneDefinition Id="Mountain Standard Time" />
    </t:TimeZoneContext>
  </soap:Header>
  <soap:Body>
    <m:CreateItem SendMeetingInvitations="SendToNone">
      <m:Items>
        <t:CalendarItem>
          <t:Subject>Appointment created using Mountain time zone</t:Subject>
          <t:Body BodyType="HTML">Time zone: (UTC-07:00) Mountain Time (US &amp;amp; Canada)</t:Body>
          <t:Start>2014-06-07T19:00:00.000Z</t:Start>
          <t:End>2014-06-07T20:00:00.000Z</t:End>
        </t:CalendarItem>
      </m:Items>
    </m:CreateItem>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>

When the three appointments created by the previous EWS example requests are viewed from a client configured in the Eastern time zone, they appear at 1:00 PM, 2:00 PM, and 3:00 PM, respectively.

Now that you know how to create appointments in specific time zones, you might want to update the time zones on existing appointments to a different one.

See also